Busselton Jetty is the longest wooden jetty (pier) in the southern hemisphere, stretching almost 2 km out to sea from the town of Busselton, Western Australia. Because the shallow waters of Geographe Bay restricted ship movement, a long jetty was required so that the cut timber could be transported to the ships.
In 1839 Governor Hutt appointed "the place in Geographe Bay opposite the Settlement at The Vasse to be the legal place for the loading and unloading of goods". Construction of the jetty – originally known as the Vasse Jetty – commenced in 1853 after persistent pressure by settlers. In 1865 the first section, approximately 176 metres, of the jetty became available for ships to moor. In 1875 an additional 143 metres was added to the original structure, as over 10 years' accumulation of drift sands had made the water too shallow for mooring. The jetty was continually extended until the 1960s when it reached its current length of 1841 metres.
The jetty also features a rail line along its length, which operated commercially as part of the railway line into Busselton from Bunbury.
The last commercial ship visited the jetty on 17 October 1971. On 21 July 1972, the jetty was closed to shipping by Governor's Proclamation in the W.A. Gazette after more than a century of use. Once closed, government maintenance of the jetty ceased and it began to deteriorate, suffering attack by wood borers, rot and the occasional fire.
On 4 April 1978, Cyclone Alby swept south down the Western Australian coast from the North-West (a rare occurrence) and destroyed a large part of the shore end of the jetty. Subsequently, townspeople banded together to try to save the jetty and eventually persuaded the State Government and the Shire Council to provide some much needed funds for repair.
However, rebuilding the timber jetty proved expensive and funds soon ran out. The Jetty Preservation Society, formed in 1987, resorted to community fund-raising. By 2001, the Committee had raised just A$14,000 — a rate of A$1,000 per year.
In 2001, a new community-development Non-Government Organization (NGO), named "The Busselton Challenge", assisted the Committee in designing and executing a new fund-raising project that raised A$220,000 in just six months — 440 times the previous rate of fund-raising. More importantly, this project re-positioned the Jetty as an important state and national resource. This re-positioning enabled the Committee to attract funding for a A$27 million refurbishment project (completed in 2011) and have the Jetty formally entered into the State Register of Heritage Places, thereby securing its future.
Damage again occurred in 2004.
The observatory was opened on 13 December 2003 at a cost of A$3.5 million. Since that time, over 250,000 people have visited the attraction. The underwater observatory is located 1.8 km from shore – almost at the end of the Busselton Jetty – and can accommodate up to 40 people at a time in its 9.5 m diameter observation chamber. Descending 8 metres below sea level, visitors can view the corals and fish life through eleven viewing windows.
In early 2011 the reconstruction was completed and the pier and railway were reopened to the public.
On 9 February 2006, the Queen's Baton Relay passed through Busselton. The baton was taken along the Busselton Jetty and then taken underwater by a scuba diver. The baton passed by the Underwater Observatory during its swim to allow the media to view the event.
The boatshed-style Interpretive Centre opened in April 2001 and is located 50 m offshore. The Interpretive Centre gives visitors a glimpse into the jetty's past and its future.
In February 2012 the Busselton Council limited the placement of such plaques to "exceptional circumstances", for people who had made significant contributions to or associated with the jetty.
- Busselton's long jetty title is safe. Jetty is 1.9km long and is still the longest wooden jetty in the southern hemisphere. Busselton-Margaret times, 12 Oct. 2000, p.6,
- Busselton Jetty conservation plan – Draft (PDF), Palassis Architects, 2 February 2007, retrieved 15 April 2013
- Register of Heritage Places – Assessment Documentation (PDF), Heritage Council of Western Australia, retrieved 15 April 2013
- Busselton Jetty, 1865-1989.Newsletter (Busselton Historical Society), Jan. 1990, p.1-2.
- Busselton Oral History Group (2005), Reflections of the Jetty : the story of Busselton Jetty, Busselton Oral History Group, ISBN 978-0-646-45178-7
- Ayris, Cyril (2004), Busselton Jetty : the "Cinderalla" story, Cyril Ayris Freelance, ISBN 978-0-9578853-3-2
- Busselton Jetty Preservation Committee (1990), Busselton jetty news, Busselton Jetty Preservation Committee, retrieved 2 April 2012
- Challenge Wins Regional Award, ZoomInfo, 2002, retrieved 7 January 2015
- Busselton heritage tourism landmark celebrated, WA State Government, 2011, retrieved 7 January 2015
- Storrie, Ann: "Beneath The Busselton Jetty"
- There had been earlier fires, but not as damaging see – "BUSSELTON JETTY FIRE.". The West Australian (Perth: National Library of Australia). 26 December 1946. p. 11 Edition: SECOND EDITION. Retrieved 2 April 2012.
- Busselton jetty badly damaged in a storm on 21 July 2004. Reel talk, August 2004, p.14,
- Busselton Jetty Timeline (PDF), retrieved 16 April 2013
- Maggie VP (8 February 2013). "Busselton Jetty". On Topic Media Pty Ltd. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- Darcy Harwood (18 February 2011). "Busselton jetty lovingly restored". West Australian Newspapers Limited. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- CP004: Busselton Jetty – Placement of Memorial Plaques (PDF), City of Busselton, 22 February 2012, retrieved 13 April 2013
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