Bust of Giovanni Battista Santoni

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bust of Giovanni Battista Santoni
Santoni02.jpg
Artist Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Year 1613–16 (1613–16)
Catalogue 2
Type Sculpture
Material Marble
Subject Giovanni Battista Santoni
Dimensions Life-size
Location Santa Prassede, Rome
Coordinates Coordinates: 41°53′46″N 12°29′55″E / 41.89611°N 12.49861°E / 41.89611; 12.49861

The Bust of Giovanni Battisti Santoni is a sculptural portrait by the Italian artist Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Believed to be one of the artist's earliest works, the bust forms part of a tomb for Santoni, who was majordomo to Pope Sixtus V from 1590 to 1592. The work was executed sometime between 1613 and 1616,[1] although some have dated the work as early as 1609 (when Bernini was ten years old), including Filippo Baldinucci.[2] [3]The work remains in its original setting in the church of Santa Prassede in Rome.

Background[edit]

In 1568, Santoni was consecrated Bishop of Alife. In 1586, he was appointed the Bishop of Tricarico. In 1590, immediately after ascending the papal throne, Pope Sixtus V appointed Santoni his majordomo. Two years later, Santoni died.[1] When Santoni's nephew was appointed to the bishopric in 1610, he commissioned the posthumous portrait of his uncle.[2]

Description[edit]

The life-size marble bust is set in an oval frame with Mannerist mouldings behind and in between a broken pediment.[2] The oval frame crowns an elaborate frame ornamented by three cherubim, also created by Bernini.[1] These cherubim may have served as models for the artist's early mythological statues of putti.[2]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ a b c Wittkower 1955, p. 231.
  2. ^ a b c d Avery 1997, p. 33.
  3. ^ Hawley, p.107
Bibliography
  • Avery, Charles (1997). Bernini: Genius of the Baroque. London: Thames and Hudson. ISBN 9780500286333. 
  • Baldinucci, Filippo (2006) [1682]. The Life of Bernini. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press. ISBN 9780271730769. 
  • Bernini, Domenico (2011) [1713]. The Life of Giano Lorenzo Bernini. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press. ISBN 9780271037486. 
  • Mormando, Franco (2011). Bernini: His Life and His Rome. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 9780226538525. 
  • Wittkower, Rudolf (1955). Gian Lorenzo Bernini: The Sculptor of the Roman Baroque. London: Phaidon Press. ISBN 9780714837154. 


External links[edit]