Butea

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This article is about the genus of flowering plants. For the commune in Romania, see Butea, Iaşi.
Not to be confused with Butia.
Butea
STS 001 Butea monosperma.jpg
Butea monosperma
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Phaseoleae
Genus: Butea
Roxb. ex Willd.
Type species
Butea monosperma
(Lamarck) Kuntze
Species

See text

Butea is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the pea family, Fabaceae. It is sometimes considered to have only two species, B. monosperma and B. superba,[1] or is expanded to include four or five species.[2]

Butea monosperma is used for timber, resin, fodder, medicine, and dye.

Butea[clarification needed] is also a host to the Lac insect, which produces natural lacquer.[3]

Taxonomy[edit]

Butea is named after John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute (1713-1792), member of parliament, prime minister for one year, and a patron of botany.[4] William Roxburgh erected the genus Butea in 1795, but it became a nomen invalidum. Carl Willdenow validated the name Butea in 1802.

Species[edit]

Forty-two names have been published in Butea,[5] but forty of these are either synonyms or names of species that have been transferred to other genera.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gwilym Lewis, Brian Schrire, Barbara MacKinder, and Mike Lock. 2005. Legumes of the World. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew: Richmond, England.
  2. ^ Dezhao Chen, Dianxiang Zhang, and Mats Thulin. "Flora of China Online". Retrieved 11 October 2014.  |chapter= ignored (help)
  3. ^ a b Munivenkatappa Sanjappa. 1987. "Revision of the genera Butea Roxb. ex Willd. and Meizotropis Voigt (Fabaceae)". Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 29:199-225.
  4. ^ Umberto Quattrocchi. 2000. CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names volume I. CRC Press: Boca Raton; New York; Washington,DC;, USA. London, UK. ISBN 978-0-8493-2675-2.
  5. ^ Butea in International Plant Names Index. (see External links below).

External links[edit]