Butia

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Not to be confused with Butea.
Butia
Butia capitata - Villa Thuret - DSC04803.JPG
Butia capitata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Arecales
Family: Arecaceae
Subfamily: Arecoideae
Tribe: Cocoseae
Subtribe: Attaleinae
Genus: Butia
(Becc.) Becc.[1]

Butia is a genus of palms in the family Arecaceae, native to South America in Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and Argentina.[2] Most species produce edible fruits, which are sometimes used to make alcoholic beverages. The name is derived from a Brazilian vernacular word for members of the genus.[3]

Description[edit]

They are 'feather palms', with pinnate leaves 2-4 m long. The species vary from nearly stemless plants rarely exceeding 40 cm tall (e.g. B. campicola) to small trees up to 10 m tall (e.g. B. yatay).

Butia capitata is notable as one of the hardiest feather palms, tolerating temperatures down to about −10 °C; it is widely cultivated in warm temperate regions.

Species[edit]

Accepted species:[2][4]

  1. Butia archeri (Glassman) Glassman - Goiás, Brasília, Minas Gerais, São Paulo
  2. Butia campicola (Barb.Rodr.) Noblick - Mato Grosso do Sul, Paraguay
  3. Butia capitata (Mart.) Becc. – Wine Palm, Jelly Palm, Pindo Palm - Bahia, Goiás, Minas Gerais
  4. Butia catarinensis Noblick & Lorenzi - Santa Catarina
  5. Butia eriospatha (Mart. ex Drude) Becc. – Woolly Butia Palm -southern Brazil
  6. Butia exilata Deble & Marchiori - Rio Grande do Sul
  7. Butia exospadix Noblick - Mato Grosso do Sul, Paraguay
  8. Butia lallemantii Deble & Marchiori - Rio Grande do Sul, Uruguay
  9. Butia lepidotispatha Noblick - Mato Grosso do Sul, Paraguay
  10. Butia leptospatha (Burret) Noblick - Mato Grosso do Sul, Paraguay
  11. Butia marmorii Noblick - Alto Paraná in Paraguay
  12. Butia matogrossensis Noblick & Lorenzi - Mato Grosso do Sul
  13. Butia microspadix Burret - southeastern Brazil
  14. Butia noblickii Deble - Corrientes Province of Argentina
  15. Butia odorata (Barb.Rodr.) Noblick - Rio Grande do Sul, Uruguay
  16. Butia paraguayensis (Barb. Rodr.) L.H.Bailey – Dwarf Yatay - Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay
  17. Butia pubispatha Noblick & Lorenzi - Paraná
  18. Butia purpurascens Glassman – Purple Yatay Palm - Goiás, Minas Gerais
  19. Butia quaraimana Deble & Marchiori - Rio Grande do Sul
  20. Butia stolonifera (Barb.Rodr.) Becc. - Rio Grande do Sul, Uruguay
  21. Butia witeckii K.Soares & S. Longhi – Field butia - Rio Grande do Sul.
  22. Butia yatay (Mart.) Becc. – Yatay Palm - Rio Grande do Sul, Uruguay, Argentina

Intergeneric hybrids[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Genus: Butia (Becc.) Becc.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2010-03-16. Retrieved 2012-11-14. 
  2. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ Quattrocchi, Umberto (2000). CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names. I: A-C. CRC Press. p. 389. ISBN 978-0-8493-2675-2. 
  4. ^ "GRIN Species Records of Butia". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2012-11-14. 
  5. ^ "Butyagrus nabonnandii". Palms. Palm & Cycad Societies of Australia. Retrieved 2012-11-14. 

External links[edit]