Butjadingen is situated on the German North Sea coast. It is bordered on the west and southwest by the Jade River and on the east by the Weser River. It forms the northern part of the Wesermarsch district and has a rather low population. The political borough of Butjadingen adjoins to Nordenham which geographically is also part of the peninsula Butjadingen.
Pipe organ at the St. Laurentius Church, Langwarden (Butjadingen)
Its name is derived from Frisian "buten" (=outside) and "Jade" and thus means the lands on the other side of the Jade river.
In front of the peninsula is the Wadden Sea which stretches between the Jade's and the Weser's mouths about 23 kilometres to the northwest beyond the Mellum island. It is part of the Nationalpark Niedersächsisches Wattenmeer (Lower Saxony Wadden Sea National Park), one of three German Wadden Sea National Parks.