Butler's Barracks

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Coordinates: 43°14′54″N 79°04′27″W / 43.248370°N 79.074044°W / 43.248370; -79.074044

Butler's Barracks
National Historic Site of Canada
Butler's Barracks NOTL 1.JPG
Butler's Barracks
Province Ontario
Year built 1778
Website Butler's Barracks
Butler's Barracks NOTL 2.JPG

Butler's Barracks was the home of Loyalist military officer John Butler (1728–1796), in what was then Newark, Upper Canada; present day Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario. Butler is most famous for leading an irregular military unit known as Butler's Rangers on the northern frontier during the American Revolutionary War.

The original barracks were constructed in 1778 on the banks of the Niagara River, and were torn down during the construction of Fort George in 1800.

The building currently referred to as Butler's Barracks was constructed in 1818, and the site at one time was quite extensive, being first used by the Indian Department, and later by the British military. It is one of several military sites in the town along the Niagara River:

The barracks was one of several buildings in the Commons area of the town:

  • Commissariat Officer's Quarters and Store (1839) - a 2 12-storey house home to the British Commissariat Department
  • Junior Commissariat Officer's Quarters (1817) - used as Headquarters Staff, a mess or dining facility for officers, and a residence
  • Commandant's Quarters
  • Indian Council House (1812?) - became Hospital in 1822
  • fuel yard
  • storehouses
  • Gunshed (1821)

The British passed control of the grounds to the Canadian Army in 1871 and became the training grounds and home to the 2nd Division of the Canadian Expeditionary Force.

From October 1917 to March 1919, the barracks became Camp Kosciuszko, home to the Polish Army in France, aka Haller's Army and the Blue Army. After the war the barracks became Camp Niagara and was used until the 1960s. It is now part of the Fort George National Historic Site.

The Lincoln and Welland Regimental Museum is located in Butler's Barracks. Exhibits include displays and artifacts from the 18th through the present, and include uniforms, weapons, medals, photographs, regimental band instruments, and other memorabilia.

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • P.Valasek, Haller's Polish Army in France Chicago 2006

References[edit]