Buttle Church

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Buttle Church, external view

Buttle Church (Swedish: Buttle kyrka) is a medieval Lutheran church on the Swedish island of Gotland, in the Diocese of Visby. It is one of the more well-preserved Romanesque churches on Gotland.

History and architecture[edit]

The triumphal cross (12th century)

Buttle Church is one of the more well-preserved Romanesque churches on Gotland. The oldest parts are the western part of the choir and the nave, dating from the second half of the 12th century.[1] The tower was added circa 1220.[2] An original apse was pulled down during the middle of the 14th century and replaced by the present structure with a straight east end, in Gothic style. The only later additions are the windows of the nave, which were made in 1882-83.

Internally, the church is decorated with frescos. In the nave, a damaged frieze displaying the Passion of Christ can be seen, while in the tower base there are a set of frescos depicting Saint George and the Dragon, Saint Martin of Tours and a scene in which souls are being weighed. All the frescos in the church have been attributed to the Master of the Passion of Christ or his workshop.[1][2]

The church retains several medieval furnishings. The triumphal cross is one of the earliest of its kind on Gotland, dating from the end of the 12th century. It was probably made by a local artist but shows influences from German art from the period. The altarpiece is also medieval, from the 15th century, and still in its original place. The altarpiece displays carved wooden figures depicting the crucifixion and a number of saints. It was renovated in 1956-57. The baptismal font is also noteworthy, from the middle of the 13th century. Its base is decorated with sculpted heads of humans and beasts.[1] The pews are in a vernacular Baroque style. In the 1950s they were restored to their original colour scheme. They were probably decorated by the same artist who worked in Vänge Church.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Lagerlöf, Erland, ed. (1973). Gotlands kyrkor (in Swedish). Uddevalla: Rabén & Sjögren. pp. 113–115. ISBN 9129410355. 
  2. ^ a b c "Buttle kyrka". Church of Sweden. Retrieved 18 June 2014. 

External links[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Curman, Sigurd; Tuulse, Armin (1952). Buttle kyrka. Sveriges kyrkor, konsthistoriskt inventarium (in Swedish, with summary in English). Gotland. Band IV, halvband 1. pp. 380–409. Retrieved 21 October 2014. 

Coordinates: 57°24′09″N 18°31′48″E / 57.40250°N 18.53000°E / 57.40250; 18.53000