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Butwal city view from top of Lumbini Nursing Hospital
Butwal city view from top of Lumbini Nursing Hospital
Nickname(s): batauli bazaar
Motto: butwal nagarpalika
Butwal is located in Nepal
Location of Butwal in Nepal
Coordinates: 27°42′N 83°27′E / 27.700°N 83.450°E / 27.700; 83.450Coordinates: 27°42′N 83°27′E / 27.700°N 83.450°E / 27.700; 83.450
Country    Nepal
Development Region Western
Zone Lumbini Zone
District Rupandehi District
Municipality Butwal
 • Type Butwal Municipality
 • Total 1,470 km2 (570 sq mi)
Population 347112
 • Total 118.462
 • Density 0.081/km2 (0.21/sq mi)
Time zone Nepal Time (UTC+5:45)
Post code 32907
Area code(s) +071
Website www.butwalmun.org.np

Butwal (Nepali: बुटवल) is a city in southern Nepal in Rupandehi District, in Lumbini Zone—of which it is the administrative center. It is located 261 kilometres west of Kathmandu and 22 kilometers north of Siddharthanagar, at the northern edge of the Terai plain below the Siwalik Hills. Its name is derived from Batauli Bazaar in the town's oldest district.

Through highway and air links, Butwal connects western Nepal to the capital Kathmandu. It has highway connections to the Indian Border at Sunauli[1] and to hill towns Tansen and Pokhara. Butwal is a major gateway to Nepal.


Fossils of ancient hominoids Ramapithecus were found near the Tinau (Tilottama) River as early as 1932, including a 10.1 million year old tooth.[2]

Historically Butwal connected Nepali people with their Indian neighbors. As the British East India Company annexed Awadh from its hereditary rulers while the Shah Dynasty attempted to annex the Terai, Butwal became one of bones of contention leading to the Gurkha War 1814-16.[3][4]

When King Tribhuvan fled to India in 1950 during the revolt against the Rana dynasty he travelled through Butwal. Then it was little more than a village on the western bank of Tilottama River (also known as Tinau). With completion in 1968 of Siddhartha Highway from the border at Sunauli through Butwal to Pokhara and then in the 1990s Mahendra Highway across the full east-west expanse of Nepal's Terai, Butwal has developed rapidly.


Most of the population in butwal 118.462 (census 2011) consists of Pahari immigrants from nearby hill districts especially (Palpa), (Arghakhanchi) (Gulmi)and (Syangja). There are also students, and ex-Gurkha soldiers commonly called Lahure (Nepali: लाहुरे population.

Culture and religion[edit]

Hindus in the majority celebrate Holi, Teej, Maha Shivratri, Dashain, Tihar and Bhai Tika. Many Paharis go to their native villages during the month from Dashain through Tihar and the town becomes nearly deserted.

There are also Buddhist and Muslims. There is a very good and harmonious relationship among different religious and ethnic community.

Moving beyond the Tinau River, Tharus are found to be staying occupying appreciable space,with their own religious aspects and most of them are native of the mighty village.


The economy of Butwal centers around education, ment of Batauli Bazar at the edge of the hills in old Butwal. Presently the main trading centre are near Traffic Chok and Puspalal Park. Numerous shops sell Chinese and Indian goods. Butwal also has small and medium scale manufacturers of woodwork, ironsheet, metalware and aluminium sheet. There are rice mills including Siddhababa Rice mill, Aryal Rice Mill (Jharbaira-Murgiya) and Sita rice mill.Butwal leads the sale of marbles,tiles sanitary and hardwares in Nepal, we can find them at cheaper cost in comparison to other places Nepal, like usha marbles,narshang hardware, basyal trade centre, etc., students from nearby hilly regions contributes to Butwal's economy. Additional income is remitted by expatriate Nepalis and from Gurkha Soldiers employed by the Indian and British Armies. Butwal has also become a banking centre of the region. Various banks like Sewa Bikas Bank Ltd. and many other banks have been established with head office in Butwal. Various banks also have opened it branch office in Butwal.


Buses are the dominant form of transportation. Private operators offer service to various destinations. Until 2003 most of the fleet was older large buses; since then operators have added newer minibuses popularly called micro. Older jeeps are used to take people to nearby hilly regions. Rickshaws are used for short-distance urban transport, however taxicabs are gaining popularity with increasing affluence. Motorcycles are a common means of personal transportation around town. The number registered has increased from 1,200 in 1999 to 80,000 in 2008. Nearly 100 buses depart to Kathmandu from Butwal daily, from 5am morning from Butwal, and at every 20-30 min bus will depart from Butwal to Pokhara, through Siddhartha highway. With the improvisation of the main road that runs on the mid of Butwal into 6 lanes and also due to the provision of second and third highways running along the inner areas, transportation has become more efficient, well-managed and accessible to the residents.


To Promote local culture Butwal has many FM radio stations like Radio Jagaran - 93.6 MHz Which is a Community radio Station.Other FM stations are Butwal FM -94.4 MHz, Radio Namaste 92.8MHz, Radio Samabesi 105MHz etc. Beside these FM stations, many televisions are in run which are Lumbini TV, Rupandehi TV etc.


In butwal there are several bank and financial institution.Nepal Bank Ltd, Rastriya Banijya Bank,Standard chartered Bank, Lumbini bank ltd, NIBL, Tinau Development Bank<http://www.tinaubank.com>, Mission Development Bank Ltd.,Sewa Bikas Bank, Ekata Dev Bank,Pashchimanchal Development Bank etc.Several bank has ATM facilities.


Butwal is a major center of education in Nepal [after Kathmandu]. Two colleges are affiliated with Tribhuvan University:

  • Butwal Bahumukhi Campus
  • Lumbini Banijya Campus
  • Siddhartha Gautam Buddha Campus, where more than 3000 students are studying. The Principle of the college is quality education and cost recovery, since it is a public college.

all college (managed by New Horizon Institute)

  • Sanjeevani College of Medical Sciences,[5] Kalika Nagar
  • Galaxy English Boarding High School, Murgiya.
  • Butwal Kalika Campus, Kalikanagar-12
  • Sky International College, Bsc IT, Msc IT, BBA, MBA (Sikkim Manipal University)
  • Tinau Technical College, B.sc.CSIT (Trivuwan University)

Private colleges with two-year post-secondary programs and courses in commerce and management:

  • Achievers College: Management, Hotel Management
  • Canon Higher Secondary School
  • Glorious College for science and management.
  • Lumbini Banijya Campus
  • Manimukunda Higher Secondary
  • New Horizon Institute
  • Oxford College for science,management, huminities and education
  • Ram Mani Multiple Campus, Manigram
  • Ever Shining English Boarding High School, Nayagoan
  • Annapurna Model College (AMC) For Science, Management, Humanities, Education, B.A, B.Ed, And M.A in R.D
  • Shree Sungaba Public Higher Secondary School, Jharbaira
  • Tilottama Campus for Science, Management and BBA

Government high schools:

  • Kalika Higher Secondary School Kalika nagar
  • Shree Naya Gaun Higher Secondary School, Butwal-14,Naya Gaun
  • Shree ManavGyan Higher Secondary School, Butwal-12, Ramnagar
  • Shree Kanti Madhyamik Vidhyalaya (formerly Shree 5 Khyamik Vidhyalaya)
  • Kalika Higher Secondary School, Butwal-12
  • Butwal Madyamik Vidhalaya
  • Shree Nawaratna Boarding School, Butwal-14 Tamnagar
  • Tilottama English Higher Secondary School, Sau-Pharsatikar-1,Rupandehi
  • Dream Vision School Of Pharsatikar, Sau-Pharsatikar-1,Rupandehi
  • Shanti Namuna Ma. Vi.
  • Shree Gautam Buddha High School, Kewlani
  • Shree Siddheswori LalKumari Higher Secondary School, Butwal-9, Rupandehi

Private High Schools

  • Axis Higher Secondary School
  • Summit English Boarding School, Pulchowk, Butwal
  • Our Peaceland Academy
  • Manaslu Boarding English Secondary School (Previously Oxford Secondary)
  • Butwal Public School
  • New Horizon English Boarding School
  • Deep Boarding High School
  • Everest English Boarding Higher Secondary School
  • Mahabir English Boarding School
  • Ideal English Boarding secondary School
  • Munal Secondary Boarding School
  • Eden English Boarding School
  • New Environment Higher Secondary School.
  • New Light Boarding High School
  • Paramount Boarding School
  • Siddhartha English Boarding School,dingarnagar
  • Smriti School
  • Nava Prabhat English Boarding School
  • Shree Pashupati High School
  • Gargi International academy English school
  • Pamir International Academy English School
  • Butwal Elite Higher Secondary School
  • Butwal Glory English Boarding School
  • New Pinewood English Boarding School
  • Kantipunja Boarding School
  • Rose English boarding school
  • Western Academy, Golpark, Butwal (under management of AMC)
  • Shree naharpur ma.vi naharpur
  • New Standard English High School, Butwal - 14 Nayagoun


Places of interest[edit]

  • 'Devdaha'

The most historical and beautiful religious site of Nepal situated 13 kms east of Butwal is best known for the maternal home of lord Gautam Buddha. It is a place of best natural beauty and pollution free environment. Kheirani, Bhawanipur, Bairimai,Kan yamai,Khayardanda etc are the places of interest. Aap Khola' (mango river) where people go for swimming and to obtain water during droughts. There is a view of nearby Manakamana Temple.

  • Butwal Hill Park (Deepnagar) - an historic place for the Gurung community. This hill used to be called Gurung Dada because Gurungs were buried here. It separates the city into 2 parts and gives views of both sides.
  • Jitgadhi - a fortress during Angol Nepal war, Narayan temple built by (1864 B.S.) Hanuman temple and Shivalaya of Hanumagngadhi, Jalabinayak Mehadev temple, Siddababa temple, Nuwakot etc. are famous centres of attraction in Butwal.
  • Murgiya Jharbaira - about 13 km west from Butwal city. This place is known for secondary schools, rice and oil mills, temples and natural beauty. Temple of Lord Shiva (Parroha Parmeshower Bolbam Dham) is situated near by here with is internationally famous for receiving blessings from Lord of the Lord Shiva Shankar and temple of Goddess Durga at the center of town.
  • Phulbari (Manimukunda Park) - The winter palace of Palpali Sen clan is very fascinating from natural and archaeological values. There are ruins and antiquities of the majestic palace of Manimukunda Sen an ancient Palpali king containing 6 large rooms as well as royal residence, administrative and fascinating scenic grandeur of Butwal, Siddharthanagar and other neighbouring villages of Rupandehi district can be vividly seen from here at night also. His Majesty's Government, archaeological department has attempted to maintain it in 1991. Now Butwal municipality has formed council for the conservation of Manimukunda Sen Park to conduct Phulbari Development Programme and attempted to make it an amusing and a tourist resort.
  • Sainamaina - Located about 12 km. west from Butwal and to North from Banakatti, Sainamaina as an open museum is very famous and fascinating resort from historical archaeological culture and natural points of view. Among the different Gramas villages of Shakya King, it was in the samgrama site. An Indian queen (Begum Hazrat Mahal of Awadh) because of the British disturbance in her kingdom came to this area with her soldiers and porters (‘Sena’ and Mena’) and finally this area came to be known as Saina Maina. It is an exquisite treasure trove of ancient ruins and antiquities: statues of dancing saints, ruins of palace, well etc.
  • Siddha Baba Temple is located on hills at the border of Butwal Municipality.[6] Devotees believe that Siddha Baba will grant their wishes and offer pigeons at the temple. On Saturdays, the weekly holiday in Nepal, large number of devotees visit this temple and special Microbus services are offered.
  • The Statue of Buddha (Jogidanda) was very significant different ruins of having the values of classical art are scattered here and there. This famous archaeological site is being occupied by homeless and landless people. Some of the antiquities of this site are seen thrown around the Lumbini museum.
  • Nilkanth varni (lord shree Swaminarayan) stayed for two months in king's palace (now at manimukund garden, an old wall remains) during his "Vanvicharan".


  1. ^ "Travel guide to Sunauli (Belahiya) and Bhairawa (Siddharthangar)". Retrieved April 13, 2011. 
  2. ^ Barry, J.C. (July 1984), "A Review of the Siwalik hominoids", in Else, James G.; Lee, Phyllis C., Primate Evolution., Vol. 1, Nairobi, Kenya: Selected Proceedings of the Tenth Congress of the International Primatological Society, pp. 93–106, retrieved April 13, 2011 
  3. ^ Handa, O.C. (2002). History of Uttaranchal. New Delhi: Indus Publishing Co. pp. 170ff. 
  4. ^ Saugat, Om, ed. (2003). "Chapter 10: Relations with Nepal and Burma". Encyclopedic History of Indian Freedom Movement. New Delhi: saugat. pp. 280–282. Retrieved April 13, 2011. 
  5. ^ sanjeevani.edu.np
  6. ^ http://wikimapia.org/848100/Butwal-Siddha-Baba-Pilgirmage-site