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Buhoodle (Somali: Buuhoodle, Arabic: بووهودل), also known as Bohotle, is the capital of the northern Cayn region in Somalia. It is disputed between Somaliland, Puntland and Khatumo State (formerly HBM-SSC or Hoggaanka Badbaadada iyo Mideynta SSC).
Buhoodle is located on the border between Somalia and Ethiopia. It is serves as a commercial hub for the movement of goods to and from Bosaso, Garowe, Las Anod, Galkayo, Wardheer, Burao, the surrounding area, and the Ogaden. The city is rich in livestock as well as agriculture, and has grow considerably since 1993. Today, Buuhoodle has modern communication systems such as cell phones, land-line phones, and internet services. It also has modern hotels, as well as a new hospital constructed in 2008. Additionally, a water supply network was built in 2010 by young local residents.
Buhoodle and its environs are disputed by the Puntland and Somaliland autonomous macro-regions of Somalia. Somaliland forces, backed up by Ethiopian soldiers, entered the town on 15 May 2010, to clear the way for the upcoming Somaliland elections. The forces clashed with local militia, leaving at least 13 dead on 33 wounded. Conflicts later flared up again the following year, but were eventually resolved in early 2012, with the official withdrawal of Somaliland troops to a 50 km radius of the city's perimeter.
In June 2014, the Puntland government launched a new tree-planting campaign in the state, with the regional Ministry of Environment, Wildlife and Tourism slated to plant 25,000 trees by the end of the year. Buuhoodle is among the seven cities and towns earmarked for the reforestation initiative, which also include Garowe, Bosaso, Qardho, Baran, Dhahar and Galkayo. The campaign is part of a broader partnership between the Puntland authorities and EU to set up various environmental protection measures in the region, with the aim of promoting reforestation and afforestation.
The broader Buuhoodle District has a total population of 38,428 residents. Buuhoodle is primarily inhabited by people from the Somali ethnic group, with the Dhulbahante especially well-represented.
Buuhoodle has a number of academic institutions. According to the Puntland Ministry of Education, there are 12 primary schools in the Buuhoodle District. Among these are H/dh Abu-Bakar Sadiq, H/dh Al-Najax, H/dh Al-Furqan and Qararo. Secondary schools in the area include Howd and Samatar Bahman.
For air transportation, Buuhoodle is served by the Ismail Mire International Airport. It began providing flights to and from the town in April 2014.
- Abdihakim Abdullahi Haji Omar – Vice President of Puntland
- Mohamed Abdullah Hassan – leader of the Dervish State
- Saado Ali Warsame – MP in the Federal Parliament of Somalia
- Somaliland’s Quest for International Recognition and the HBM-SSC Factor
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