Buvuma District

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Buvuma District
Coordinates: 00°14′N 33°16′E / 0.233°N 33.267°E / 0.233; 33.267Coordinates: 00°14′N 33°16′E / 0.233°N 33.267°E / 0.233; 33.267
Country  Uganda
Region Central Uganda
Capital Kitamilo[1]
 • Land 218.3 km2 (84.3 sq mi)
Elevation 1,340 m (4,400 ft)
Population (2012 Estimate)
 • Total 55,300
 • Density 253.3/km2 (656/sq mi)
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)
Website www.buvuma.go.ug

Buvuma District is a district in Central Uganda. The district is coterminous with the Buvuma Islands archipelago in Lake Victoria and does not have territory on mainland Uganda.


Buvuma District is bordered by Jinja District to the north, Mayuge District to the east, the Republic of Tanzania to the south, and Buikwe District to the west and northwest. Kitamilo, the district headquarters is located approximately 30 kilometres (19 mi), across water, south of the city of Jinja, the nearest large metropolitan area.[2] The coordinates of the district are: 00 14N, 33 16E.


Buvuma District is made up of fifty-two scattered islands in the northern part of Lake Victoria. The largest island is called Buvuma, the name adopted by the new district, which was created by Act of Parliament in 2010.[3] Administratively, the district is subdivided into four sub-counties: (a) Bugaya sub-county (b) Busamuzi sub-county (c) Bweema sub-county and (d) Nairambi sub-county.


In 1991, the national population census estimated the population of the district at about 18,500. During the 2002 national census, the population of Buvuma District was estimated at approximately 42,500. In 2012 it was estimated that the population in the district stood at about 55,300.[4]

Economic activities[edit]

The four main activities in the district are: (a) Fishing (b) Tourism (c) Logging and (d) Manufacture of charcoal. Subsistence agriculture is practiced by the inhabitants of the islands. The majority of the islanders depend a lot on fishing. Overfishing is a concern. The district has twenty-six gazetted forest reserves, although many are threatened by unregulated logging and burning to make charcoal. Little livestock farming is practiced in the district, with the majority of livestock consumed locally in the district.[5][6]

Tourist attractions[edit]

Buvuma Island, located in Lake Victoria, a few miles off the mainland, offers splendid beauty through its diverse fauna and flora. It has dense tropical forests with a range of rare bird, animal and plant species. The island has some uncommon and unspoiled sandy beaches. The island has good camping sites.

Although Buvuma is by far the biggest island in the Buvuma Island chain, there are actually 52 islands in all. The most important of which is Lingira Island. It is home to 1,500 people all crowded together versus the spread out population of Buvuma. Lingira also has a clinic which serves the surrounding islands and is the first line treatment for some 20,000 inhabitants of the islands. The clinic was started in 1991 by a German nurse (Ralph Richtsteiger) under an NGO, known as "Youth With A Mission" (YWAM). Although he has since left the islands the clinic is still in operation. They also do mobile child immunization and other community development work.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Headquarters of Buvuma District Located At Kitamilo
  2. ^ "Approximate Travel Distance Between Jinja And Buvuma With Map". Globefeed.com. Retrieved 14 May 2014. 
  3. ^ "Buvuma Islands Travel Guide: Buvuma Islands Overview". Travbuddy.com. Retrieved 14 May 2014. 
  4. ^ "Estimated Population of Buvuma District In 1991, 2002 & 2012". Citypopulation.de. Retrieved 14 May 2014. 
  5. ^ Nangoli, Fred (8 May 2009). "Buvuma the United States of Uganda". New Vision. Retrieved 14 May 2014. 
  6. ^ Musingo, Doren (31 August 2011). "Islanders Told To End Relying On Fishing". New Vision. Retrieved 14 May 2014. 

External links[edit]