A view of the Cape Hatteras Lighthouse from the beach
Watersports are common on both the Pamlico Sound side and the Atlantic Ocean side of the community. Proximity to the convergence of the Labrador Current and the Gulf Stream result in the largest surf available on the East Coast. On the protected soundside of the island, watersports such as windsurfing, kayaking, kiteboarding, and swimming are all readily available and accessible.
'The Hatteras Histories and Mysteries Museum focuses on the possible fate of the inhabitants of the Roanoke Colony, who disappeared around 1587. The privately owned museum was opened in April 2010 by Scott Dawson, a historian and author of the 2009 book Croatoan: Birthplace of America, and it displays 16th century artifacts discovered in 2010 archaeological digs conducted on Hatteras Island, where Dawson theorizes the colonists may have resettled. The museum also displays artifacts from the American Civil War battles at nearby Hatteras Village and Rodanthe in 1861.