Buzău County

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Buzău County
Județul Buzău
County
Coat of arms of Buzău County
Coat of arms
Buzau in Romania.svg
Coordinates: 45°16′N 26°46′E / 45.27°N 26.77°E / 45.27; 26.77Coordinates: 45°16′N 26°46′E / 45.27°N 26.77°E / 45.27; 26.77
Country  Romania
Development region1 Sud-Est
Historic region Muntenia
Capital city (Reședință de județ) Buzău
Government
 • Type County Board
 • President of the County Board Victor Mocanu (PD)
 • Prefect2 Paul Beganu
Area
 • Total 6,103 km2 (2,356 sq mi)
Area rank 17th in Romania
Population (2002)
 • Total 496,214
 • Rank 18th in Romania
 • Density 81/km2 (210/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 12wxyz3
Area code(s) +40 x384
Car Plates BZ5
GDP US$ 3.5 billion (2008)
GDP/capita US$ 7,050 (2008)
Website County Board
County Prefecture
1The developing regions of Romania have no administrative role. They were formed just to attract funds from the European Union
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned to have any political activity in the first six months after the resignation (or exclusion) from the public functionary corps
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county

Buzău (Romanian pronunciation: [buˈzəw]) is a county (județ) of Romania, in the historical region Muntenia, with the capital city at Buzău.

Demographics[edit]

In 2011, it had a population of 432,054 and the population density was 70.7/km².

Year County population[2]
1948 430,225
1956 Increase 465,829
1966 Increase 480,951
1977 Increase 508,424
1992 Increase 516,307
2002 Decrease 496,214
2011 Decrease 432,054

Geography[edit]

This county has a total area of 6,103 km².

In the North Side there are the mountains from the southern end of the Eastern Carpathians group – the Vrancea Mountains and the Buzău Mountains with heights over 1,700 m. The heights decrease in the South and East passing through the subcarpathian hills to the Bărăgan Plain at about 80 m.

The main river crossing the county is the Buzău River which collects many small rivers from the mountains and flows to the East into the Siret River.

Neighbours[edit]

Economy[edit]

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Mechanical components; railway and automotive components
  • Metallurgical parts
  • Glass
  • Food
  • Textiles
  • Wood

The hilly area is well-suited for wines and fruit orchards. Salt and oil are the main resources extracted in the county.

Tourism[edit]

The Măgura sculpture camp

The main touristical destinantions are:

Administrative divisions[edit]

Buzău County has 2 municipalities, 3 towns and 82 communes.

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația după etnie"
  2. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 și 2002"

External links[edit]