Bulgari

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For the Romanian village, see Sălăţig.
For the instrument, see Bulgari (instrument).
Bulgari S.p.A.
Type Privately held società per azioni
Industry Luxury goods
Founded 1884
Founders Sotirios Voulgaris
Headquarters Rome, Italy
Key people Paolo Bulgari (Chairman), Jean-Christophe Babin (CEO)
Products Watches, jewellery, accessories, fragrances, cosmetics
Revenue €1.069 billion (2010)[1]
Operating income €85.3 million (2010)[1]
Profit €38.0 million (2010)[1]
Total assets €1.490 billion (end 2010)[1]
Total equity €934.0 million (end 2010)[1]
Owners LVMH (50,4 %)
Employees 3,815 (end 2010)[1]
Website www.bulgari.com

Bulgari (Italian pronunciation: [ˈbulɡari]) is an Italian jewelry and luxury goods brand that produces and markets several product lines including watches, fragrances, accessories, and hotels.

Etymology[edit]

The trademark is usually written BVLGARI in the classical Latin alphabet, and is derived from the surname of the company's Greek founder, Sotirios Voulgaris (Greek: Σωτήριος Βούλγαρης, Greek pronunciation: [soˈtirjos ˈvulɣaris], Italian: Sotirio Bulgari, 1857–1932). The name Voulgaris itself contains the root word Βούλγαρ Greek for "Bulgarian". In Italian language the word Bulgari means "Bulgarians" or people of Bulgarian descent.[2]

History[edit]

Bulgari shop in Milan, Italy.

Sotirios Voulgaris, born in an Aromanian village known as Kalarites, began his career as a jeweller in his home village Paramythia[3] (Epirus, Greece), where his first store can still be seen. In 1877, he left for Corfu and then Naples. In 1881 he finally moved to Rome, where in 1884 he founded his company and opened his second shop in via Sistina. The store in Via Sistina was then replaced by the current flagship store in via dei Condotti opened in 1905 by Bulgari with the help of his two sons, Costantino (1889–1973) and Giorgio (1890–1966).[citation needed]

A Bulgari shop in Baku

During the Second World War, Costantino Bulgari and his wife Laura hid three Jewish women in their own Roman home. They were strangers to them; the Bulgaris opened their doors out of outrage for the raid of the Roman ghetto in October 1943. For their generous action, on 31 December 2003, they were awarded the title of Righteous among the Nations at Yad Vashem in Jerusalem.[4]

After Giorgio's death in 1966, his son Gianni led the company as co-chief executive with his cousin Marina.[5] As chairman and CEO of Bulgari in the early 1970s, Gianni initiated the internationalization of the company by opening shops in New York, Geneva, Monte-Carlo and Paris. In the late 1970s, Gianni led a complete overhaul of the company, establishing a new watch business and focusing on product design.[6] In 1985, Gianni resigned as CEO and in 1987, he left the family business after selling his one-third stake in the company to his brothers Nicola and Paolo.[7]

Bulgari opened its first international locations in New York City, Paris, Geneva and Monte Carlo in the 1970s. For many years the company maintained a showroom in New York's The Pierre Hotel.

In 1984, Sotirio's grandsons Paolo and Nicola Bulgari were named Chairman and Vice-Chairman of the company and nephew Francesco Trapani was named CEO. Trapani's goal to diversify the company was started in the early 1990s with the release of the Bulgari perfume line. Under his tenure the company has established itself as a luxury goods brand recognized throughout the world.

In 1995, the company was listed on the Borsa Italiana. The company has seen 150% revenue growth between 1997 and 2003.

On 6 March 2011 French luxury group LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton SA announced that it was acquiring Bulgari SpA in an all-share deal for €4.3 billion ($6.01 billion), higher than LVMH had offered for any other company.[8] Under the deal, the Bulgari family sold their 50.4 per cent controlling stake in exchange for 3 per cent of LVMH, thereby becoming the second-biggest family shareholder behind the Arnaults in LVMH.[9] The takeover doubled the size of LVMH’s watches and jewellery unit, which at the time of the acquisition included Tag Heuer timepieces and De Beers diamond necklaces. The acquisition concluded on 4 October 2011 as Bulgari was delisted from the Borsa Italiana.


Bulgari Hotel[edit]

In the beginning of 2001. Bulgari Spa formed a joint venture with Luxury Group - the Luxury Division of Marriott International which also manages The Ritz-Carlton Hotel Company, L.L.C. to launch a new luxury hotel brand, Bulgari Hotels & Resorts. Bulgari opened its first hotel in Milan in 2004, a resort in Bali in 2006, followed by a hotel in London in 2012, with a further hotel scheduled to open in Shanghai[10] in 2015. In 2011, Bulgari Bali has been chosen by the readers of Smart Travel Asia magazine as number-2 of top places to stay in Asia.[11]

Designs[edit]

Bulgari jewelry design is distinctive and often imitated (and counterfeited). In the 1970s, many of the more expensive Bulgari pieces (such as necklaces, bracelets and earrings) were characterized by instantly recognizable, bold, architectural designs combining large and weighty gold links with interlocking steel. Bulgari is also famous for colored stones, especially sapphires mixed in unique formats. Genuine Bulgari watches have a unique serial number that is registered with the company.

Boutiques[edit]

Bulgari relies on a distribution network of about 300 stores, located in the most exclusive shopping areas in the world. The largest Bulgari store in the world is the 10-story Bulgari Ginza Tower in Tokyo, 940 square meters of retail floor space, including a restaurant and lounge bar.


North American Bulgari boutiques and distributors are found in Aspen, Atlanta, Beverly Hills, Bal Harbour, Boca Raton, Bethesda - (Chevy Chase), Charlotte, Chicago, Costa Mesa, Dallas, Honolulu, Houston, New York, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Mexico City, Cabo San Lucas. Mx, Montreal, Palm Beach, San Francisco, Short Hills, and Scottsdale, Arizona.[12]


South American Bulgari distributors are found in Lima, Bogotá, São Paulo, Margarita island & Quito.

Wristwatches[edit]

The company's Swiss subsidiary, Bulgari Haute Horlogerie SA, is responsible for Bulgari watch production. It was founded in 1980 and is headquartered in Neuchâtel. Bulgari Haute Horlogerie SA employs about 500 people.

Bulgari develops its own calibers and parts, including highly complicated mechanisms and basic calibers. The Bulgari watch collection comprises the following lines: Bulgari-Bulgari, Sotirio-Bulgari, Assioma, Astrale, Serpenti B.Zero1, Daniel Roth, Rettangolo, Ergon, Gérald Genta, Serpenti and Diagono and Octo-.

At BaselWorld 2006, Bulgari unveiled the complicated Assioma Multi Complication watch, equipped with tourbillon, perpetual calendar and second time zone.[13]

Community[edit]

Between 2009 and 2011, Bulgari donated 13 million Euros to Save The Children. By the end of 2011 the partnership was renewed. So far the donation has directly reached 334,101 children, trained 9,899 teachers and provided rehabilitation activities in 206 schools.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Annual Report 2010". Bulgari. Retrieved 19 May 2011. 
  2. ^ "Bulgari". 
  3. ^ "History and pictures from". paramythia-online.gr. Retrieved 2014-06-14. 
  4. ^ Israel Gutman, Bracha Rivlin e Liliana Picciotto, I giusti d'Italia: i non ebrei che salvarono gli ebrei, 1943–45 (Mondadori: Milano 2006), pp. 75–76.
  5. ^ "Bulgari: the man, the enigma". The Age. 8 January 2007. 
  6. ^ "Gianni Bulgari". Enigma. 
  7. ^ "Bulgari S.p.A.". International Directory of Company Histories 106. 2010. 
  8. ^ Andrew Roberts and Tara Lachapelle (7 March 2011), Bulgari Takeover 82% Costlier Than Hermes for LVMH: Real M&A Business Week.
  9. ^ Paul Betts (7 March 2011), Bulgari is new jewel in LVMH crown Financial Times.
  10. ^ "Bvlgari Hotel & Resorts Shanghai 2015, Overview". Bvlgari Hotel & Resorts. Retrieved 14 August 2013. 
  11. ^ "Bali Top Holiday Spot in Asia: Poll". 7 September 2011. 
  12. ^ Scottsdale Fashion Square
  13. ^ "Bulgari Watch Production review". 

External links[edit]