By-elections to the 12th Canadian Parliament

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By-elections to the 12th Canadian Parliament were held to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons between the 1911 federal election and the 1917 federal election. The Conservative Party of Canada led a majority government for the 12th Canadian Parliament.

The list includes Ministerial by-elections which occurred due to the requirement that Members of Parliament recontest their seats upon being appointed to Cabinet. These by-elections were almost always uncontested. This requirement was abolished in 1931.

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Dorchester January 27, 1917 Albert Sévigny      Conservative Albert Sévigny      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minster of Inland Revenue Yes
Toronto East December 14, 1916 Albert Edward Kemp      Conservative Albert Edward Kemp      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minster of Militia and Defence Yes
Hochelaga October 15, 1915 Louis Coderre      Conservative Esioff-Léon Patenaude      Conservative Appointed a judge of the Superior Court of Quebec Yes
Terrebonne February 8, 1915 Wilfrid Bruno Nantel      Conservative Gédéon Rochon      Conservative Appointed a Railway Commissioner Yes
Westmorland February 1, 1915 Henry R. Emmerson      Liberal Arthur Bliss Copp      Liberal Death Yes
Jacques Cartier February 1, 1915 Frederick D. Monk      Conservative Joseph Adélard DesCarries      Conservative Resignation (ill health) Yes
Prince Albert February 1, 1915 James McKay      Conservative Samuel James Donaldson      Conservative Appointed a judge of the Supreme Court of Saskatchewan Yes
London February 1, 1915 George Adam Clare      Conservative Frank Stewart Scott      Conservative Death Yes
Waterloo South February 1, 1915 Thomas Beattie      Conservative William Gray      Conservative Death Yes
Champlain November 7, 1914 Pierre Édouard Blondin      Conservative Pierre Édouard Blondin      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Inland Revenue Yes
Quebec County November 7, 1914 Louis-Philippe Pelletier      Conservative Thomas Chase-Casgrain      Conservative Resignation prior to being appointed a judge Yes
York December 31, 1913 Oswald Smith Crocket      Conservative Harry Fulton McLeod      Conservative Appointed a judge of the Supreme Court of New Brunswick Yes
Lanark South December 13, 1913 John Graham Haggart      Conservative Adelbert Edward Hanna      Conservative Death Yes
Macdonald December 13, 1913 Alexander Morrison      Conservative Alexander Morrison      Conservative Election declared void Yes
Bruce South October 30, 1913 James J. Donnelly      Conservative Reuben Eldridge Truax      Liberal Called to the Senate No
Middlesex East October 21, 1913 Peter Elson      Conservative Samuel Francis Glass      Conservative Death Yes
Châteauguay October 11, 1913 James Pollock Brown      Liberal James Morris      Conservative Death No
Portage la Prairie July 19, 1913 Arthur Meighen      Conservative Arthur Meighen      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Solicitor General Yes
Hochelaga November 19, 1912 Louis Coderre      Conservative Louis Coderre      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Secretary of State for Canada Yes
Carleton October 30, 1912 Edward Kidd      Conservative William Foster Garland      Conservative Death Yes
Richelieu October 24, 1912 Pierre-Joseph-Arthur Cardin      Liberal Pierre-Joseph-Arthur Cardin      Liberal Election declared void Yes
Macdonald October 12, 1912 William D. Staples      Conservative Alexander Morrison      Conservative Appointed Grain Commissioner for Canada Yes
Simcoe South June 10, 1912 Haughton Lennox      Conservative William Alves Boys      Conservative Appointed a judge Yes
Kootenay May 30, 1912 Arthur Samuel Goodeve      Conservative Robert Francis Green      Conservative Appointed a Railway Commissioner Yes
Renfrew South February 22, 1912 Thomas Andrew Low      Liberal George Perry Graham      Liberal Resignation Yes
Nipissing November 8, 1911 George Gordon      Conservative Francis Cochrane      Conservative Called to the Senate Yes
Leeds November 6, 1911 George Taylor      Conservative William Thomas White      Conservative Called to the Senate Yes
Yale—Cariboo November 4, 1911 Martin Burrell      Conservative Martin Burrell      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Agriculture Yes
Halifax October 27, 1911 Robert Borden      Conservative Robert Borden      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Prime Minister Yes
Elgin West October 27, 1911 Thomas Wilson Crothers      Conservative Thomas Wilson Crothers      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Labour Yes
St. Anne October 27, 1911 Charles Doherty      Conservative Charles Doherty      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Justice Yes
Toronto North October 27, 1911 George Eulas Foster      Conservative George Eulas Foster      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Trade and Commerce Yes
City and County of St. John October 27, 1911 John Waterhouse Daniel      Conservative John Douglas Hazen      Conservative Resignation to provide a seat for Hazen Yes
Victoria October 27, 1911 Samuel Hughes      Liberal-Conservative Samuel Hughes      Liberal-Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Militia and Defence Yes
Jacques Cartier October 27, 1911 Frederick Debartzch Monk      Conservative Frederick Debartzch Monk      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Public Works Yes
Terrebonne October 27, 1911 Wilfrid Bruno Nantel      Conservative Wilfrid Bruno Nantel      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Inland Revenue Yes
Quebec County October 27, 1911 Louis-Philippe Pelletier      Conservative Louis-Philippe Pelletier      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Postmaster-General Yes
Grenville October 27, 1911 John Dowsley Reid      Conservative John Dowsley Reid      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Customs Yes
Marquette October 27, 1911 William James Roche      Conservative William James Roche      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Secretary of State for Canada Yes
Winnipeg October 27, 1911 Alexander Haggart      Conservative Robert Rogers      Conservative Resignation to provide a seat for Rogers Yes


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