List of federal by-elections in Canada

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This is a list of by-elections in Canada since Confederation. The list includes Ministerial by-elections which occurred due to the requirement that Members of Parliament recontest their seats upon being appointed to Cabinet. These by-elections were almost always uncontested. This requirement was abolished in 1931.[1]

Notable by-election upsets in Canadian history include the 1949 by-election in Kamouraska where the Liberals, who had won the riding by a 55.8 percentage point margin in the previous general election, were defeated by the Independent Liberal candidate in the by-election; the 1943 Cartier by-election which the Liberals lost to the Labor-Progressive Party's Fred Rose; Deborah Grey's 1989 by-election victory in Beaver River in which she won the Reform Party of Canada's first seat, and Gilles Duceppe's 1990 upset by-election victory in Laurier—Sainte-Marie on behalf of the newly formed Bloc Québécois.[2]

41st Parliament (2011–present)[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Whitby—Oshawa 2014 Jim Flaherty      Conservative      TBD Death (heart attack)
Scarborough—Agincourt June 30, 2014 Jim Karygiannis      Liberal Arnold Chan      Liberal Resigned to run for Toronto City Council. Yes
Trinity—Spadina June 30, 2014 Olivia Chow      NDP Adam Vaughan      Liberal Resigned to run for Mayor of Toronto. No
Fort McMurray—Athabasca June 30, 2014 Brian Jean      Conservative David Yurdiga      Conservative Resigned to return to private life. Yes
Macleod June 30, 2014 Ted Menzies      Conservative John Barlow      Conservative Resigned to accept a position in the private sector. Yes
Brandon—Souris November 25, 2013 Merv Tweed      Conservative Larry Maguire      Conservative Resigned to join private sector. Yes
Toronto Centre November 25, 2013 Bob Rae      Liberal Chrystia Freeland      Liberal Resigned to become First Nations negotiator in Ontario. Yes
Provencher November 25, 2013 Vic Toews      Conservative Ted Falk      Conservative Resigned to spend more time with his family and join the private sector. Yes
Bourassa November 25, 2013 Denis Coderre      Liberal Emmanuel Dubourg      Liberal Resigned to run for Mayor of Montreal. Yes
Labrador May 13, 2013 Peter Penashue      Conservative Yvonne Jones      Liberal Resigned to run again in a by-election following election spending concerns. No
Victoria November 26, 2012 Denise Savoie      NDP Murray Rankin NDP Resignation due to illness Yes
Durham November 26, 2012 Bev Oda      Conservative Erin O'Toole Conservative Resignation Yes
Calgary Centre November 26, 2012 Lee Richardson      Conservative Joan Crockatt Conservative Resigned to work in the office of the Premier of Alberta. Yes
Toronto—Danforth March 19, 2012 Jack Layton      NDP Craig Scott      NDP Death (cancer) Yes

40th Parliament (2008–2011)[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Vaughan November 29, 2010 Maurizio Bevilacqua      Liberal Julian Fantino      Conservative Resignation No
Dauphin—Swan River—Marquette November 29, 2010 Inky Mark      Conservative Robert Sopuck      Conservative Resignation Yes
Winnipeg North November 29, 2010 Judy Wasylycia-Leis      NDP Kevin Lamoureux      Liberal Resignation No
Cumberland—Colchester—Musquodoboit Valley November 9, 2009 Bill Casey      Independent Scott Armstrong      Conservative Resignation No
Hochelaga November 9, 2009 Réal Ménard      Bloc Québécois Daniel Paillé      Bloc Québécois Resignation Yes
Montmagny—L'Islet—Kamouraska—Rivière-du-Loup November 9, 2009 Paul Crête      Bloc Québécois Bernard Généreux      Conservative Resignation No
New Westminster—Coquitlam November 9, 2009 Dawn Black      NDP Fin Donnelly      NDP Resignation Yes

39th Parliament (2006–2008)[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Toronto Centre March 17, 2008 Bill Graham      Liberal Bob Rae      Liberal Resignation Yes
Willowdale March 17, 2008 Jim Peterson      Liberal Martha Hall Findlay      Liberal Resignation Yes
Vancouver Quadra March 17, 2008 Stephen Owen      Liberal Joyce Murray      Liberal Resignation Yes
Desnethé—Missinippi—Churchill River March 17, 2008 Gary Merasty      Liberal Rob Clarke      Conservative Resignation No
Outremont September 17, 2007 Jean Lapierre      Liberal Thomas Mulcair      NDP Resignation No
Saint-Hyacinthe—Bagot September 17, 2007 Yvan Loubier      Bloc Québécois Ève-Mary Thaï Thi Lac      Bloc Québécois Resignation Yes
Roberval—Lac-Saint-Jean September 17, 2007 Michel Gauthier      Bloc Québécois Denis Lebel      Conservative Resignation No
London North Centre November 27, 2006 Joe Fontana      Liberal Glen Pearson      Liberal Resignation Yes
Repentigny November 27, 2006 Benoît Sauvageau      Bloc Québécois Raymond Gravel      Bloc Québécois Death
(car accident)
Yes

38th Parliament (2004–2006)[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Labrador May 24, 2005 Lawrence O'Brien      Liberal Todd Russell      Liberal Death (cancer) Yes

37th Parliament (2000–2004)[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Lévis-et-Chutes-de-la-Chaudière June 16, 2003 Antoine Dubé      Bloc Québécois Christian Jobin      Liberal Resignation No
Témiscamingue June 16, 2003 Pierre Brien      Bloc Québécois Gilbert Barrette      Liberal Resignation No
Perth—Middlesex May 12, 2003 John Richardson      Liberal Gary Schellenberger      Progressive Conservative Resignation No
Berthier—Montcalm December 9, 2002 Michel Bellehumeur      Bloc Québécois Roger Gaudet      Bloc Québécois Resignation Yes
Lac-Saint-Jean—Saguenay December 9, 2002 Stéphan Tremblay      Bloc Québécois Sébastien Gagnon      Bloc Québécois Resignation Yes
Calgary Southwest May 13, 2002 Preston Manning      Canadian Alliance Stephen Harper      Canadian Alliance Resignation Yes
Saint Boniface May 13, 2002 Ron Duhamel      Liberal Raymond Simard      Liberal Appointed to the Senate Yes
Bonavista—Trinity—Conception May 13, 2002 Brian Tobin      Liberal John Efford      Liberal Resignation Yes
Gander—Grand Falls May 13, 2002 George Baker      Liberal Rex Barnes      Progressive Conservative Appointed to the Senate No
Windsor West May 13, 2002 Herb Gray      Liberal Brian Masse      New Democratic Party Appointed Chair of the Canadian Section of the International Joint Commission No
Saint-Léonard—Saint-Michel May 13, 2002 Alfonso Gagliano      Liberal Massimo Pacetti      Liberal Appointed Ambassador to Denmark Yes
Verdun—Saint-Henri—Saint-Paul—Pointe Saint-Charles May 13, 2002 Raymond Lavigne      Liberal Liza Frulla      Liberal Appointed to the Senate Yes

36th Parliament (1997–2000)[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Okanagan—Coquihalla September 11, 2000 Jim Hart      Canadian Alliance Stockwell Day      Canadian Alliance Resignation to provide a seat for Day Yes
Kings—Hants September 11, 2000 Scott Brison      Progressive Conservative Joe Clark      Progressive Conservative Resignation to provide a seat for Clark Yes
St. John's West May 15, 2000 Charlie Power      Progressive Conservative Loyola Hearn      Progressive Conservative Resignation Yes
York West November 15, 1999 Sergio Marchi      Liberal Judy Sgro      Liberal Resignation Yes
Hull—Aylmer November 15, 1999 Marcel Massé      Liberal Marcel Proulx      Liberal Resignation Yes
Mount Royal November 15, 1999 Sheila Finestone      Liberal Irwin Cotler      Liberal Resignation Yes
Saskatoon—Rosetown—Biggar November 15, 1999 Chris Axworthy      New Democratic Party Dennis Gruending      New Democratic Party Resignation Yes
Windsor—St. Clair April 12, 1999 Shaughnessy Cohen      Liberal Rick Limoges      Liberal Death (cerebral hemorrhage) Yes
Sherbrooke September 14, 1998 Jean Charest      Progressive Conservative Serge Cardin      Bloc Québécois Resignation No
Port Moody—Coquitlam March 30, 1998 Sharon Hayes      Reform Lou Sekora      Liberal Resignation No


35th Parliament (1994–1997)[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Hamilton East June 17, 1996 Sheila Copps      Liberal Sheila Copps      Liberal Resignation Yes
Humber—St. Barbe—Baie Verte March 25, 1996 Brian Tobin      Liberal Gerry Byrne      Liberal Resignation Yes
Labrador March 25, 1996 Bill Rompkey      Liberal Lawrence O'Brien      Liberal Resignation Yes
Etobicoke North March 25, 1996 Roy MacLaren      Liberal Roy Cullen      Liberal Resignation Yes
Lac-Saint-Jean March 25, 1996 Lucien Bouchard      Bloc Québécois Stéphan Tremblay      Bloc Québécois Resignation Yes
Papineau—Saint-Michel March 25, 1996 André Ouellet      Liberal Pierre Pettigrew      Liberal Resignation Yes
Saint-Laurent—Cartierville March 25, 1996 Shirley Maheu      Liberal Stéphane Dion      Liberal Called to the Senate Yes
Ottawa—Vanier February 13, 1995 Jean-Robert Gauthier      Liberal Mauril Bélanger      Liberal Resignation Yes
Brome—Missisquoi February 13, 1995 Gaston Péloquin      Bloc Québécois Denis Paradis      Liberal Death (car accident) No
Saint-Henri—Westmount February 13, 1995 David Berger      Liberal Lucienne Robillard      Liberal Resignation Yes


34th Parliament (1988–1993)[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Beauséjour December 10, 1990 Fernand Robichaud      Liberal Jean Chrétien      Liberal Resignation to provide a seat for Chrétien Yes
York North December 10, 1990 Maurizio Bevilacqua      Liberal Maurizio Bevilacqua      Liberal Election declared void Yes
Oshawa August 13, 1990 Ed Broadbent      New Democratic Party Mike Breaugh      New Democratic Party Resignation Yes
Laurier—Sainte-Marie August 13, 1990 Jean-Claude Malépart      Liberal Gilles Duceppe      Independent Death No
Chambly February 12, 1990 Richard Grisé      Progressive Conservative Phil Edmonston      New Democratic Party Resignation No
Beaver River March 13, 1989 John Dahmer      Progressive Conservative Deborah Grey      Reform Death (cancer) No


33rd Parliament (1984–1988)[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Lac-Saint-Jean June 20, 1988 Clément Côté      Progressive Conservative Lucien Bouchard      Progressive Conservative Resignation Yes
St. John's East July 20, 1987 James A. McGrath      Progressive Conservative Jack Harris      New Democratic Party Resignation No
Hamilton Mountain July 20, 1987 Ian Deans      New Democratic Party Marion Dewar      New Democratic Party Resignation Yes
Yukon July 20, 1987 Erik Nielsen      Progressive Conservative Audrey McLaughlin      New Democratic Party Resignation No
Pembina September 29, 1986 Peter Elzinga      Progressive Conservative Walter van de Walle      Progressive Conservative Resignation Yes
Saint-Maurice September 29, 1986 Jean Chrétien      Liberal Gilles Grondin      Liberal Resignation Yes


32nd Parliament (1980–1984)[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Mission—Port Moody August 29, 1983 Mark Rose      New Democratic Party Gerry St. Germain      Progressive Conservative Resignation No
Central Nova August 29, 1983 Elmer M. MacKay      Progressive Conservative Brian Mulroney      Progressive Conservative Resignation to provide a seat for Mulroney Yes
Brandon—Souris May 24, 1983 Walter Dinsdale      Progressive Conservative Lee Clark      Progressive Conservative Death (kidney failure) Yes
Broadview—Greenwood October 12, 1982 Bob Rae      New Democratic Party Lynn McDonald      New Democratic Party Resignation Yes
Leeds—Grenville October 12, 1982 Tom Cossitt      Progressive Conservative Jennifer Cossitt      Progressive Conservative Death (heart attack) Yes
Timiskaming October 12, 1982 Bruce Lonsdale      Liberal John A. MacDougall      Progressive Conservative Death (car accident) No
Spadina August 17, 1981 Peter Stollery      Liberal Dan Heap      New Democratic Party Called to the Senate No
Joliette August 17, 1981 Roch La Salle      Progressive Conservative Roch La Salle      Progressive Conservative Resignation Yes
Lévis May 4, 1981 Raynald Guay      Liberal Gaston Gourde      Liberal Resignation Yes
London West April 13, 1981 Judd Buchanan      Liberal Jack Burghardt      Liberal Resignation Yes
Cardigan April 13, 1981 Daniel J. MacDonald      Liberal W. Bennett Campbell      Liberal Death Yes
Hamilton West September 8, 1980 Lincoln Alexander      Progressive Conservative Stan Hudecki      Liberal Resignation No


31st Parliament (1979)[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Prince Albert November 19, 1979 John Diefenbaker      Progressive Conservative Stan Hovdebo      New Democratic Party Death No
Burin—St. George's September 19, 1979 Don Jamieson      Liberal Roger Simmons      Liberal Resignation Yes


30th Parliament (1974–1979)[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Burnaby—Richmond—Delta October 16, 1978 John Reynolds      Progressive Conservative Tom Siddon      Progressive Conservative Resignation Yes
St. Boniface October 16, 1978 Joseph-P. Guay      Liberal Jack Hare      Progressive Conservative Resignation No
Fundy—Royal October 16, 1978 Gordon Fairweather      Progressive Conservative Robert Corbett      Progressive Conservative Resignation Yes
Humber—St. George's—St. Barbe October 16, 1978 Jack Marshall      Progressive Conservative Fonse Faour      New Democratic Party Resignation No
Halifax—East Hants October 16, 1978 Bob McCleave      Progressive Conservative Howard Edward Crosby      Progressive Conservative Resignation Yes
Broadview October 16, 1978 John Gilbert      New Democratic Party Bob Rae      New Democratic Party Resignation Yes
Eglinton October 16, 1978 Mitchell Sharp      Liberal Rob Parker      Progressive Conservative Resignation No
Hamilton—Wentworth October 16, 1978 Sean O'Sullivan      Progressive Conservative Geoff Scott      Progressive Conservative Resignation Yes
Ottawa Centre October 16, 1978 Hugh Poulin      Liberal Robert de Cotret      Progressive Conservative Resignation No
Parkdale October 16, 1978 Stan Haidasz      Liberal Yuri Shymko      Progressive Conservative Resignation No
Rosedale October 16, 1978 Donald S. Macdonald      Liberal David Crombie      Progressive Conservative Resignation No
York—Scarborough October 16, 1978 Robert Stanbury      Liberal W. Paul McCrossan      Progressive Conservative Resignation No
Lotbinière October 16, 1978 André Fortin      Social Credit Richard Janelle      Social Credit Death Yes
Saint-Hyacinthe October 16, 1978 Claude Wagner      Progressive Conservative Marcel Ostiguy      Liberal Resignation No
Westmount October 16, 1978 Bud Drury      Liberal Don Johnston      Liberal Resignation Yes
Malpeque May 24, 1977 J. Angus MacLean      Progressive Conservative Donald Wood      Liberal Resignation No
Langelier May 24, 1977 Jean Marchand      Liberal Gilles Lamontagne      Liberal Resignation Yes
Louis-Hébert May 24, 1977 Albanie Morin      Liberal Dennis Dawson      Liberal Death Yes
Témiscamingue May 24, 1977 Réal Caouette      Social Credit Gilles Caouette      Social Credit Death Yes
Terrebonne May 24, 1977 Joseph-Roland Comtois      Liberal Joseph-Roland Comtois      Liberal Resignation Yes
Verdun May 24, 1977 Bryce Mackasey      Liberal Raymond Savard      Liberal Resignation Yes
St. John's West October 18, 1976 Walter Carter      Progressive Conservative John C. Crosbie      Progressive Conservative Resignation Yes
Ottawa—Carleton October 18, 1976 John Turner      Liberal Jean Pigott      Progressive Conservative Resignation No
Restigouche October 14, 1975 Jean-Eudes Dubé      Liberal Maurice Harquail      Liberal Resignation Yes
Hochelaga October 14, 1975 Gérard Pelletier      Liberal Jacques Lavoie      Progressive Conservative Resignation No


29th Parliament (1973–1974)[edit]

The Liberal Party of Canada formed a minority government for the 29th Canadian Parliament. No by-elections were held during this Parliament; two seats became vacant during the life of the Parliament, but both remained vacant when the 1974 federal election was called.

28th Parliament (1968–1972)[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Assiniboia November 8, 1971 Albert B. Douglas      Liberal Bill Knight      New Democratic Party Death No
Central Nova May 31, 1971 Russell MacEwan      Progressive Conservative Elmer M. MacKay      Progressive Conservative Resignation Yes
Brant May 31, 1971 James E. Brown      Liberal Derek Blackburn      New Democratic Party Appointed a judge No
Chambly May 31, 1971 Bernard Pilon      Liberal Yvon L'Heureux      Liberal Death Yes
Trois-Rivières May 31, 1971 Joseph-Alfred Mongrain      Liberal Claude Lajoie      Liberal Death Yes
Lisgar November 6, 1970 George Muir      Progressive Conservative Jack Murta      Progressive Conservative Death Yes
Frontenac November 6, 1970 Bernard Dumont      Ralliement Créditiste Léopold Corriveau      Liberal Resignation No
Labelle November 6, 1970 Léo Cadieux      Liberal Maurice Dupras      Liberal Appointed Ambassador to France Yes
Selkirk April 13, 1970 Edward Schreyer      New Democratic Party Doug Rowland      New Democratic Party Resignation Yes
Comox—Alberni April 8, 1969 Richard J. J. Durante      Liberal Thomas Speakman Barnett      New Democratic Party Election declared void No
Nanaimo—Cowichan—The Islands February 10, 1969 Colin Cameron      New Democratic Party Tommy C. Douglas      New Democratic Party Death Yes


27th Parliament (1965–1968)[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Jasper—Edson November 6, 1967 Hugh Horner      Progressive Conservative Douglas Caston      Progressive Conservative Resignation Yes
Bonavista—Twillingate November 6, 1967 Jack Pickersgill      Liberal Charles Ronald Granger      Liberal Resignation Yes
Colchester—Hants November 6, 1967 Cyril F. Kennedy      Progressive Conservative Robert L. Stanfield      Progressive Conservative Resignation to provide a seat for Stanfield Yes
Sudbury May 29, 1967 Rodger Mitchell      Liberal Bud Germa      New Democratic Party Death No
Hull May 29, 1967 Alexis Caron      Liberal Pierre Caron      Liberal Death Yes
Outremont—St-Jean May 29, 1967 Maurice Lamontagne      Liberal Aurélien Noël      Liberal Resignation Yes
Papineau May 29, 1967 Guy Favreau      Liberal André Ouellet      Liberal Resignation Yes
Richelieu—Verchères May 29, 1967 Lucien Cardin      Liberal Jacques-R. Tremblay      Liberal Resignation Yes
Burin—Burgeo September 19, 1966 Chesley W. Carter      Liberal Don Jamieson      Liberal Called to the Senate Yes
Grand Falls—White Bay—Labrador September 19, 1966 Charles Ronald Granger      Liberal Andrew Chatwood      Liberal Resignation Yes
Nicolet—Yamaska September 19, 1966 Clément Vincent      Progressive Conservative Florian Coté      Liberal Resignation No


26th Parliament (1963–1965)[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Westmorland November 9, 1964 Sherwood Rideout      Liberal Margaret Rideout      Liberal Death Yes
Waterloo South November 9, 1964 Gordon Chaplin      Progressive Conservative Max Saltsman      New Democratic Party Death No
Nipissing June 22, 1964 Jack Garland      Liberal Carl Legault      Liberal Death Yes
Saskatoon June 22, 1964 Henry Frank Jones      Progressive Conservative Eloise Jones      Progressive Conservative Death Yes
Laurier February 10, 1964 Lionel Chevrier      Liberal Fernand-E. Leblanc      Liberal Resignation Yes
Saint-Denis February 10, 1964 Azellus Denis      Liberal Marcel Prud'Homme      Liberal Resignation Yes


25th Parliament (1962–1963)[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Burnaby—Coquitlam October 22, 1962 Erhart Regier      New Democratic Party Tommy Douglas      New Democratic Party Resignation to provide a seat for Douglas Yes


24th Parliament (1958–1962)[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Esquimalt—Saanich May 29, 1961 George Pearkes      Progressive Conservative George Chatterton      Progressive Conservative Appointed Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia Yes
Restigouche—Madawaska May 29, 1961 Joseph Charles Van Horne      Progressive Conservative Edgar-E. Fournier      Progressive Conservative Resignation Yes
Leeds May 29, 1961 Hayden Stanton      Progressive Conservative John Ross Matheson      Liberal Death No
King's May 29, 1961 John Augustine Macdonald      Progressive Conservative Margaret Mary Macdonald      Progressive Conservative Death Yes
Royal October 31, 1960 Alfred J. Brooks      Progressive Conservative Hugh John Flemming      Progressive Conservative Called to the Senate Yes
Niagara Falls October 31, 1960 William Houck      Liberal Judy LaMarsh      Liberal Death Yes
Peterborough October 31, 1960 Gordon K. Fraser      Progressive Conservative Walter Pitman      New Party Death No
Labelle October 31, 1960 Henri Courtemanche      Progressive Conservative Gaston Clermont      Liberal Called to the Senate No
Hastings—Frontenac October 5, 1959 Sidney Earle Smith      Progressive Conservative Rod Webb      Progressive Conservative Death Yes
Russell October 5, 1959 Joseph-Omer Gour      Liberal Paul Tardif      Liberal Death Yes
Springfield December 15, 1958 Val Yacula      Progressive Conservative Joe Slogan      Progressive Conservative Death Yes
Trinity December 15, 1958 Edward R. Lockyer      Progressive Conservative Paul Hellyer      Liberal Death No
Grenville—Dundas September 29, 1958 A. Clair Casselman      Progressive Conservative Jean Casselman      Progressive Conservative Death Yes
Montmagny—L'Islet September 29, 1958 Jean Lesage      Liberal Louis Fortin      Progressive Conservative Resigned to enter provincial politics in Quebec No


23rd Parliament (1957–1958)[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Yukon December 16, 1957 James Aubrey Simmons      Liberal Erik Nielsen      Progressive Conservative Election declared void No
Hastings—Frontenac November 4, 1957 George Stanley White      Progressive Conservative Sidney Earle Smith      Progressive Conservative Called to the Senate Yes
Lanark August 26, 1957 William G. Blair      Progressive Conservative George H. Doucett      Progressive Conservative Death Yes


22nd Parliament (1953–1957)[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Saint-Jean—Iberville—Napierville December 19, 1955 Alcide Côté      Liberal J.-Armand Ménard      Liberal Death Yes
Spadina October 24, 1955 David A. Croll      Liberal Charles E. Rea      Progressive Conservative Called to the Senate No
Restigouche—Madawaska September 26, 1955 Joseph-Gaspard Boucher      Liberal Joseph Charles Van Horne      Progressive Conservative Death No
Bellechasse September 26, 1955 L.-Philippe Picard      Liberal Ovide Laflamme      Liberal Resignation Yes
Quebec South September 26, 1955 Charles G. Power      Liberal Frank G. Power      Liberal Called to the Senate Yes
Témiscouata September 26, 1955 Jean-François Pouliot      Liberal Jean-Paul St-Laurent      Liberal Called to the Senate Yes
Battle River—Camrose June 20, 1955 Robert Fair      Social Credit James A. Smith      Social Credit Death Yes
Selkirk November 8, 1954 Robert James Wood      Liberal Scottie Bryce      C. C. F. Death No
Stormont November 8, 1954 Lionel Chevrier      Liberal Albert Peter Lavigne      Liberal Appointed President of the St. Lawrence Seaway Authority Yes
Trinity November 8, 1954 Lionel Conacher      Liberal Donald D. Carrick      Liberal Death Yes
York West November 8, 1954 Rodney Adamson      Progressive Conservative John B. Hamilton      Progressive Conservative Death Yes
Saint-Antoine—Westmount November 8, 1954 Douglas Charles Abbott      Liberal George C. Marler      Liberal Appointed a Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada Yes
St. Lawrence—St. George November 8, 1954 Brooke Claxton      Liberal Claude Richardson      Liberal Resignation Yes
Elgin March 22, 1954 Charles Delmer Coyle      Progressive Conservative James A. McBain      Progressive Conservative Death Yes
Peel March 22, 1954 Gordon Graydon      Progressive Conservative John Pallett      Progressive Conservative Death Yes
Gatineau March 22, 1954 Joseph-Célestin Nadon      Liberal Rodolphe Leduc      Liberal Death Yes
Verdun March 22, 1954 Paul-Émile Côté      Liberal Yves Leduc      Liberal Appointed a Superior Court Judge of Quebec Yes


21st Parliament (1949–1953)[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Outremont—St-Jean October 6, 1952 Édouard-G. Rinfret      Liberal Romuald Bourque      Liberal Appointed a Judge of the Court of Queen's Bench of Quebec Yes
Richelieu—Verchères October 6, 1952 Gérard Cournoyer      Liberal Lucien Cardin      Liberal Resignation Yes
Ontario May 26, 1952 Walter Cunningham Thomson      Liberal Michael Starr      Progressive Conservative Resignation No
Gloucester May 26, 1952 Clovis-Thomas Richard      Liberal Albany M. Robichaud      Progressive Conservative Resignation No
Victoria—Carleton May 26, 1952 Heber Harold Hatfield      Progressive Conservative Gage W. Montgomery      Progressive Conservative Death Yes
Brome—Missisquoi May 26, 1952 Henri A. Gosselin      Liberal Joseph-Léon Deslières      Liberal Death Yes
Roberval May 26, 1952 Joseph-Alfred Dion      Liberal Paul-Henri Spence      Progressive Conservative Appointed a Superior Court Judge of Quebec No
Waterloo North May 26, 1952 Louis Orville Breithaupt      Liberal Norman C. Schneider      Liberal Appointed Lieutenant Governor of Ontario Yes
Calgary West December 10, 1951 Arthur LeRoy Smith      Progressive Conservative Carl Olof Nickle      Progressive Conservative Resignation Yes
Brandon June 25, 1951 James Ewen Matthews      Liberal Walter Dinsdale      Progressive Conservative Death No
Queen's June 25, 1951 J. Lester Douglas      Liberal J. Angus MacLean      Progressive Conservative Death No
Waterloo South June 25, 1951 Karl Homuth      Progressive Conservative Howie Meeker      Progressive Conservative Death Yes
Winnipeg South Centre June 25, 1951 Ralph Maybank      Liberal Gordon Churchill      Progressive Conservative Resignation No
Rimouski October 16, 1950 Gleason Belzile      Liberal Joseph-Hervé Rousseau      Independent Liberal Death No
St. Mary October 16, 1950 Gaspard Fauteux      Liberal Hector Dupuis      Liberal Resignation Yes
Welland October 16, 1950 Humphrey Mitchell      Liberal William H. McMillan      Liberal Death Yes
Joliette—L'Assomption—Montcalm October 3, 1950 Georges-Émile Lapalme      Liberal Maurice Breton      Liberal Resignation Yes
Annapolis—Kings June 19, 1950 Angus Alexander Elderkin      Liberal George Clyde Nowlan      Progressive Conservative Election declared void No
Cartier June 19, 1950 Maurice Hartt      Liberal Leon David Crestohl      Liberal Death Yes
Halifax June 19, 1950 Gordon B. Isnor      Liberal Sam Balcom      Liberal Called to the Senate Yes
Broadview May 15, 1950 Thomas Langton Church      Progressive Conservative George Hees      Progressive Conservative Death Yes
Hamilton West May 15, 1950 Colin W. G. Gibson      Liberal Ellen Fairclough      Progressive Conservative Appointed a Judge of the Supreme Court of Ontario No
Gatineau October 24, 1949 Léon-Joseph Raymond      Liberal Joseph-Célestin Nadon      Liberal Appointed Clerk of the House of Commons Yes
Kamouraska October 24, 1949 Eugène Marquis      Liberal Arthur Massé[3]      Independent Liberal Appointed a Superior Court Judge of Quebec No
Laurier October 24, 1949 Ernest Bertrand      Liberal J.-Eugène Lefrancois      Liberal Appointed a Judge of the Court of King's Bench of Quebec Yes
Mercier October 24, 1949 Joseph Jean      Liberal Marcel Monette      Liberal Appointed a Judge of the Supreme Court of the District of Montreal Yes
Greenwood October 24, 1949 J. Ernest McMillin      Progressive Conservative James Macdonnell      Progressive Conservative Death Yes
New Westminster October 24, 1949 Tom Reid      Liberal William Malcolm Mott      Liberal Called to the Senate Yes
Restigouche—Madawaska October 24, 1949 Benoît Michaud      Liberal Paul-Léon Dubé      Independent Liberal Death No
Jacques Cartier October 4, 1949 Elphège Marier      Liberal Edgar Leduc      Independent Appointed a Superior Court Judge of Quebec No


20th Parliament (1945–1949)[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Nicolet—Yamaska February 7, 1949 Lucien Dubois      Independent Liberal Renaud Chapdelaine      Progressive Conservative Death No
Carleton December 20, 1948 G. Russell Boucher      Progressive Conservative George A. Drew      Progressive Conservative Resignation to provide a seat for Drew Yes
Laval—Two Mountains December 20, 1948 Liguori Lacombe      Independent Léopold Demers      Liberal Resignation No
Marquette December 20, 1948 James Allison Glen      Liberal Stuart Sinclair Garson      Liberal Resignation Yes
Digby—Annapolis—Kings December 13, 1948 James Lorimer Ilsley      Liberal George Clyde Nowlan      Progressive Conservative Resignation No
Algoma East October 25, 1948 Thomas Farquhar      Liberal Lester B. Pearson      Liberal Called to the Senate Yes
Rosthern October 25, 1948 Walter Adam Tucker      Liberal William Albert Boucher      Liberal Resignation Yes
Ontario June 8, 1948 W. E. N. Sinclair      Liberal Arthur Henry Williams      C. C. F. Death No
Vancouver Centre June 8, 1948 Ian Alistair Mackenzie      Liberal Rodney Young      C. C. F. Called to the Senate No
Yale May 31, 1948 Grote Stirling      Progressive Conservative Owen Lewis Jones      C. C. F. Resignation No
York—Sunbury October 20, 1947 H. Francis G. Bridges      Liberal Milton Gregg      Liberal Death Yes
Halifax July 14, 1947 William Chisholm Macdonald      Liberal John Dickey      Liberal Death Yes
Cartier March 31, 1947 Fred Rose      Labour Progressive Maurice Hartt      Liberal Seat declared vacant by resolution of the House of Commons No
Richelieu—Verchères December 23, 1946 Pierre-Joseph-Arthur Cardin      Independent Gérard Cournoyer      Liberal Death No
Parkdale October 21, 1946 Herbert A. Bruce      Progressive Conservative Harold Timmins      Progressive Conservative Resignation Yes
Portage la Prairie October 21, 1946 Harry Leader      Liberal Calvert Charlton Miller      Progressive Conservative Death No
Pontiac September 16, 1946 Wallace Reginald McDonald      Liberal Réal Caouette      Social Credit Death No
Glengarry August 6, 1945 William B. MacDiarmid      Liberal William Lyon Mackenzie King      Liberal Resignation to provide a seat for Mackenzie King Yes


19th Parliament (1940–1945)[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Grey North February 5, 1945 William Pattison Telford, Jr.      Liberal W. Garfield Case      Progressive Conservative Resignation to provide a seat for Andrew McNaughton No
Cartier August 9, 1943 Peter Bercovitch      Liberal Fred Rose      Labour Progressive Death No
Stanstead August 9, 1943 Robert Greig Davidson      Liberal Joseph-Armand Choquette      Bloc populaire Canadien Election declared void No
Humboldt August 9, 1943 Harry Raymond Fleming      Liberal Joseph William Burton      C. C. F. Death No
Selkirk August 9, 1943 Joseph Thorarinn Thorson      Liberal William Bryce      C. C. F. Appointed President of the Exchequer Court of Canada No
Charlevoix—Saguenay November 30, 1942 Pierre-François Casgrain      Liberal Frédéric Dorion      Independent Appointed a Superior Court Judge of Quebec No
Winnipeg North Centre November 30, 1942 J. S. Woodsworth      C. C. F. Stanley Knowles      C. C. F. Death Yes
Outremont November 30, 1942 Thomas Vien      Liberal Léo Richer Laflèche      Liberal Called to the Senate Yes
St. Mary February 9, 1942 Hermas Deslauriers      Liberal Gaspard Fauteux      Liberal Death Yes
Welland February 9, 1942 Arthur Damude      Liberal Humphrey Mitchell      Liberal Death Yes
York South February 9, 1942 Alan Cockeram      National Government Joseph W. Noseworthy      C. C. F. Resignation to provide a seat for Arthur Meighen No
Quebec East February 9, 1942 Ernest Lapointe      Liberal Louis St. Laurent      Liberal Death Yes
Edmonton East June 2, 1941 Frederick Clayton Casselman      Liberal Cora Taylor Casselman      Liberal Death Yes
Saskatoon City August 19, 1940 Walter George Brown      United Reform Movement Alfred Henry Bence      Conservative Death No
Carleton August 19, 1940 Alonzo Hyndman      National Government George Russell Boucher      Conservative Death Yes
Waterloo North August 19, 1940 William Daum Euler      Liberal Louis Orville Breithaupt      Liberal Called to the Senate Yes
Kingston City August 12, 1940 Norman McLeod Rogers      Liberal Angus Lewis Macdonald      Liberal Death Yes


18th Parliament (1936–1940)[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Prince January 2, 1940 Alfred Edgar MacLean      Liberal James Layton Ralston      Liberal Death Yes
Saskatoon City December 18, 1939 Alexander MacGillivray Young      Liberal Walter George Brown      United Reform Movement Death No
St. James December 18, 1939 Fernand Rinfret      Liberal Eugène Durocher      Liberal Death Yes
Jacques Cartier December 18, 1939 Vital Mallette      Liberal Elphège Marier      Liberal Death Yes
Kent December 11, 1939 James Rutherford      Liberal Arthur Lisle Thompson      Liberal Death Yes
Calgary West September 18, 1939 R. B. Bennett      Conservative Douglas Cunnington      Conservative Resignation Yes
Brandon November 14, 1938 David Wilson Beaubier      Conservative James Ewen Matthews      Liberal Death No
London November 14, 1938 Frederick Cronyn Betts      Conservative Robert James Manion      Conservative Death Yes
Waterloo South November 14, 1938 Alexander Edwards      Conservative Karl Homuth      Conservative Death Yes
Cartier November 7, 1938 Samuel William Jacobs      Liberal Peter Bercovitch      Liberal Death Yes
Edmonton East March 21, 1938 William Samuel Hall      Social Credit Orvis A. Kennedy      Social Credit Death Yes
Argenteuil February 28, 1938 George H. Perley      Conservative Georges Héon      Independent Conservative Death No
St. John—Albert February 21, 1938 William Ryan      Liberal Allan McAvity      Liberal Death Yes
St. Henry January 17, 1938 Paul Mercier      Liberal Joseph Arsène Bonnier      Liberal Appointed a Circuit Court Judge of Montreal Yes
Lotbinière December 27, 1937 Joseph-Achille Verville      Liberal Joseph-Napoléon Francoeur      Liberal Death Yes
Victoria November 29, 1937 Simon Fraser Tolmie      Conservative Robert Mayhew      Liberal Death No
Dufferin—Simcoe November 8, 1937 William Earl Rowe      Conservative William Earl Rowe      Conservative Resignation Yes
Frontenac—Addington November 1, 1937 Colin Campbell      Liberal Angus Neil McCallum      Liberal Resignation Yes
Cape Breton North and Victoria October 18, 1937 Daniel Alexander Cameron      Liberal Matthew Maclean      Liberal Death Yes
Renfrew North April 5, 1937 Matthew McKay      Liberal Ralph Warren      Liberal Death Yes
Hamilton West March 22, 1937 Herbert Earl Wilton      Conservative John Allmond Marsh      Conservative Death Yes
Bonaventure March 22, 1937 Charles Marcil      Liberal Pierre-Emile Cote      Liberal Death Yes
Ottawa East October 26, 1936 Edgar-Rodolphe-Eugène Chevrier      Liberal Joseph Albert Pinard      Liberal Appointed a judge of the High Court of Justice of Ontario Yes
Gloucester August 17, 1936 Peter Veniot      Liberal Clarence Joseph Veniot      Liberal Death Yes
Wright August 3, 1936 Fizalam-William Perras      Liberal Rodolphe Leduc      Liberal Death Yes
Victoria June 8, 1936 D'Arcy Plunkett      Conservative Simon Tolmie      Conservative Death Yes
Antigonish—Guysborough March 16, 1936 William Duff      Liberal James Ralph Kirk      Liberal Called to the Senate Yes
Portneuf January 27, 1936 Lucien Cannon      Liberal Pierre Gauthier      Liberal Appointed a Superior Court Judge of Quebec Yes
Assiniboia January 6, 1936 Robert McKenzie      Liberal James Garfield Gardiner      Liberal Resignation to provide a seat for Gardiner Yes
Queen's December 30, 1935 J. James Larabee      Liberal Charles Avery Dunning      Liberal Appointed a Fisheries Protection Officer Yes


17th Parliament (1930–1935)[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Frontenac—Addington September 24, 1934 William Spankie      Conservative Colin Campbell      Liberal Death No
Toronto East September 24, 1934 Edmond Baird Ryckman      Conservative Thomas Langton Church      Conservative Death Yes
Kenora—Rainy River September 24, 1934 Peter Heenan      Liberal Hugh McKinnon      Liberal Resignation Yes
Elgin West September 24, 1934 Mitchell Hepburn      Liberal Wilson Mills      Liberal Resignation Yes
York North September 24, 1934 Thomas Herbert Lennox      Conservative William Pate Mulock      Liberal Death No
Oxford South April 16, 1934 Thomas Merritt Cayley      Liberal Almon Rennie      Liberal Death Yes
Yamaska October 23, 1933 Aimé Boucher      Liberal Aimé Boucher      Liberal Election declared void Yes
Mackenzie October 23, 1933 Milton Neil Campbell      Progressive John Angus MacMillan      Liberal Appointed vice-president of the Tariff Board No
Restigouche—Madawaska October 23, 1933 Maxime Cormier      Conservative Joseph Michaud      Liberal Death No
Huron South October 3, 1932 Thomas McMillan      Liberal William Henry Golding      Liberal Death Yes
Maisonneuve June 27, 1932 Clément Robitaille      Liberal Joseph Jean      Liberal Death Yes
Royal June 27, 1932 George Burpee Jones      Conservative George Burpee Jones      Conservative Resignation Yes
Athabaska March 21, 1932 John Francis Buckley      Liberal Percy Griffith Davies      Conservative Death No
Three Rivers—St. Maurice August 10, 1931 Arthur Bettez      Liberal Charles Bourgeois      Conservative Death No
Hamilton East August 10, 1931 George Septimus Rennie      Conservative Humphrey Mitchell      Labour Death No
Richmond—West Cape Breton September 2, 1930 John Alexander Macdonald      Conservative Edgar Nelson Rhodes      Conservative Resignation to provide a seat for Rhodes Yes
Melfort August 25, 1930 Robert Weir      Conservative Robert Weir      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Agriculture. Yes
Oxford North August 25, 1930 Donald Matheson Sutherland      Conservative Donald Matheson Sutherland      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of National Defence. Yes
Leeds August 25, 1930 Hugh Alexander Stewart      Conservative Hugh Alexander Stewart      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Public Works. Yes
Kootenay East August 25, 1930 Michael Dalton McLean      Conservative Henry Herbert Stevens      Conservative Resignation to provide a seat for Stevens Yes
Laval—Two Mountains August 25, 1930 Arthur Sauvé      Conservative Arthur Sauvé      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Postmaster General. Yes
Toronto East August 25, 1930 Edmond Baird Ryckman      Conservative Edmond Baird Ryckman      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of National Revenue. Yes
Neepawa August 25, 1930 Thomas Gerow Murphy      Conservative Thomas Gerow Murphy      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of the Interior. Yes
Fort William August 25, 1930 Robert James Manion      Conservative Robert James Manion      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Railways and Canals. Yes
St. John—Albert August 25, 1930 Murray MacLaren      Conservative Murray MacLaren      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Pensions and National Health. Yes
Wellington South August 25, 1930 Hugh Guthrie      Conservative Hugh Guthrie      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Justice. Yes
Timiskaming South August 25, 1930 Wesley Gordon      Conservative Wesley Gordon      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Immigration and Colonization and Minister of Mines. Yes
Chambly—Verchères August 25, 1930 Alfred Duranleau      Conservative Alfred Duranleau      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Marine. Yes
Quebec West August 25, 1930 Maurice Dupré      Conservative Maurice Dupré      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Solicitor General. Yes
St. Lawrence—St. George August 25, 1930 Charles Cahan      Conservative Charles Cahan      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Secretary of State of Canada. Yes
Calgary West August 25, 1930 R. B. Bennett      Conservative R. B. Bennett      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Prime Minister and Minister of Finance. Yes


16th Parliament (1926–1930)[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Brandon February 5, 1930 Robert Forke      Liberal-Progressive Thomas Alexander Crerar      Liberal Called to the Senate No
Bagot January 27, 1930 Georges Dorèze Morin      Liberal Cyrille Dumaine      Liberal Death Yes
Châteauguay—Huntingdon January 27, 1930 James Alexander Robb      Liberal Dennis James O'Connor      Liberal Death Yes
Prescott July 29, 1929 Louis-Mathias Auger      Independent Liberal Élie-Oscar Bertrand      Liberal Resignation following criminal charge No
Lanark July 29, 1929 Richard Franklin Preston      Conservative William Samuel Murphy      Independent Conservative Death No
Vaudreuil-Soulanges July 29, 1929 Lawrence Alexander Wilson      Liberal Lawrence Alexander Wilson      Liberal Resigned, intending to retire, but persuaded to run again Yes
Laprairie—Napierville July 22, 1929 Roch Lanctôt      Liberal Vincent Dupuis      Liberal Death Yes
Frontenac—Addington July 22, 1929 John Wesley Edwards      Conservative William Spankie      Conservative Death Yes
Lambton West January 14, 1929 William Goodison      Liberal Ross Gray      Liberal Death Yes
Joliette December 17, 1928 Jean-Joseph Denis      Liberal Charles-Édouard Ferland      Liberal Appointed a judge of the Superior Court of Quebec. Yes
Victoria December 6, 1928 Simon Fraser Tolmie      Conservative D'Arcy Plunkett      Conservative Resignation to become Premier of British Columbia. Yes
York West October 29, 1928 Henry Lumley Drayton      Conservative Earl Lawson      Conservative Appointed Chairman of the Liquor Control Board of Ontario. Yes
Maple Creek November 25, 1927 George Spence      Liberal William George Bock      Liberal Resignation to enter provincial politics in Saskatchewan Yes
Huron North September 12, 1927 John Warwick King      Progressive George Spotton      Liberal Death No
Victoria—Carleton June 16, 1927 James Kidd Flemming      Conservative Albion Roudolph Foster      Liberal Death No
Antigonish—Guysborough January 18, 1927 John Carey Douglas      Conservative William Duff      Liberal Death No
Kootenay East November 9, 1926 James Horace King      Liberal James Horace King      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Soldiers' Civil Re-establishment Yes
Bruce North November 9, 1926 James Malcolm      Liberal James Malcolm      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Trade and Commerce Yes
Dorchester November 2, 1926 Lucien Cannon      Liberal Lucien Cannon      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Solicitor General Yes
Richelieu November 2, 1926 Pierre-Joseph-Arthur Cardin      Liberal Pierre-Joseph-Arthur Cardin      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Marine and Fisheries Yes
Regina November 2, 1926 Charles Avery Dunning      Liberal Charles Avery Dunning      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Railways and Canals. Yes
Middlesex West November 2, 1926 John Campbell Elliott      Liberal John Campbell Elliott      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Public Works. Yes
Waterloo North November 2, 1926 William Daum Euler      Liberal William Daum Euler      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Customs and Excise. Yes
Brandon November 2, 1926 Robert Forke      Liberal-Progressive Robert Forke      Liberal-Progressive Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Immigration and Colonization Yes
Kenora—Rainy River November 2, 1926 Peter Heenan      Liberal Peter Heenan      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Labour Yes
Prince Albert November 2, 1926 William Lyon Mackenzie King      Liberal William Lyon Mackenzie King      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Prime Minister. Yes
Quebec East November 2, 1926 Ernest Lapointe      Liberal Ernest Lapointe      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Justice. Yes
Melville November 2, 1926 William Richard Motherwell      Liberal William Richard Motherwell      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Agriculture. Yes
Shelburne—Yarmouth November 2, 1926 Paul Lacombe Hatfield      Liberal James Ralston      Liberal Called to the Senate to provide a seat for Ralston Yes
St. James November 2, 1926 Fernand Rinfret      Liberal Fernand Rinfret      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Secretary of State of Canada. Yes
Châteauguay—Huntingdon November 2, 1926 James Robb      Liberal James Robb      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Finance. Yes
Edmonton West November 2, 1926 Charles Stewart      Liberal Charles Stewart      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of the Interior and Mines. Yes
Gloucester November 2, 1926 Peter Veniot      Liberal Peter Veniot      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Postmaster General. Yes


15th Parliament (1926)[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Middlesex West March 29, 1926 John Campbell Elliott      Liberal John Campbell Elliott      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Labour Yes
Regina March 16, 1926 Francis Nicholson Darke      Liberal Charles Avery Dunning      Liberal Resignation to provide a seat for Dunning Yes
Prince Albert February 15, 1926 Charles McDonald      Liberal William Lyon Mackenzie King      Liberal Resignation to provide a seat for Mackenzie King Yes
Bagot December 7, 1925 Joseph Edmond Marcile      Liberal Georges Dorèze Morin      Liberal Death Yes


14th Parliament (1921–1925)[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Témiscouata December 1, 1924 Charles Arthur Gauvreau      Liberal Jean-François Pouliot      Liberal Death Yes
Hastings West November 25, 1924 Edward Guss Porter      Conservative Charles Edward Hanna      Liberal Resignation in protest at the James Murdock-Home Bank incident No
Yale November 6, 1924 John Armstrong MacKelvie      Conservative Grote Stirling      Conservative Death Yes
Northumberland October 7, 1924 John Morrissy      Liberal William Bunting Snowball      Liberal Death Yes
Rimouski September 2, 1924 Joseph-Émile-Stanislas-Émmanuel D'Anjou      Liberal Eugène Fiset      Liberal Appointed Registrar of Deeds for the County of Rimouski. Yes
St. Antoine September 2, 1924 Walter George Mitchell      Liberal William James Hushion      Liberal Resigned Yes
Richelieu February 27, 1924 Pierre-Joseph-Arthur Cardin      Liberal Pierre-Joseph-Arthur Cardin      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Marine and Fisheries. Yes
Kent December 20, 1923 Auguste Théophile Léger      Liberal Alexandre Joseph Doucet      Conservative Death No
Halifax December 5, 1923 Alexander Kenneth Maclean      Liberal William Anderson Black      Conservative Resignation. No
Winnipeg North October 24, 1923 Edward James McMurray      Liberal Edward James McMurray      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Solicitor General of Canada. Yes
Renfrew South September 6, 1923 Thomas Andrew Low      Liberal Thomas Andrew Low      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Trade and Commerce. Yes
Pictou September 6, 1923 Edward Mortimer MacDonald      Liberal Edward Mortimer MacDonald      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of National Defence. Yes
North Cape Breton and Victoria July 31, 1923 Daniel Duncan McKenzie      Liberal Fenwick Lionel Kelly      Liberal Appointed a judge of the Supreme Court of Nova Scotia Yes
Nicolet May 14, 1923 Arthur Trahan      Liberal Joseph-Félix Descôteaux      Liberal Appointed a judge of the Superior Court of Quebec Yes
Moose Jaw April 10, 1923 Robert Milton Johnson      Progressive Edward Nicholas Hopkins      Progressive Election declared void. Yes
Essex North March 1, 1923 William Costello Kennedy      Liberal Albert Frederick Healy      Liberal Death Yes
Halifax December 4, 1922 Edward Blackadder      Liberal Robert Emmett Finn      Liberal Death Yes
Lanark December 4, 1922 John Alexander Stewart      Conservative Richard Franklin Preston      Conservative Death Yes
Jacques Cartier November 20, 1922 David Arthur Lafortune      Liberal Joseph-Théodule Rhéaume      Liberal Death Yes
Mégantic November 20, 1922 Lucien Turcotte Pacaud      Liberal Eusèbe Roberge      Liberal Appointed Secretary to the Canadian High Commissioner to London. Yes
Gloucester November 20, 1922 Onésiphore Turgeon      Liberal Jean George Robichaud      Liberal Called to the Senate. Yes
St. Johns—Iberville August 31, 1922 Marie-Joseph Demers      Liberal Aldéric-Joseph Benoit      Liberal Resignation. Yes
Kamouraska May 15, 1922 Charles Adolphe Stein      Liberal Joseph Georges Bouchard      Liberal Appointed a judge of the Superior Court of Quebec. Yes
Vaudreuil-Soulanges March 21, 1922 Gustave Benjamin Boyer      Liberal Joseph-Rodolphe Ouimet      Liberal Called to the Senate. Yes
Kootenay East March 14, 1922 Robert Ethelbert Beattie      Liberal James Horace King      Liberal Resignation. Yes
Argenteuil February 28, 1922 Peter Robert McGibbon      Liberal Charles Stewart      Liberal Death Yes
Grenville January 26, 1922 Arza Clair Casselman      Conservative Arthur Meighen      Conservative Resignation to provide a seat for Meighen. Yes
Regina January 19, 1922 William Richard Motherwell      Liberal William Richard Motherwell      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Agriculture . Yes
Beauce January 19, 1922 Henri Sévérin Béland      Liberal Henri Sévérin Béland      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Soldiers' Civil Re-establishment. Yes
Three Rivers and St. Maurice January 19, 1922 Jacques Bureau      Liberal Jacques Bureau      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Customs and Excise. Yes
Westmorland January 19, 1922 Arthur Bliss Copp      Liberal Arthur Bliss Copp      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Secretary of State for Canada. Yes
Shelburne and Queen's January 19, 1922 William Stevens Fielding      Liberal William Stevens Fielding      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Finance. Yes
Laurier—Outremont January 19, 1922 Lomer Gouin      Liberal Lomer Gouin      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Justice. Yes
Essex South January 19, 1922 George Perry Graham      Liberal George Perry Graham      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Militia and Defence and Minister of Naval Service. Yes
Essex North January 19, 1922 William Costello Kennedy      Liberal William Costello Kennedy      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Railways and Canals. Yes
York North January 19, 1922 William Lyon Mackenzie King      Liberal William Lyon Mackenzie King      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Prime Minister. Yes
Quebec East January 19, 1922 Ernest Lapointe      Liberal Ernest Lapointe      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Marine and Fisheries . Yes
North Cape Breton and Victoria January 19, 1922 Daniel Duncan McKenzie      Liberal Daniel Duncan McKenzie      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Solicitor General. Yes
Kent January 19, 1922 Archibald McCoig      Liberal James Murdock      Liberal Called to the Senate to provide a seat for Murdock Yes
Russell January 19, 1922 Charles Murphy      Liberal Charles Murphy      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Postmaster General. Yes
Châteauguay—Huntingdon January 19, 1922 James Robb      Liberal James Robb      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Trade and Commerce . Yes


13th Parliament (1918–1921)[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Medicine Hat June 27, 1921 Arthur Lewis Sifton      Unionist Robert Gardiner      Progressive Death No
Yamaska May 28, 1921 Joseph Ernest Oscar Gladu      Laurier Liberal Aimé Boucher      Liberal Death Yes
York—Sunbury May 28, 1921 Harry Fulton McLeod      Unionist Richard Hanson      Conservative Death Yes
Peterborough West February 7, 1921 John Hampden Burnham      Unionist George Newcombe Gordon      Liberal Resignation No
Yale November 22, 1920 Martin Burrell      Unionist John Armstrong MacKelvie      Conservative Appointed Librarian of Parliament Yes
Elgin East November 22, 1920 David Marshall      Unionist Sydney Smith McDermand      United Farmers Death No
St. John—Albert September 20, 1920 Rupert Wilson Wigmore      Unionist Rupert Wilson Wigmore      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Customs and Inland Revenue Yes
Colchester September 20, 1920 Fleming Blanchard McCurdy      Unionist Fleming Blanchard McCurdy      Nationalist Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Public Works Yes
Timiskaming April 7, 1920 Francis Cochrane      Unionist Angus McDonald      Independent Death No
St. James April 7, 1920 Louis Audet Lapointe      Laurier Liberal Fernand Rinfret      Liberal Death Yes
Kamouraska March 31, 1920 Ernest Lapointe      Laurier Liberal Charles Adolphe Stein      Liberal Resignation to contest Quebec East by-election Yes
Ontario North December 9, 1919 Samuel Simpson Sharpe      Conservative Robert Henry Halbert      Independent Death No
Quebec East October 27, 1919 Wilfrid Laurier      Laurier Liberal Ernest Lapointe      Laurier Liberal Death Yes
Glengarry and Stormont October 27, 1919 John McMartin      Unionist John Wilfred Kennedy      United Farmers Death No
Assiniboia October 27, 1919 John Gillanders Turriff      Unionist Oliver Robert Gould      United Farmers Called to the Senate No
Victoria City October 27, 1919 Simon Fraser Tolmie      Unionist Simon Fraser Tolmie      Unionist Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Agriculture. Yes
Prince October 20, 1919 Joseph Read      Liberal William Lyon Mackenzie King      Liberal Death Yes
Kingston October 20, 1919 William Folger Nickle      Conservative Henry Lumley Drayton      Unionist Resignation Yes
Victoria—Carleton October 17, 1919 Frank Carvell      Unionist Thomas Wakem Caldwell      United Farmers Appointed Chairman of the Board of Railway Commissioners No
Lanark May 2, 1918 Adelbert Edward Hanna      Unionist John Alexander Stewart      Unionist Death Yes


12th Parliament (1911–1917)[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Dorchester January 27, 1917 Albert Sévigny      Conservative Albert Sévigny      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minster of Inland Revenue Yes
Toronto East December 14, 1916 Albert Edward Kemp      Conservative Albert Edward Kemp      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minster of Militia and Defence Yes
Hochelaga October 15, 1915 Louis Coderre      Conservative Esioff-Léon Patenaude      Conservative Appointed a judge of the Superior Court of Quebec Yes
Terrebonne February 8, 1915 Wilfrid Bruno Nantel      Conservative Gédéon Rochon      Conservative Appointed a Railway Commissioner Yes
Westmorland February 1, 1915 Henry R. Emmerson      Liberal Arthur Bliss Copp      Liberal Death Yes
Jacques Cartier February 1, 1915 Frederick D. Monk      Conservative Joseph Adélard DesCarries      Conservative Resignation (ill health) Yes
Prince Albert February 1, 1915 James McKay      Conservative Samuel James Donaldson      Conservative Appointed a judge of the Supreme Court of Saskatchewan Yes
London February 1, 1915 George Adam Clare      Conservative Frank Stewart Scott      Conservative Death Yes
Waterloo South February 1, 1915 Thomas Beattie      Conservative William Gray      Conservative Death Yes
Champlain November 7, 1914 Pierre Édouard Blondin      Conservative Pierre Édouard Blondin      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Inland Revenue Yes
Quebec County November 7, 1914 Louis-Philippe Pelletier      Conservative Thomas Chase-Casgrain      Conservative Resignation prior to being appointed a judge Yes
York December 31, 1913 Oswald Smith Crocket      Conservative Harry Fulton McLeod      Conservative Appointed a judge of the Supreme Court of New Brunswick Yes
Lanark South December 13, 1913 John Graham Haggart      Conservative Adelbert Edward Hanna      Conservative Death Yes
Macdonald December 13, 1913 Alexander Morrison      Conservative Alexander Morrison      Conservative Election declared void Yes
Bruce South October 30, 1913 James J. Donnelly      Conservative Reuben Eldridge Truax      Liberal Called to the Senate No
Middlesex East October 21, 1913 Peter Elson      Conservative Samuel Francis Glass      Conservative Death Yes
Châteauguay October 11, 1913 James Pollock Brown      Liberal James Morris      Conservative Death No
Portage la Prairie July 19, 1913 Arthur Meighen      Conservative Arthur Meighen      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Solicitor General Yes
Hochelaga November 19, 1912 Louis Coderre      Conservative Louis Coderre      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Secretary of State for Canada Yes
Carleton October 30, 1912 Edward Kidd      Conservative William Foster Garland      Conservative Death Yes
Richelieu October 24, 1912 Pierre-Joseph-Arthur Cardin      Liberal Pierre-Joseph-Arthur Cardin      Liberal Election declared void Yes
Macdonald October 12, 1912 William D. Staples      Conservative Alexander Morrison      Conservative Appointed Grain Commissioner for Canada Yes
Simcoe South June 10, 1912 Haughton Lennox      Conservative William Alves Boys      Conservative Appointed a judge Yes
Kootenay May 30, 1912 Arthur Samuel Goodeve      Conservative Robert Francis Green      Conservative Appointed a Railway Commissioner Yes
Renfrew South February 22, 1912 Thomas Andrew Low      Liberal George Perry Graham      Liberal Resignation Yes
Nipissing November 8, 1911 George Gordon      Conservative Francis Cochrane      Conservative Called to the Senate Yes
Leeds November 6, 1911 George Taylor      Conservative William Thomas White      Conservative Called to the Senate Yes
Yale—Cariboo November 4, 1911 Martin Burrell      Conservative Martin Burrell      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Agriculture Yes
Halifax October 27, 1911 Robert Borden      Conservative Robert Borden      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Prime Minister Yes
Elgin West October 27, 1911 Thomas Wilson Crothers      Conservative Thomas Wilson Crothers      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Labour Yes
St. Anne October 27, 1911 Charles Doherty      Conservative Charles Doherty      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Justice Yes
Toronto North October 27, 1911 George Eulas Foster      Conservative George Eulas Foster      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Trade and Commerce Yes
City and County of St. John October 27, 1911 John Waterhouse Daniel      Conservative John Douglas Hazen      Conservative Resignation to provide a seat for Hazen Yes
Victoria October 27, 1911 Samuel Hughes      Liberal-Conservative Samuel Hughes      Liberal-Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Militia and Defence Yes
Jacques Cartier October 27, 1911 Frederick Debartzch Monk      Conservative Frederick Debartzch Monk      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Public Works Yes
Terrebonne October 27, 1911 Wilfrid Bruno Nantel      Conservative Wilfrid Bruno Nantel      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Inland Revenue Yes
Quebec County October 27, 1911 Louis-Philippe Pelletier      Conservative Louis-Philippe Pelletier      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Postmaster-General Yes
Grenville October 27, 1911 John Dowsley Reid      Conservative John Dowsley Reid      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Customs Yes
Marquette October 27, 1911 William James Roche      Conservative William James Roche      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Secretary of State for Canada Yes
Winnipeg October 27, 1911 Alexander Haggart      Conservative Robert Rogers      Conservative Resignation to provide a seat for Rogers Yes


11th Parliament (1909–1911)[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Drummond—Arthabaska November 3, 1910 Louis Lavergne      Liberal Arthur Gilbert      Nationaliste Called to the Senate No
City of Ottawa January 29, 1910 Sir Wilfred Laurier      Liberal Albert Allard      Liberal Chose to sit for Quebec East. Yes
Dufferin December 22, 1909 John Barr      Conservative John Best      Conservative Death Yes
Lunenburg December 22, 1909 Alexander Kenneth MacLean      Liberal John Drew Sperry      Liberal Resignation Yes
Middlesex West November 20, 1909 William Samuel Calvert      Liberal Duncan Campbell Ross      Liberal Appointed to the National Transcontinental Railway Commission Yes
Essex North November 20, 1909 Robert Franklin Sutherland      Liberal Oliver James Wilcox      Conservative Appointed a judge No
Lotbinière October 26, 1909 Edmond Fortier      Liberal Edmond Fortier      Liberal Election declared void Yes
Strathcona October 20, 1909 Wilbert McIntyre      Liberal James McCrie Douglas      Liberal Death Yes
Montcalm September 25, 1909 François-Octave Dugas      Liberal David-Arthur Lafortune      Independent Liberal Appointed a judge of the Superior Court of Quebec No
Waterloo North June 22, 1909 William Lyon Mackenzie King      Liberal William Lyon Mackenzie King      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Labour. Yes
Carleton February 22, 1909 Robert Borden      Conservative Edward Kidd      Conservative Chose to sit for Halifax Yes
Comox—Atlin February 8, 1909 William Sloan      Liberal William Templeman      Liberal Resignation to provide a seat for Templeman Yes


10th Parliament (1905–1908)[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Stanstead January 22, 1908 Henry Lovell      Liberal Charles Henry Lovell      Liberal Death Yes
Huron South January 22, 1908 Benjamin B. Gunn      Conservative Murdo Young McLean      Liberal Death No
Nicolet December 30, 1907 Charles Ramsay Devlin      Liberal Gustave-Adolphe-Narcisse Turcotte      Liberal Resignation upon appointment to the provincial cabinet of Quebec Yes
City of Ottawa December 23, 1907 Napoléon Antoine Belcourt      Liberal William H. Hutchison      Liberal Called to the Senate Yes
Labelle December 23, 1907 Henri Bourassa      Liberal Charles Beautron Major      Liberal Resignation to enter provincial politics Yes
York Centre December 23, 1907 Archibald Campbell      Liberal Peter Douglas McLean      Liberal Called to the Senate Yes
Colchester November 28, 1907 Frederick Andrew Laurence      Liberal John Stanfield      Conservative Appointed a judge No
London October 29, 1907 C. S. Hyman      Liberal Thomas Beattie      Conservative Resignation No
Northumberland East October 29, 1907 Edward Cochrane      Conservative Charles Lewis Owen      Conservative Death Yes
Wellington North October 29, 1907 Thomas Martin      Liberal Alexander Munro Martin      Liberal Death Yes
Brockville September 18, 1907 Daniel Derbyshire      Liberal George Perry Graham      Liberal Called to the Senate Yes
City and County of St. John September 18, 1907 Alfred Stockton      Conservative William Pugsley      Liberal Death No
Richelieu March 7, 1907 Arthur-Aimé Bruneau      Liberal Adélard Lanctôt      Liberal Appointed a judge of the Superior Court of Quebec Yes
L'Assomption March 7, 1907 Romuald-Charlemagne Laurier      Liberal Ruben Charles Laurier      Liberal Death Yes
Victoria March 5, 1907 John Costigan      Liberal Pius Michaud      Liberal Called to the Senate Yes
Three Rivers and St. Maurice February 28, 1907 Jacques Bureau      Liberal Jacques Bureau      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Solicitor General Yes
Nicolet December 29, 1906 Rodolphe Lemieux      Liberal Charles Ramsay Devlin      Liberal Chose to sit for Gaspé Yes
St. Ann November 21, 1906 Daniel Gallery      Liberal Joseph Charles Walsh      Liberal Election declared void Yes
St. Mary November 21, 1906 Camille Piché      Liberal Médéric Martin      Liberal Appointed Police Magistrate in Montreal. Yes
Shelburne and Queen's October 31, 1906 William Stevens Fielding      Liberal William Stevens Fielding      Liberal Election declared void Yes
Bruce North October 30, 1906 Leonard Thomas Bland      Liberal-Conservative John Tolmie      Liberal Death No
Quebec County October 23, 1906 Charles Fitzpatrick      Liberal Lorenzo Robitaille      Independent Liberal Appointed Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada No
St. Johns—Iberville October 16, 1906 Louis Philippe Demers      Liberal Marie Joseph Demers      Liberal Appointed Puisne Judge of the Superior Court of Quebec Yes
Elgin East October 14, 1906 Andrew B. Ingram      Liberal-Conservative David Marshall      Conservative Appointed Vice Chairman of the Ontario Railway and Municipal Commission Yes
Renfrew North October 9, 1906 Peter White      Conservative Gerald Verner White      Conservative Death Yes
Strathcona April 5, 1906 Peter Talbot      Liberal Wilbert McIntyre      Liberal Called to the Senate Yes
Cape Breton North and Victoria March 14, 1906 Daniel Duncan McKenzie      Liberal Alexander Charles Ross      Liberal Appointed a judge Yes
Victoria City March 6, 1906 George Riley      Liberal William Templeman      Liberal Resignation to provide a seat for Templeman Yes
Maisonneuve February 23, 1906 Raymond Préfontaine      Liberal Alphonse Verville      Labour Death No
Assiniboia West February 6, 1906 Thomas Walter Scott      Liberal William Erskine Knowles      Liberal Resignation to enter provincial politics in Saskatchewan Yes
Saskatchewan February 6, 1906 John Henderson Lamont      Liberal George Ewan McCraney      Liberal Resignation to enter provincial politics in Saskatchewan Yes
Town of Sherbrooke February 6, 1906 Arthur Norreys Worthington      Conservative Arthur Norreys Worthington      Conservative Election declared void Yes
Compton January 4, 1906 Aylmer Byron Hunt      Liberal Aylmer Byron Hunt      Liberal Election declared void Yes
York North November 22, 1905 William Mulock      Liberal Allen Bristol Aylesworth      Liberal Appointed a judge Yes
Antigonish November 22, 1905 Colin McIsaac      Liberal William Chisholm      Liberal Appointed a Railway Commissioner Yes
Lambton West November 22, 1905 Thomas George Johnston      Liberal Frederick Forsyth Pardee      Liberal Death Yes
Wentworth November 22, 1905 E. D. Smith      Conservative Peter Douglas McLean      Conservative Election declared void Yes
London June 13, 1905 C. S. Hyman      Liberal C. S. Hyman      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Public Works Yes
Oxford North June 13, 1905 James Sutherland      Liberal George Smith      Liberal Death Yes
Lévis June 6, 1905 Louis Julien Demers      Liberal Louis Auguste Carrier      Liberal Death Yes
Edmonton April 25, 1905 Frank Oliver      Liberal Frank Oliver      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of the Interior. Yes
Toronto Centre April 11, 1905 Edward Frederick Clarke      Conservative Edmund James Bristol      Conservative Death Yes
Wright February 13, 1905 Wilfrid Laurier      Liberal Emmanuel Berchmans Devlin      Liberal Chose to sit for Quebec East Yes
Carleton February 4, 1905 Edward Kidd      Conservative Robert L. Borden      Conservative Resignation to provide a seat for Borden Yes
Quebec-Centre January 19, 1905 Arthur Cyrille Albert Malouin      Liberal Arthur Lachance      Liberal Appointed a judge of the Superior Court of Quebec Yes


9th Parliament (1901–1904)[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Guysborough March 16, 1904 Duncan Cameron Fraser      Liberal John Howard Sinclair      Liberal Appointed to Supreme Court of Nova Scotia Yes
Gaspé February 20, 1904 Rodolphe Lemieux      Liberal Rodolphe Lemieux      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Solicitor-General Yes
Lambton East February 16, 1904 Oliver Simmons      Conservative Joseph Elijah Armstrong      Conservative Death Yes
St. Hyacinthe February 16, 1904 Michel Esdras Bernier      Liberal Jean Baptiste Blanchet      Liberal Appointed a Railway Commissioner Yes
City of St. John February 16, 1904 Andrew George Blair      Liberal John Waterhouse Daniel      Conservative Appointed head of the Board of Railway Commissioners No
Bruce East February 16, 1904 Henry Cargill      Conservative James J. Donnelly      Conservative Death Yes
St. James February 16, 1904 Joseph Brunet      Liberal Honoré Hippolyte Achille Gervais      Liberal Election declared void Yes
West Queen's February 16, 1904 Donald Farquharson      Liberal Horace Haszard      Liberal Death Yes
Montmagny February 16, 1904 Pierre-Raymond-Léonard Martineau      Liberal Armand Lavergne      Liberal Death Yes
Hochelaga February 16, 1904 Joseph Alexandre Camille Madore      Liberal Louis-Alfred-Adhémar Rivet      Liberal Appointed Puisne Judge of the Supreme Court of Quebec Yes
Kamouraska February 12, 1904 Henry George Carroll      Liberal Ernest Lapointe      Liberal Appointed a judge Yes
Rouville January 30, 1904 Louis-Philippe Brodeur      Liberal Louis-Philippe Brodeur      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Inland Revenue Yes
Westmorland January 30, 1904 Henry R. Emmerson      Liberal Henry R. Emmerson      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Railways and Canals Yes
Russell April 20, 1903 William C. Edwards      Liberal David Wardrope Wallace      Liberal Called to Senate Yes
Ontario North March 10, 1903 Angus McLeod      Liberal-Conservative George Davidson Grant      Liberal Death No
Maskinongé March 3, 1903 Joseph-Hormisdas Legris      Liberal Hormidas Mayrand      Liberal Called to Senate Yes
Terrebonne February 24, 1903 Raymond Préfontaine      Liberal Samuel Desjardins      Liberal Recontested upon ministerial appointment. Préfontaine was elected in two ridings simultaneously and chose to stand for re-election in Maisonneuve Yes
Two Mountains February 24, 1903 Joseph Arthur Calixte Éthier      Liberal Joseph Arthur Calixte Éthier      Liberal Election declared void Yes
Grey North February 24, 1903 Edward Henry Horsey      Liberal Thomas Inkerman Thomson      Conservative Death No
Burrard February 4, 1903 George Ritchie Maxwell      Liberal Robert George Macpherson      Liberal Death Yes
Maisonneuve December 9, 1902 Raymond Préfontaine      Liberal Raymond Préfontaine      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Marine and Fisheries Yes
Argenteuil December 3, 1902 Thomas Christie      Liberal Thomas Christie, Jr.      Liberal Death Yes
Yarmouth December 3, 1902 Thomas Barnard Flint      Liberal Bowman Brown Law      Liberal Appointed Clerk of the House of Commons Yes
Yukon December 2, 1902 New Seat James Hamilton Ross      Liberal Newly created electoral district under The Yukon Territory Representation Act 1902 N.A.
Beauharnois March 26, 1902 George di Madeiros Loy      Liberal George di Madeiros Loy      Liberal Election declared void Yes
Kamouraska February 28, 1902 Henry George Carroll      Liberal Henry George Carroll      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Solicitor General Yes
Lisgar February 18, 1902 Robert Lorne Richardson      Independent Duncan Alexander Stewart      Liberal Election declared void No
Quebec West January 29, 1902 Richard Reid Dobell      Liberal William Power      Liberal Death Yes
Oxford North January 29, 1902 James Sutherland      Liberal James Sutherland      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Marine and Fisheries Yes
Victoria January 28, 1902 Edward Gawler Prior      Conservative George Riley      Liberal Election declared void No
Laval January 15, 1902 Thomas Fortin      Liberal Joseph-Édouard-Émile Léonard      Conservative Appointed a judge of the Superior Court of Quebec No
Addington January 15, 1902 John W. Bell      Conservative Melzar Avery      Conservative Death Yes
Durham West January 15, 1902 Charles Jonas Thornton      Liberal Robert Beith      Conservative Election declared void. No
St. James January 15, 1902 Odilon Desmarais      Liberal Joseph-Édouard-Émile Léonard      Liberal Appointed a judge of the Superior Court of Quebec Yes
York West January 15, 1902 Nathaniel Clarke Wallace      Conservative Archibald Campbell      Liberal Death No
L'Islet January 15, 1902 Arthur Miville Déchêne      Liberal Onésiphore Carbonneau      Liberal Called to the Senate Yes
West Queen's January 15, 1902 Louis Henry Davies      Liberal Donald Farquharson      Liberal Appointed a justice of the Supreme Court of Canada Yes
Kingston January 15, 1902 Byron Moffatt Britton      Liberal William Harty      Liberal Appointed a judge of the Court of King's Bench for Ontario Yes
Hastings West January 15, 1902 Henry Corby      Conservative Edward Guss Porter      Conservative Resignation Yes
Beauce January 8, 1902 Joseph Godbout      Liberal Henri Sévérin Béland      Liberal Called to the Senate Yes
York December 28, 1901 Alexander Gibson      Liberal Alexander Gibson      Liberal Election declared void Yes
East Queen's March 20, 1901 Donald Alexander MacKinnon      Liberal Donald Alexander MacKinnon      Liberal Election declared void Yes
Bruce North March 20, 1901 Alexander McNeill      Liberal-Conservative James Halliday      Conservative Election declared void Yes


8th Parliament (1896–1900)[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
St. Hyacinthe July 4, 1900 Michel-Esdras Bernier      Liberal Michel-Esdras Bernier      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Inland Revenue Yes
Lotbinière January 25, 1900 Côme-Isaïe Rinfret      Liberal Edmond Fortier      Liberal Appointment as a revenue inspector Yes
Sherbrooke (Town of) January 25, 1900 William Bullock Ives      Conservative John McIntosh      Conservative Death Yes
Winnipeg January 25, 1900 Richard Willis Jameson      Liberal Arthur W. Puttee      Labour Death Yes
Berthier January 18, 1900 Cléophas Beausoleil      Liberal Joseph Éloi Archambault      Liberal Appointed postmaster of Montreal Yes
Labelle January 18, 1900 Henri Bourassa      Liberal Henri Bourassa      Independent Resignation to recontest in protest at Canada's participation in the Boer War No
Chambly—Verchères January 18, 1900 Christophe-Alphonse Geoffrion      Liberal Victor Geoffrion      Liberal Death Yes
Ontario West January 18, 1900 James David Edgar      Liberal Isaac James Gould      Liberal Death Yes
Brockville April 20, 1899 John Fisher Wood      Liberal-Conservative William Henry Comstock      Liberal Death No
Lévis March 22, 1899 Pierre Malcom Guay      Liberal Louis-Jules Demers      Liberal Death Yes
Huron West February 21, 1899 Malcolm Colin Cameron      Liberal Robert Holmes      Liberal Appointed Lieutenant-Governor of the North-West Territories Yes
East Prince December 14, 1898 John Yeo      Liberal John Howatt Bell      Liberal Called to the Senate Yes
Lambton West December 14, 1898 James Frederick Lister      Liberal Thomas George Johnston      Liberal Appointed to the Court of Appeal
Bagot December 14, 1898 Flavien Dupont      Conservative Joseph Edmond Marcile      Liberal Death No
Montmagny December 14, 1898 Philippe-Auguste Choquette      Liberal Pierre-Raymond-Léonard Martineau      Liberal Appointed a judge of the Superior Court of Quebec Yes
Simcoe North December 14, 1898 Dalton McCarthy      McCarthyite Leighton McCarthy      Independent (McCarthyite) Death Yes
West Prince April 13, 1898 Stanislaus Francis Perry      Liberal Bernard Donald McLellan      Liberal Death Yes
Quebec-Centre January 24, 1898 François Langelier      Liberal Arthur Cyrille Albert Malouin      Liberal Appointed a judge of the Superior Court of Quebec Yes
Nicolet December 21, 1897 Fabien Boisvert      Conservative Joseph Hector Leduc      Liberal Death No
Toronto Centre November 30, 1897 William Lount      Liberal George Hope Bertram      Liberal Resignation Yes
Drummond—Arthabaska November 13, 1897 Joseph Lavergne      Liberal Louis Lavergne      Liberal Appointed a judge of the Superior Court of Quebec Yes
Témiscouata November 6, 1897 Charles-Eugène Pouliot      Liberal Charles Arthur Gauvreau      Liberal Death Yes
Rimouski November 6, 1897 Jean-Baptiste Romuald Fiset      Liberal Jean Auguste Ross      Liberal Called to the Senate Yes
West Prince April 27, 1897 Edward Hackett      Liberal-Conservative Stanislaus Francis Perry      Liberal Election declared void No
Macdonald April 27, 1897 Nathaniel Boyd      Conservative John Gunion Rutherford      Liberal Election declared void No
Winnipeg April 27, 1897 Hugh John Macdonald      Liberal-Conservative Richard Willis Jameson      Liberal Election declared void No
Colchester April 20, 1897 Wilbert David Dimock      Conservative Firman McClure      Liberal Election declared void No
Champlain April 7, 1897 François-Arthur Marcotte      Conservative François-Arthur Marcotte      Conservative Election declared void Yes
Wright March 23, 1897 Charles Ramsay Devlin      Liberal Louis Napoléon Champagne      Liberal Appointed Canadian trade commissioner to Ireland Yes
Bonaventure March 17, 1897 William LeBoutillier Fauvel      Liberal Jean-François Guité      Liberal Death Yes
Simcoe East February 4, 1897 William Humphrey Bennett      Conservative William Humphrey Bennett      Conservative Election declared void Yes
Ontario North February 4, 1897 John Alexander McGillivray      Conservative Duncan Graham      Independent Liberal Election declared void No
Brant South February 4, 1897 Robert Henry      Conservative Charles Bernhard Heyd      Liberal Election declared void No
Saskatchewan (Provisional District) December 19, 1896 Wilfrid Laurier      Liberal Thomas Osborne Davis      Liberal Laurier was elected to two seats, resigned to run in ministerial by-election in Quebec East Yes
Cornwall and Stormont December 19, 1896 Darby Bergin      Liberal-Conservative John Goodall Snetsinger      Liberal Death No
Brandon November 27, 1896 Dalton McCarthy      McCarthyite Clifford Sifton      Liberal Chose to sit for Simcoe North No
Sunbury—Queen's August 25, 1896 George G. King      Liberal Andrew George Blair      Liberal Called to Senate Yes
Grey North August 25, 1896 John Clark      Liberal William Paterson      Liberal Death Yes
Shelburne and Queen's August 5, 1896 Francis Gordon Forbes      Liberal William Stevens Fielding      Liberal Appointed Sub-Collector of Customs Yes
St. Johns—Iberville August 3, 1896 François Béchard      Liberal Joseph Israël Tarte      Liberal Called to the Senate Yes
Quebec County July 30, 1896 Charles Fitzpatrick      Liberal Charles Fitzpatrick      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Solicitor General Yes
Kings July 30, 1896 Frederick William Borden      Liberal Frederick William Borden      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Militia and Defence Yes
Oxford South July 30, 1896 Richard John Cartwright      Liberal Richard John Cartwright      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Trade and Commerce Yes
West Queen's July 30, 1896 Louis Henry Davies      Liberal Louis Henry Davies      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Marine and Fisheries Yes
Brome July 30, 1896 Sydney Arthur Fisher      Liberal Sydney Arthur Fisher      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Agriculture Yes
Portneuf July 30, 1896 Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière      Liberal Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Controller of Inland Revenue Yes
York North July 30, 1896 William Mulock      Liberal William Mulock      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Postmaster-General Yes
Quebec East July 30, 1896 Wilfrid Laurier      Liberal Wilfrid Laurier      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Prime Minister Yes


7th Parliament (1891–1896)[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Northumberland February 6, 1896 Michael Adams      Conservative James Robinson      Conservative Called to the Senate. Yes
Cape Breton February 4, 1896 David MacKeen      Conservative Charles Tupper      Conservative Resignation to provide a seat for Tupper. Yes
Charlevoix January 27, 1896 Henry Simard      Liberal Louis Charles Alphonse Angers      Liberal Death Yes
Huron West January 14, 1896 James Colebrooke Patterson      Conservative Malcolm Colin Cameron      Liberal Appointed Lieutenant-Governor of Manitoba. No
Victoria January 6, 1896 Edward Gawler Prior      Conservative Edward Gawler Prior      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Inland Revenue. Yes
Montreal Centre December 27, 1895 John Joseph Curran      Conservative James McShane      Liberal Appointed a judge of the Superior Court of Quebec. No
Cardwell December 24, 1895 Robert Smeaton White      Conservative William Stubbs      Independent Conservative Resignation. No
Ontario North December 12, 1895 Frank Madill      Conservative John Alexander McGillivray      Conservative Death. Yes
Jacques Cartier November 30, 1895 Désiré Girouard      Conservative Napoléon Charbonneau      Liberal Appointed a judge of the Supreme Court of Canada. No
Westmorland August 24, 1895 Josiah Wood      Conservative Henry A. Powell      Liberal-Conservative Called to the Senate. Yes
Verchères April 17, 1895 Félix Geoffrion      Liberal Christophe-Alphonse Geoffrion      Liberal Death. Yes
Quebec West April 17, 1895 John Hearn      Conservative Thomas McGreevy      Liberal-Conservative Death. Yes
Antigonish April 17, 1895 John Sparrow David Thompson      Liberal-Conservative Colin Francis McIsaac      Liberal Death No
Haldimand April 17, 1895 David Thompson      Liberal Charles Wesley Colter      Liberal Death Yes
Cumberland January 15, 1895 Arthur Rupert Dickey      Conservative Arthur Rupert Dickey      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Secretary of State for Canada. Yes
Hastings West July 4, 1894 Henry Corby, Jr.      Conservative Henry Corby, Jr.      Conservative resignation to recontest due to selling methylated spirits to the government. Yes
Gloucester May 5, 1894 Kennedy Francis Burns      Conservative Théotime Blanchard      Conservative Called to the Senate. Yes
Ottawa (City of) December 7, 1893 Charles H. Mackintosh      Conservative Honoré Robillard      Liberal-Conservative Appointed Lieutenant Governor of the North-West Territories. Yes
Winnipeg November 22, 1893 Hugh John Macdonald      Liberal-Conservative Joseph Martin      Liberal Resignation No
Vancouver May 2, 1893 David William Gordon      Liberal-Conservative Andrew Haslam      Liberal-Conservative Death Yes
Vaudreuil April 12, 1893 Hugh McMillan      Conservative Henry Stanislas Harwood      Liberal Election declared void. No
Middlesex South March 22, 1893 James Armstrong      Liberal Robert Boston      Liberal Death Yes
Terrebonne January 10, 1893 Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau      Conservative Pierre-Julien Leclair      Conservative Appointed Lieutenant-Governor of Quebec. Yes
L'Islet January 5, 1893 Louis-Georges Desjardins      Conservative Joseph-Israël Tarte      Independent Appointed Clerk of the Legislative Assembly of Quebec. No
Sherbrooke (Town of) December 21, 1892 William Bullock Ives      Conservative William Bullock Ives      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as President of the Privy Council. Yes
York West December 21, 1892 Nathaniel Clarke Wallace      Conservative Nathaniel Clarke Wallace      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Controller of Customs. Yes
Brockville December 21, 1892 John Fisher Wood      Liberal-Conservative John Fisher Wood      Liberal-Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Controller of Inland Revenue. Yes
Hastings North December 20, 1892 Mackenzie Bowell      Conservative Alexander Augustus Williamson Carscallen      Conservative Called to the Senate. Yes
Montreal Centre December 18, 1892 John Joseph Curran      Conservative John Joseph Curran      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Solicitor General. Yes
Soulanges December 13, 1892 James William Bain      Conservative James William Bain      Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Kent December 6, 1892 Édouard H. Léger      Conservative George McInerney      Conservative Death Yes
City and County of St. John November 22, 1892 Charles Nelson Skinner      Liberal John Alexander Chesley      Conservative Appointed a judge. No
Assiniboia East November 21, 1892 Edgar Dewdney      Conservative William Walter McDonald      Conservative Appointed Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia. Yes
Selkirk November 2, 1892 Thomas Mayne Daly      Liberal-Conservative Thomas Mayne Daly      Liberal-Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of the Interior and Superintendent General of Indian Affairs. Yes
Hochelaga October 21, 1892 Alphonse Desjardins      Conservative Séverin Lachapelle      Conservative Called to the Senate. Yes
Chicoutimi—Saguenay August 16, 1892 Paul Vilmond Savard      Liberal Louis-de-Gonzague Belley      Conservative Election declared void. No
Marquette July 15, 1892 Robert Watson      Liberal Nathaniel Boyd      Conservative Resignation to enter provincial politics in Manitoba. No
Pontiac June 26, 1892 Thomas Murray      Liberal John Bryson      Conservative Election declared void. No
Frontenac June 10, 1892 George Airey Kirkpatrick      Conservative Hiram Augustus Calvin      Independent Conservative Appointed Lieutenant Governor of Ontario. No
L'Assomption May 31, 1892 Joseph Gauthier      Liberal Hormidas Jeannotte      Conservative Election declared void. No
Perth North May 19, 1892 James Nicol Grieve      Liberal James Nicol Grieve      Liberal Election declared void. Yes
York East May 11, 1892 Alexander Mackenzie      Liberal William Findlay Maclean      Independent Conservative Death No
Welland April 29, 1892 William Manley German      Liberal James A. Lowell      Liberal Election declared void. Yes
Carleton April 6, 1892 Newton Ramsay Colter      Liberal Newton Ramsay Colter      Liberal Election declared void. Yes
Prescott March 30, 1892 Isidore Proulx      Liberal Isidore Proulx      Liberal Election declared void. Yes
Northumberland West March 15, 1892 John Hargraft      Liberal George Guillet      Conservative Election declared void. No
Monck March 12, 1892 John Brown      Liberal Arthur Boyle      Conservative Election declared void. No
Brome March 10, 1892 Eugène Alphonse Dyer      Conservative Eugène Alphonse Dyer      Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Perth South March 10, 1892 James Trow      Liberal William Pridham      Conservative Election declared void. No
Montmorency March 10, 1892 Joseph Israël Tarte      Conservative Arthur-Joseph Turcotte      Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Montcalm March 5, 1892 Joseph Louis Euclide Dugas      Conservative Joseph Louis Euclide Dugas      Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Vaudreuil February 29, 1892 Henry Stanislas Harwood      Liberal Hugh McMillan      Conservative Election declared void. No
Two Mountains February 27, 1892 Jean-Baptiste Daoust      Conservative Joseph Girouard      Conservative Death Yes
Quebec West February 26, 1892 Thomas McGreevy      Liberal-Conservative John Hearn      Conservative Expelled from the House of Commons for corruption. Yes
London February 26, 1892 C.S. Hyman      Liberal John Carling      Liberal-Conservative Election declared void. No
Queen's February 25, 1892 George Gerald King      Liberal George Frederick Baird      Conservative King being declared not duly elected, 25 February 1892, George Frederick Baird was declared elected by a court decision. No
Simcoe East February 25, 1892 Philip Howard Spohn      Liberal William Humphrey Bennett      Conservative Election declared void. No
Huron West February 22, 1892 Malcolm Colin Cameron      Liberal James Colebrooke Patterson      Conservative Election declared void. No
Ontario South February 20, 1892 James Ironside Davidson      Liberal William Smith      Conservative Election declared void. No
Hastings East February 20, 1892 Samuel Barton Burdett      Liberal William Barton Northrup      Conservative Death No
King's February 13, 1892 Frederick William Borden      Liberal Frederick William Borden      Liberal Election declared void. Yes
Digby February 13, 1892 Edward Charles Bowers      Liberal Edward Charles Bowers      Liberal Election declared void. Yes
Elgin East February 12, 1892 Andrew B. Ingram      Liberal-Conservative Andrew B. Ingram      Liberal-Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Bruce East February 11, 1892 Reuben Eldridge Truax      Liberal Henry Cargill      Conservative Election declared void. No
Victoria South February 11, 1892 Charles Fairbairn      Liberal-Conservative Charles Fairbairn      Liberal-Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Peel February 11, 1892 Joseph Featherston      Liberal Joseph Featherston      Liberal Election declared void. Yes
Victoria North February 11, 1892 John Augustus Barron      Liberal Samuel Hughes      Liberal-Conservative Election declared void. No
Halifax February 11, 1892 Thomas Edward Kenny and John Fitzwilliam Stairs      Conservative Thomas Edward Kenny and John Fitzwilliam Stairs      Conservative Election declared void. (Double member constituency) Yes
Middlesex East February 11, 1892 Joseph Henry Marshall      Conservative Joseph Henry Marshall      Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Queens February 9, 1892 Francis Gordon Forbes      Liberal Francis Gordon Forbes      Liberal Election declared void. Yes
Prince Edward February 4, 1892 Archibald Campbell Miller      Conservative Archibald Campbell Miller      Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Lennox February 4, 1892 David Wright Allison      Liberal Uriah Wilson      Conservative Election declared void. No
Soulanges February 3, 1892 Joseph Octave Mousseau      Independent James William Bain      Conservative Election declared void. No
Cumberland January 30, 1892 Arthur Rupert Dickey      Conservative Arthur Rupert Dickey      Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Lincoln and Niagara January 28, 1892 William Gibson      Liberal William Gibson      Liberal Election declared void. Yes
Halton January 28, 1892 David Henderson      Conservative David Henderson      Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Kingston January 28, 1892 John A. Macdonald      Conservative James Henry Metcalfe      Conservative Death Yes
Victoria January 26, 1892 John Archibald McDonald      Conservative John Archibald McDonald      Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Laval January 25, 1892 Joseph-Aldric Ouimet      Liberal-Conservative Joseph-Aldric Ouimet      Liberal-Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Public Works. Yes
Richmond January 21, 1892 Joseph Alexander Gillies      Conservative Joseph Alexander Gillies      Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Glengarry January 14, 1892 Roderick R. McLennan      Conservative Roderick R. McLennan      Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Richelieu January 11, 1892 Hector-Louis Langevin      Conservative Arthur-Aimé Bruneau      Liberal Chose to sit for Trois-Rivières. No
Lanark North December 31, 1891 Joseph Jamieson      Conservative Bennett Rosamond      Conservative Appointed a county court judge. Yes


6th Parliament (1887–1891)[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Victoria South December 18, 1890 Adam Hudspeth      Conservative Charles Fairbairn      Liberal-Conservative Death Yes
Napierville December 9, 1890 Louis Ste-Marie      Liberal François-Xavier Paradis      Conservative Resigned to enter provincial politics in Quebec. No
Kent July 31, 1890 Pierre-Amand Landry      Conservative Édouard H. Léger      Conservative Appointed a judge in the county court of Westmorland and Kent. Yes
Montmorency July 25, 1890 Charles Langelier      Liberal Louis-Georges Desjardins      Conservative Resignation to enter provincial politics in Quebec. No
New Westminster June 19, 1890 Donald Chisholm      Conservative Gordon Edward Corbould      Conservative Death Yes
Lincoln and Niagara May 23, 1890 John Charles Rykert      Conservative John Charles Rykert      Conservative Resignation to recontest over charges of corruption. Yes
Ottawa (City of) April 26, 1890 William Goodhue Perley      Conservative Charles Herbert Mackintosh      Conservative Death Yes
Haldimand February 20, 1890 Charles Wesley Colter      Liberal Walter Humphries Montague      Conservative Election declared void. No
Stanstead December 18, 1889 Charles Carroll Colby      Liberal-Conservative Charles Carroll Colby      Liberal-Conservative Recontested upon appointment as President of the Privy Council. Yes
Victoria October 28, 1889 Edgar Crow Baker      Conservative Thomas Earle      Conservative Resignation. Yes
Compton May 16, 1889 John Henry Pope      Liberal-Conservative Rufus Henry Pope      Conservative Death Yes
Haldimand January 30, 1889 Walter Humphries Montague      Conservative Charles Wesley Colter      Liberal Election declared void. No
Provencher January 24, 1889 Joseph Royal      Conservative Alphonse Alfred Clément Larivière      Conservative Appointed Lieutenant-Governor of the North West Territories. Yes
Joliette January 16, 1889 Édouard Guilbault      Conservative Hilaire Neveu      Nationalist Election declared void. No
Cumberland December 26, 1888 Arthur Rupert Dickey      Conservative Arthur Rupert Dickey      Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Cariboo November 22, 1888 James Reid      Liberal-Conservative Francis Stillman Barnard      Conservative Called to the Senate. Yes
Northumberland East November 21, 1888 Edward Cochrane      Conservative Edward Cochrane      Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Shelburne October 22, 1888 John Wimburne Laurie      Conservative John Wimburne Laurie      Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Cardwell October 3, 1888 Thomas White      Conservative Robert Smeaton White      Conservative Death Yes
Montreal East September 26, 1888 Charles-Joseph Coursol      Conservative Alphonse-Télesphore Lépine      Independent Conservative Death No
Assiniboia East September 12, 1888 William Dell Perley      Conservative Edgar Dewdney      Conservative Called to the Senate Yes
Halton August 22, 1888 John Waldie      Conservative David Henderson      Conservative Election declared void. No
Lanark South August 15, 1888 John Graham Haggart      Liberal John Graham Haggart      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Postmaster-General. Yes
Colchester August 15, 1888 Archibald Woodbury McLelan      Conservative Adams George Archibald      Liberal-Conservative Appointed Lieutenant-Governor of Nova Scotia. Yes
Nicolet July 17, 1888 Athanase Gaudet      Nationalist Conservative Fabien Boisvert      Independent Conservative Death No
Cumberland July 13, 1888 Charles Tupper      Conservative Arthur Rupert Dickey      Conservative Appointed Canadian High Commissioner to the United Kingdom. Yes
Pictou June 18, 1888 Charles Hibbert Tupper      Conservative Charles Hibbert Tupper      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Marine and Fisheries. Yes
Russell May 7, 1888 William C. Edwards      Liberal William C. Edwards      Liberal Election declared void. Yes
Kent May 2, 1888 Archibald Campbell      Liberal Archibald Campbell      Liberal Election declared void. Yes
L'Assomption April 3, 1888 Joseph Gauthier      Liberal Joseph Gauthier      Liberal Election declared void. Yes
Missisquoi March 27, 1888 George Clayes      Liberal Daniel Bishop Meigs      Liberal Death Yes
Prince Edward March 19, 1888 John Milton Platt      Liberal John Milton Platt      Liberal Election declared void. Yes
Hastings West March 17, 1888 Alexander Robertson      Conservative Henry Corby, Jr.      Conservative Death Yes
Middlesex West March 10, 1888 William Frederick Roome      Conservative William Frederick Roome      Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Halton February 7, 1888 John Waldie      Liberal David Henderson      Conservative Election declared void. No
Carleton February 1, 1888 John A. Macdonald      Liberal-Conservative George Lemuel Dickinson      Conservative Chose to sit for Kingston. Yes
Victoria January 23, 1888 Noah Shakespeare      Conservative Edward Gawler Prior      Conservative Appointed Postmaster of Victoria. Yes
Queen's January 18, 1888 George Gerald King      Liberal George Frederick Baird      Conservative Election declared void. No
Dorchester January 7, 1888 Henri Jules Juchereau Duchesnay      Nationalist Conservative Honoré-Julien-Jean-Baptiste Chouinard      Conservative Death No
Northumberland East December 22, 1887 Albert Mallory      Liberal Edward Cochrane      Conservative Election declared void. No
Shelburne December 15, 1887 Thomas Robertson      Liberal John Wimburne Laurie      Conservative Election declared void. No
Yarmouth December 15, 1887 John Lovitt      Liberal John Lovitt      Liberal Election declared void. Yes
Victoria November 21, 1887 Charles James Campbell      Conservative John Archibald McDonald      Liberal Election declared void. No
Haldimand November 12, 1887 Walter Humphries Montague      Conservative Walter Humphries Montague      Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Cumberland November 9, 1887 Charles Tupper      Conservative Charles Tupper      Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Colchester October 27, 1887 Archibald Woodbury McLelan      Conservative Archibald Woodbury McLelan      Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Bruce West October 19, 1887 Edward Blake      Liberal James Rowand      Liberal Chose to sit for Durham West. Yes
Richelieu October 18, 1887 Jean-Baptiste Labelle      Conservative Joseph-Aimé Massue      Conservative Death Yes
Charlevoix September 28, 1887 Simon-Xavier Cimon      Conservative Simon Cimon      Conservative Death Yes
Renfrew South August 2, 1887 Robert Campbell      Liberal John Ferguson      Independent Death No
Digby July 16, 1887 John Campbell      Conservative Herbert Ladd Jones      Conservative Death Yes
Restigouche May 21, 1887 Robert Moffat      Conservative George Moffat Jr.      Conservative Death Yes
Victoria South April 20, 1887 Adam Hudspeth      Conservative Adam Hudspeth      Liberal-Conservative Seeks re-election due to holding the office of revising officer. Yes
Bruce East April 2, 1887 Henry Cargill      Conservative Henry Cargill      Conservative Seeks re-election due to holding the position of postmaster. Yes


5th Parliament (1883–1887)[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Haldimand September 8, 1886 David Thompson      Liberal Charles Wesley Colter      Liberal Death Yes
Chambly July 30, 1886 Pierre Basile Benoit      Conservative Raymond Préfontaine      Liberal Appointed Superintendent of the Chambly Canal. No
King's December 31, 1885 George Eulas Foster      Conservative George Eulas Foster      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Marine and Fisheries. Yes
City of St. John November 24, 1885 Samuel Leonard Tilley      Liberal-Conservative Frederick Eustace Barker      Conservative Appointed Lieutenant-Governor of New Brunswick. Yes
City and County of St. John October 20, 1885 Isaac Burpee      Liberal Charles Arthur Everett      Conservative Death No
Antigonish October 16, 1885 Angus McIsaac      Liberal John Sparrow David Thompson      Liberal-Conservative Appointed County Court Judge for District No. 6. No
Cardwell August 27, 1885 Thomas White      Conservative Thomas White      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of the Interior. Yes
Durham East August 24, 1885 Arthur Trefusis Heneage Williams      Conservative Henry Alfred Ward      Conservative Death Yes
Grenville South July 4, 1885 William Thomas Benson      Conservative Walter Shanly      Conservative Death Yes
Lévis April 14, 1885 Isidore-Noël Belleau      Conservative Pierre Malcom Guay      Liberal Unseated on a judgement of the Supreme Court. Yes
Northumberland West April 7, 1885 George Guillet      Conservative George Guillet      Conservative Election declared void Yes
Soulanges February 5, 1885 James William Bain      Conservative James William Bain      Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Lennox January 28, 1885 David Wright Allison      Liberal Matthew William Pruyn      Conservative Election declared void. No
Maskinongé December 22, 1884 Frédéric Houde      Nationalist Conservative Alexis Lesieur Desaulniers      Conservative Death. No
Beauce October 31, 1884 Joseph Bolduc      Nationalist Conservative Thomas Linière Taschereau      Conservative Called to the Senate. Yes
Ontario West August 22, 1884 George Wheler      Liberal James David Edgar      Liberal Resignation Yes
Queen's County August 19, 1884 Frederick de Sainte-Croix Brecken      Conservative John Theophilus Jenkins      Liberal-Conservative Appointed Postmaster of Charlottetown. Yes
Cape Breton July 3, 1884 William M. McDonald      Conservative Hector Francis McDougall      Liberal-Conservative Called to the Senate. Yes
York June 29, 1884 John Pickard      Independent Liberal Thomas Temple      Conservative Death No
Cumberland June 26, 1884 Charles Tupper      Conservative Charles James Townshend      Liberal-Conservative Appointed High Commissioner for Canada in the United Kingdom. Yes
Mégantic June 10, 1884 Louis-Israël Côté dit Fréchette      Conservative François Langelier      Liberal Election declared void. No
Nicolet April 16, 1884 François-Xavier-Ovide Méthot      Independent Conservative Athanase Gaudet      Nationalist Conservative Appointed to the Legislative Council of Quebec. No
Bothwell February 25, 1884 John Joseph Hawkins      Liberal-Conservative David Mills      Liberal Election declared void. No
Kent January 29, 1884 Henry Smyth      Conservative Henry Smyth      Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Soulanges December 27, 1883 Georges-Raoul-Léotale-Guichart-Humbert Saveuse de Beaujeu      Conservative James William Bain      Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Middlesex West December 14, 1883 George William Ross      Liberal Donald Mackenzie Cameron      Liberal Election declared void. Yes
Huron South December 10, 1883 John McMillan      Liberal Richard John Cartwright      Liberal Resignation to provide a seat for Cartwright. Yes
Lennox November 26, 1883 John A. Macdonald      Liberal-Conservative David Wright Allison      Liberal Election voided. Macdonald was concurrently elected in Carleton and chose to sit for that riding. No
Lévis October 25, 1883 Joseph-Godéric Blanchet      Liberal-Conservative Isidore-Noël Belleau      Conservative Appointed Collector of Customs for the Port of Quebec. Yes
Lunenburg October 10, 1883 Thomas Twining Keefler      Liberal Charles Edwin Kaulbach      Conservative Election declared void. No
Kent September 22, 1883 Gilbert Anselme Girouard      Conservative Pierre-Amand Landry      Conservative Appointed customs collector for Richibucto. Yes
Halifax July 24, 1883 Matthew Henry Richey      Liberal-Conservative John Fitzwilliam Stairs      Conservative Appointed Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia. Yes
Albert July 10, 1883 John Wallace      Liberal John Wallace      Liberal-Conservative Election declared void. No
King's County April 26, 1883 James Edwin Robertson      Liberal Augustine Colin MacDonald      Liberal-Conservative Robertson disqualified as he was a member of the Prince Edward Island Legislative Assembly at the time of the election. The seat was adjudicated to MacDonald. No
Queen's County February 27, 1883 John Theophilus Jenkins      Liberal-Conservative Frederick de Sainte-Croix Brecken      Conservative Jenkins' election being declared void, the seat was adjudicated to Mr. Brecken. Yes
Joliette December 7, 1882 Édouard Guilbault      Conservative Édouard Guilbault      Independent Conservative Election declared void. No
King's November 7, 1882 George Eulas Foster      Conservative George Eulas Foster      Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Soulanges October 27, 1882 Jacques Philippe Lantier      Conservative Georges-Raoul-Léotale-Guichart-Humbert Saveuse de Beaujeu      Conservative Death Yes
Bagot September 2, 1882 Joseph-Alfred Mousseau      Conservative Flavien Dupont      Conservative Resignation upon appointment as Premier of Quebec. Yes
Terrebonne August 16, 1882 Guillaume-Alphonse Nantel      Conservative Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau      Conservative Resignation to provide a seat for Chapleau. Yes


4th Parliament (1879–1882)[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
New Westminster March 9, 1882 Thomas Robert McInnes      Independent Joshua Homer      Liberal-Conservative Called to the Senate. No
Simcoe South February 16, 1882 William Carruthers Little      Liberal-Conservative Angus McIsaac      Conservative Death Yes
Northumberland West December 19, 1881 James Cockburn      Conservative George Guillet      Conservative Appointed Chairman of the Commission to collect, examine and classify the Statutes passed by the Parliament of the Dominion of Canada, since Confederation Yes
Argenteuil August 17, 1881 John Joseph Caldwell Abbott      Liberal-Conservative John Joseph Caldwell Abbott      Liberal-Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Pictor June 18, 1881 James McDonald      Conservative John McDougald      Liberal-Conservative Appointed Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Nova Scotia. Yes
Colchester June 18, 1881 Thomas McKay      Liberal-Conservative Archibald McLelan      Conservative Called to the Senate. Yes
Colchester March 31, 1881 Joshua Spencer Thompson      Liberal-Conservative James Reid      Liberal-Conservative Death Yes
Northumberland East March 25, 1881 Joseph Keeler      Liberal-Conservative Darius Crouter      Independent Liberal Death No
Bellechasse March 19, 1881 Achille Larue      Liberal Guillaume Amyot      Conservative Election declared void. No
Charlevoix March 19, 1881 Joseph-Stanislas Perrault      Conservative Simon-Xavier Cimon      Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Carleton February 16, 1881 George H. Connell      Independent David Irvine      Liberal Death No
Joliette December 9, 1880 Louis François Georges Baby      Conservative Lewis Arthur McConville      Conservative Appointed a judge of the Superior Court of Quebec Yes
Oxford North December 9, 1880 Thomas Oliver      Liberal James Sutherland      Liberal Death Yes
Montmorency December 9, 1880 Auguste-Réal Angers      Conservative Pierre-Vincent Valin      Conservative Appointed a judge of the Superior Court of Quebec. Yes
Quebec County November 20, 1880 Adolphe-Philippe Caron      Conservative Adolphe-Philippe Caron      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Militia and Defence. Yes
Bagot November 20, 1880 Joseph-Alfred Mousseau      Conservative Joseph-Alfred Mousseau      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as President of the Privy Council. Yes
Brome October 18, 1880 Edmund Leavens Chandler      Liberal David Ames Manson      Liberal-Conservative Death No
Selkirk September 10, 1880 Donald Smith      Independent Conservative Thomas Scott      Conservative Election declared void. No
Ontario North August 28, 1880 George Wheler      Liberal George Wheler      Liberal Election declared void. Yes
West Toronto August 28, 1880 John Beverly Robinson      Conservative James Beaty, Jr.      Conservative Appointed Lieutenant-Governor of Ontario. Yes
Châteauguay April 17, 1880 Luther Hamilton Holton      Liberal Edward Holton      Liberal Death Yes
Montmorency February 14, 1880 Pierre-Vincent Valin      Conservative Auguste-Réal Angers      Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Argenteuil February 12, 1880 Thomas Christie      Liberal John Joseph Caldwell Abbott      Liberal-Conservative Election declared void. No
Cornwall January 27, 1880 Darby Bergin      Liberal-Conservative Darby Bergin      Liberal-Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Lanark North January 22, 1880 Daniel Galbraith      Liberal Donald Greenfield MacDonell      Liberal Death Yes
Provencher December 30, 1879 Joseph Dubuc      Conservative Joseph Royal      Conservative Appointed a Judge of the Court of Queen's Bench for Manitoba. Yes
Durham West November 17, 1879 Harvey William Burk      Liberal Edward Blake      Liberal Resignation to provide a seat for Blake. Yes
Cape Breton October 23, 1879 Hugh McLeod      Liberal-Conservative William McKenzie McLeod      Liberal-Conservative Death Yes
Yale September 29, 1879 Edgar Dewdney      Conservative Francis Jones Barnard      Conservative Appointed Indian Commissioner of Manitoba and the North West Territories. Yes
Bonaventure August 26, 1879 Théodore Robitaille      Conservative Pierre-Clovis Beauchesne      Conservative Appointed Lieutenant Governor of Quebec. Yes
Yamaska July 7, 1879 Charles-Ignace Gill      Conservative Fabien Vanasse dit Vertefeuille      Conservative Appointed a judge to the Quebec Superior Court. Yes
Niagara March 20, 1879 Patrick Hughes      Liberal Josiah Burr Plumb      Conservative Election declared void. No
Hastings East February 25, 1879 John White      Conservative John White      Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Charlevoix February 13, 1879 Pierre-Alexis Tremblay      Liberal Joseph-Stanislas Perrault      Conservative Death No
Beauharnois January 9, 1879 Michael Cayley      Conservative Joseph Gédéon H. Bergeron      Conservative Death Yes
Marquette November 30, 1878 John A. Macdonald      Liberal-Conservative Joseph O'Connell Ryan      Liberal MacDonald was elected in several seats simultaneously, resigned to run in Ministerial by-election in Victoria. No
Three Rivers November 21, 1878 William McDougall      Conservative Hector-Louis Langevin      Conservative Resignation to provide a seat for Langevin. Yes
Joliette November 14, 1878 Louis François Georges Baby      Conservative Louis François Georges Baby      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Inland Revenue. Yes
Queens County November 9, 1878 James Colledge Pope      Conservative James Colledge Pope      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Marine and Fisheries. Yes
Hastings North November 6, 1878 Mackenzie Bowell      Conservative Mackenzie Bowell      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Customs. Yes
Terrebonne November 6, 1878 Louis-Rodrigue Masson      Conservative Louis-Rodrigue Masson      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Militia and Defence. Yes
City of St. John November 4, 1878 Samuel Leonard Tilley      Liberal-Conservative Samuel Leonard Tilley      Liberal-Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Finance. Yes
Pictou November 4, 1878 James McDonald      Conservative James McDonald      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Justice and Attorney General. Yes
Russell November 4, 1878 John O'Connor      Conservative John O'Connor      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as President of the Privy Council. Yes
Compton November 4, 1878 John Henry Pope      Liberal-Conservative John Henry Pope      Liberal-Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Agriculture. Yes
Cumberland November 4, 1878 Charles Tupper      Conservative Charles Tupper      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Public Works. Yes
Huron Centre November 2, 1878 Horace Horton      Liberal Richard John Cartwright      Liberal Appointment in the office of the Auditor-General of Canada. Yes


3rd Parliament (1874–1878)[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
New Westminster March 25, 1878 James Cunningham      Liberal Thomas Robert McInnes      Independent Resignation No
Northumberland February 5, 1878 Peter Mitchell      Independent Peter Mitchell      Independent Resignation to re-contest after being accused of violating the Independence of Parliament Act by leasing a building to the government while he was a senator. Yes
Halifax January 29, 1878 Alfred Gilpin Jones      Independent Alfred Gilpin Jones      Independent Resignation to re-contest because of an alleged breach of the Independence of Parliament Act. Yes
Digby January 19, 1878 William Berrian Vail      Liberal John Chipman Wade      Conservative Resignation to re-contest due to conflict of interest allegations. No
Restigouche January 12, 1878 George Moffat Sr.      Conservative George Haddow      Independent Resignation No
Nicolet December 18, 1877 Joseph Gaudet      Conservative François-Xavier-Ovide Méthot      Independent Conservative Appointed to the Legislative Council of Quebec No
Quebec East November 28, 1877 Isidore Thibaudeau      Liberal Wilfrid Laurier      Liberal Resignation to provide a seat for Laurier. Yes
Quebec-Centre November 3, 1877 Joseph Édouard Cauchon      Conservative Jacques Malouin      Independent Appointed Lieutenant-Governor of Manitoba. No
Drummond—Arthabaska October 27, 1877 Wilfrid Laurier      Liberal Désiré Olivier Bourbeau      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Inland Revenue. No
Gloucester July 2, 1877 Timothy Anglin      Liberal Timothy Anglin      Liberal Resignation to re-contest after being found in violation of the Independence of Parliament Act for accepting government printing contracts, and being censured by the House of Commons Committee on Privilege. Yes
Ottawa (City of) May 9, 1877 Joseph Merrill Currier      Liberal-Conservative Joseph Merrill Currier      Liberal-Conservative Resignation to re-contest for having infringed the Independence of Parliament Act by conducting business dealings with the government while still a member. Yes
Lincoln May 9, 1877 James Norris      Liberal James Norris      Liberal Resigns in order to re-contest after acquiring a government contract.[4] Yes
Charlevoix March 23, 1877 Hector-Louis Langevin      Conservative Hector-Louis Langevin      Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Kamouraska February 19, 1877 Charles Alphonse Pantaléon Pelletier      Liberal Charles-François Roy      Conservative Called to the Senate. No
Jacques Cartier December 28, 1876 Rodolphe Laflamme      Liberal Rodolphe Laflamme      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Inland Revenue. Yes
Cardwell December 14, 1876 John Hillyard Cameron      Conservative Dalton McCarthy      Conservative Death Yes
Queen's County November 22, 1876 David Laird      Liberal James Colledge Pope      Conservative Appointed Lieutenant-Governor of the North West Territories. No
Bothwell November 15, 1876 David Mills      Liberal David Mills      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of the Interior and Superintendent General of Indian Affairs. Yes
Beauce October 18, 1876 Christian Henry Pozer      Liberal Joseph Bolduc      Conservative Called to the Senate. No
Victoria September 21, 1876 Barclay Edmund Tremaine      Liberal Charles James Campbell      Conservative Appointed a County Court judge. No
Glengarry July 31, 1876 Archibald McNab      Liberal Archibald McNab      Liberal Election declared void. Yes
Ontario South July 5, 1876 Malcolm Cameron      Liberal Thomas Nicholson Gibbs      Liberal-Conservative Death No
Ontario North July 5, 1876 Adam Gordon      Liberal William Henry Gibbs      Conservative Death No
Wellington South July 5, 1876 David Stirton      Liberal Donald Guthrie      Liberal Appointed Postmaster of Guelph. Yes
Middlesex North June 7, 1876 Thomas Scatcherd      Liberal Robert Colin Scatcherd      Liberal Death Yes.
Two Mountains March 11, 1876 Charles Auguste Maximilien Globensky      Independent Jean-Baptiste Daoust      Conservative Resignation No
Charlevoix January 22, 1876 Pierre-Alexis Tremblay      Liberal Hector-Louis Langevin      Conservative Election declared void. No
Renfrew North January 21, 1876 William Murray      Liberal Peter White      Conservative Election declared void. No
Chambly January 7, 1876 Amable Jodoin      Liberal Pierre Basile Benoit      Conservative Election declared void. No
Argenteuil December 31, 1875 Lemuel Cushing, Jr.      Liberal Thomas Christie      Liberal Election declared void. Yes
Quebec-Centre December 27, 1875 Joseph Édouard Cauchon      Conservative Joseph Édouard Cauchon      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as President of the Privy Council. Yes
Dorchester December 24, 1875 François Fortunat Rouleau      Liberal-Conservative François Fortunat Rouleau      Liberal-Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Montreal Centre November 26, 1875 Bernard Devlin      Liberal Bernard Devlin      Liberal Election declared void. Yes
Bellechasse November 23, 1875 Télesphore Fournier      Liberal Joseph Goderic Blanchet      Conservative Appointed to the Supreme Court of Canada. No
West Toronto November 6, 1875 Thomas Moss      Liberal John Beverly Robinson      Conservative Appointed to the Court of Appeal of Ontario No
Montreal West October 30, 1875 Frederick Mackenzie      Liberal Thomas Workman      Liberal Election declared void. Yes
Victoria North September 17, 1875 James Maclennan      Liberal Hector Cameron      Conservative Court overturns result of 1874 by-election and declared Cameron seated. No
Gaspé July 10, 1875 Louis George Harper      Conservative John Short      Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Glengarry July 7, 1875 Donald Alexander Macdonald      Liberal Archibald McNab      Liberal Appointed Lieutenant-Governor of Ontario. Yes
Perth North July 7, 1875 Andrew Monteith      Conservative Andrew Monteith      Conservative Election declared void. Yes
York North June 29, 1875 Alfred Hutchinson Dymond      Liberal Alfred Hutchinson Dymond      Liberal Election declared void. Yes
Monck June 22, 1875 Lachlin McCallum      Liberal-Conservative Lachlin McCallum      Liberal-Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Napierville June 19, 1875 Sixte Coupal dit la Reine      Liberal Sixte Coupal dit la Reine      Liberal Election declared void. Yes
Bruce South June 2, 1875 Edward Blake      Liberal Edward Blake      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Justice. Yes
Toronto Centre May 21, 1875 Robert Wilkes      Liberal John Macdonald      Liberal Election declared void. Yes
Hamilton May 20, 1875 Andrew Trew Wood and Aemilius Irving      Liberal Aemilius Irving and Andrew Trew Wood      Liberal Double member constituency - elections declared void. Yes
Victoria April 28, 1875 Charles James Campbell      Conservative Barclay Edmund Tremaine      Liberal Campbell unseated by decision of the Supreme Court of Nova Scotia., 28 February 1875; Tremaine declared duly elected by decision of Election Court, 28 April 1875 No
Provencher March 31, 1875 Louis Riel      Independent Andrew Bannatyne      Liberal Unseated from the House of Commons and declared an outlaw, 25 February 1875 No
Wellington North March 18, 1875 Nathaniel Higinbotham      Liberal Nathaniel Higinbotham      Liberal Election declared void. Yes
Berthier February 27, 1875 Anselme-Homère Pâquet      Liberal Edward Octavian Cuthbert      Conservative Called to the Senate. No
Two Mountains February 26, 1875 Wilfrid Prévost      Liberal Charles Auguste Maximilien Globensky      Independent Election declared void No
Renfrew South February 20, 1875 John Lorn McDougall      Liberal John Lorn McDougall      Liberal Election declared void. Yes
London February 18, 1875 John Walker      Liberal James Harshaw Fraser      Liberal-Conservative Election declared void No
Huron South February 11, 1875 Malcolm Colin Cameron      Liberal Thomas Greenway      Independent Election declared void. No
Middlesex East January 28, 1875 Crowell Willson      Liberal-Conservative Duncan Macmillan      Liberal-Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Halton January 25, 1875 Daniel Black Chisholm      Liberal-Conservative William McCraney      Liberal Election declared void. No
Toronto East January 18, 1875 John O'Donohoe      Liberal-Conservative Samuel Platt      Independent Election declared void. No
L'Assomption January 16, 1875 Hilaire Hurteau      Liberal-Conservative Hilaire Hurteau      Liberal-Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Montreal Centre January 12, 1875 Michael Patrick Ryan      Liberal-Conservative Bernard Devlin      Liberal Election declared void. No
Chambly December 30, 1874 Pierre Basile Benoit      Conservative Amable Jodoin      Liberal Election declared void. No
Kingston December 29, 1874 John A. Macdonald      Liberal-Conservative John A. Macdonald      Liberal-Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Simcoe North December 26, 1874 Herman Henry Cook      Liberal Herman Henry Cook      Liberal Election declared void. Yes
Victoria North December 22, 1874 James Maclennan      Liberal James Maclennan      Liberal Election declared void. Yes
Niagara December 22, 1874 Josiah Burr Plumb      Conservative Josiah Burr Plumb      Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Victoria December 17, 1874 William Ross      Liberal Charles James Campbell      Conservative Appointed to Collector of Customs at Halifax. No
Colchester December 17, 1874 Thomas McKay      Liberal-Conservative Thomas McKay      Liberal-Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Leeds North and Grenville North December 16, 1874 Charles Frederick Ferguson      Liberal-Conservative Charles Frederick Ferguson      Liberal-Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Norfolk South December 16, 1874 John Stuart      Liberal William Wallace      Conservative Election declared void. No
Wellington Centre December 13, 1874 George Turner Orton      Liberal-Conservative George Turner Orton      Liberal-Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Northumberland East December 12, 1874 James Lyons Biggar      Independent Liberal James Lyons Biggar      Independent Liberal Election declared void. Yes
Joliette December 10, 1874 Louis François Georges Baby      Conservative Louis François Georges Baby      Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Montreal West December 10, 1874 Frederick Mackenzie      Liberal Frederick Mackenzie      Liberal Election declared void. Yes
Richmond—Wolfe December 4, 1874 Henry Aylmer      Liberal Henry Aylmer      Liberal Election declared void. Yes
Northumberland West November 17, 1874 William Kerr      Liberal William Kerr      Liberal Election declared void. Yes
Lincoln November 17, 1874 James Norris      Liberal James Norris      Liberal Election declared void. Yes
Argenteuil November 4, 1874 John Abbott      Liberal-Conservative Lemuel Cushing, Jr.      Liberal Election declared void. No
Renfrew North November 4, 1874 Peter White      Conservative William Murray      Liberal Election declared void. No
Addington October 28, 1874 Schuyler Shibley      Conservative Schuyler Shibley      Liberal-Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Digby October 26, 1874 Edwin Randolph Oakes      Liberal-Conservative William Berrian Vail      Liberal Appointed to the Legislative Council of Nova Scotia. No
Renfrew South October 24, 1874 John Lorn McDougall      Liberal John Lorn McDougall      Liberal Election declared void. Yes
Essex October 22, 1874 William McGregor      Liberal William McGregor      Liberal Election declared void. Yes
Cornwall October 20, 1874 Alexander Francis Macdonald      Liberal Alexander Francis Macdonald      Liberal Election declared void. Yes
Provencher September 3, 1874 Louis Riel      Independent Louis Riel      Independent Expelled from the House of Commons Yes
Marquette August 25, 1874 Robert Cunningham      Liberal Joseph O'Connell Ryan      Liberal Death, Ryan awarded seat upon re-examination of votes cast. Yes
Elgin East August 11, 1874 William Harvey      Liberal Colin MacDougall      Liberal Death Yes
Napierville August 4, 1874 Antoine Aimé Dorion      Liberal Sixte Coupal dit la Reine      Liberal Appointed Chief Justice of Quebec. Yes
Verchères July 25, 1874 Félix Geoffrion      Liberal Félix Geoffrion      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Inland Revenue. Yes
Oxford South May 23, 1874 Ebenezer Vining Bodwell      Liberal James Atchison Skinner      Liberal Appointed Superintendent of the Welland Canal. Yes
Durham West April 7, 1874 Edmund B. Wood      Liberal Harvey William Burk      Liberal Appointed Chief Justice of Manitoba. Yes


2nd Parliament (1873–1874)[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Victoria December 20, 1873 William Ross      Liberal William Ross      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Militia Yes
Antigonish December 20, 1873 Hugh McDonald      Liberal-Conservative Angus McIsaac      Liberal Appointed a Judge of the Supreme Court of Nova Scotia No
West Toronto December 18, 1873 John Willoughby Crawford      Conservative Thomas Moss      Liberal Death No
Bruce South December 14, 1873 Edward Blake      Liberal Edward Blake      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister without portfolio Yes
Shelburne December 9, 1873 Thomas Coffin      Liberal-Conservative Thomas Coffin      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Receiver-General of Canada No
Lennox December 3, 1873 Richard John Cartwright      Liberal Richard John Cartwright      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Finance Yes
Queen's County December 3, 1873 David Laird      Liberal David Laird      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of the Interior Yes
City of St. John December 1, 1873 Samuel Leonard Tilley      Liberal-Conservative Jeremiah Smith Boies De Veber      Liberal Appointed Lieutenant-Governor of New Brunswick No
City and County of St. John December 1, 1873 Isaac Burpee      Liberal Isaac Burpee      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Customs Yes
Westmorland November 28, 1873 Albert James Smith      Liberal Albert James Smith      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Marine and Fisheries Yes
Bellechasse November 27, 1873 Télesphore Fournier      Liberal Télesphore Fournier      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Inland Revenue Yes
Napierville November 27, 1873 Antoine-Aimé Dorion      Liberal Antoine-Aimé Dorion      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Justice Yes
Glengarry November 26, 1873 Donald Alexander Macdonald      Liberal Donald Alexander Macdonald      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Postmaster-General Yes
Lambton November 25, 1873 Alexander Mackenzie      Liberal Alexander Mackenzie      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Prime Minister and Minister of Public Works Yes
Laval October 28, 1873 Joseph-Hyacinthe Bellerose      Conservative Joseph-Aldric Ouimet      Liberal-Conservative Called to the Senate Yes
Provencher October 13, 1873 George-Étienne Cartier      Liberal-Conservative Louis Riel      Independent Death No
Prince County September 29, 1873 New seat James Colledge Pope and James Yeo Conservative and Liberal Held as a result of Prince Edward Island joining Confederation. Elected 2 MPs. NA
Queen's County September 29, 1873 New seat David Laird and Peter Sinclair      Liberal Held as a result of Prince Edward Island joining Confederation. Elected 2 MPs. NA
King's County September 29, 1873 New Seat Daniel Davies and Augustine Colin Macdonald      Conservative and Liberal-Conservative Held as a result of Prince Edward Island joining Confederation. Elected 2 MPs. NA
Carleton September 18, 1873 Charles Connell      Liberal Stephen B. Appleby      Liberal Death Yes
Antigonish July 7, 1873 Hugh McDonald      Liberal-Conservative Hugh McDonald      Liberal-Conservative Recontested upon appointment as President of the Privy Council Yes
Ontario South July 7, 1873 Thomas Nicholson Gibbs      Liberal-Conservative Thomas Nicholson Gibbs      Liberal-Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Secretary of State for the Provinces and Superintendent General

of Indian Affairs

Yes
Hants July 5, 1873 Joseph Howe      Liberal-Conservative Monson Henry Goudge      Liberal Appointed Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia. No
Durham West April 10, 1873 Edward Blake      Liberal Edmund Burke Wood      Liberal Chose to sit for Bruce South. Yes
Quebec County March 28, 1873 Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau      Conservative Adolphe-Philippe Caron      Conservative Called to the Senate Yes
Bonaventure February 15, 1873 Théodore Robitaille      Conservative Théodore Robitaille      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Receiver-General Yes
Welland November 23, 1872 Thomas Clark Street      Conservative William Alexander Thomson      Liberal Death No


1st Parliament (1867–1872)[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Yale District December 19, 1871 New seat Charles Frederick Houghton      Liberal New riding as a result of British Columbia joining Confederation. NA
Cariboo December 19, 1871 New seat Joshua Spencer Thompson      Liberal-Conservative New riding as a result of British Columbia joining Confederation. NA
Vancouver Island December 15, 1871 New seat Robert Wallace      Conservative New riding as a result of British Columbia joining Confederation. NA
New Westminster December 13, 1871 New seat Hugh Nelson      Liberal-Conservative New riding as a result of British Columbia joining Confederation. NA
Victoria November 24, 1871 New seat Henry Nathan, Jr. and Amor De Cosmos      Liberal New riding as a result of British Columbia joining Confederation. Two MPs elected NA
Brome November 17, 1871 Christopher Dunkin      Conservative Edward Carter      Conservative Appointed to the Superior Court of Quebec Yes
Compton November 11, 1871 John Henry Pope      Conservative John Henry Pope      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Agriculture Yes
Montcalm September 15, 1871 Joseph Dufresne      Conservative Firmin Dugas      Conservative Appointed Sheriff of the County of St. John Yes
Algoma June 30, 1871 Wemyss Mackenzie Simpson      Conservative Frederick William Cumberland      Conservative Appointed Indian Commissioner for the North Yes
Hastings East March 20, 1871 Robert Read      Conservative John White      Conservative Called to the Senate Yes
Provencher March 3, 1871 New seat Pierre Delorme      Conservative New riding as a result of Manitoba joining Confederation. NA
Selkirk March 2, 1871 New seat Donald Alexander Smith      Independent Conservative New riding as a result of Manitoba joining Confederation. NA
Lisgar March 2, 1871 New seat John Christian Schultz      Conservative New riding as a result of Manitoba joining Confederation. NA
Marquette March 2, 1871 New seat James S. Lynch and Angus McKay Liberal and Conservative New riding as a result of Manitoba joining Confederation. Two MPs elected due to a tie. NA
Restigouche November 29, 1870 William Murray Caldwell      Liberal George Moffat, Sr.      Conservative Appointed Inspector of Post Offices in New Brunswick No
Richelieu November 18, 1870 Thomas McCarthy      Conservative Georges Isidore Barthe      Independent Conservative Death No
Colchester November 8, 1870 Adams George Archibald      Liberal-Conservative Frederick M. Pearson      Liberal Appointed Lieutenant-Governor of Manitoba and the North-West Territories No
St. Hyacinthe September 1, 1870 Alexandre-Édouard Kierzkowski      Liberal Louis Delorme      Liberal Death Yes
Bellechasse August 15, 1870 Louis-Napoléon Casault      Conservative Télesphore Fournier      Liberal Appointed to Superior Court of Quebec No
Quebec East July 18, 1870 Pierre-Gabriel Huot      Liberal Adolphe Guillet dit Tourangeau      Conservative Appointed Postmaster at Quebec No
Missisquoi July 5, 1870 Brown Chamberlin      Conservative George Barnard Baker      Liberal-Conservative Appointed Queen's Printer Yes
Kings June 23, 1870 William Henry Chipman      Anti-Confederate Leverett de Veber Chipman      Liberal Death No
Cumberland June 15, 1870 Charles Tupper      Conservative Charles Tupper      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as President of the Privy Council Yes
Frontenac April 27, 1870 Thomas Kirkpatrick      Conservative George Airey Kirkpatrick      Conservative Death Yes
Brome November 29, 1869 Christopher Dunkin      Conservative Christopher Dunkin      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Agriculture Yes
Lanark South November 29, 1869 Alexander Morris      Conservative Alexander Morris      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Inland Revenue Yes
Renfrew South November 29, 1869 Daniel McLachlin      Liberal John Lorn McDougall      Liberal Resignation Yes
Renfrew North November 13, 1869 John Rankin      Liberal-Conservative Francis Hincks      Conservative Resignation to provide a seat for Hincks Yes
Huntingdon October 30, 1869 John Rose      Liberal-Conservative Julius Scriver      Liberal Resignation to move to London where he acted as the Prime Minister's unofficial representative to the UK. No
Colchester September 9, 1869 Archibald McLelan      Anti-Confederate Adams George Archibald      Liberal-Conservative Called to the Senate No
L'Islet July 14, 1869 Barthélemy Pouliot      Conservative Barthélemy Pouliot      Conservative Election annulled Yes
Wellington Centre July 12, 1869 Thomas Sutherland Parker      Liberal James Ross      Liberal Death Yes
Hants April 24, 1869 Joseph Howe      Anti-Confederate Joseph Howe      Liberal-Conservative Recontested upon appointment as President of the Privy Council No
Yarmouth April 20, 1869 Thomas Killam      Anti-Confederate Frank Killam      Liberal Death No
Richmond April 20, 1869 William Joseph Croke      Anti-Confederate Isaac LeVesconte      Conservative Death No
Kamouraska February 17, 1869 Vacant Charles Alphonse Pantaléon Pelletier      Liberal No election held in 1867 due to riots NA
Northumberland December 24, 1868 John Mercer Johnson      Liberal Richard Hutchison      Liberal Death Yes
Saint Maurice October 30, 1868 Louis-Léon Lesieur Desaulniers      Conservative Élie Lacerte      Conservative Appointed inspector of prisons and asylums in Quebec Yes
York October 28, 1868 Charles Fisher      Liberal John Pickard      Independent Liberal Appointed to New Brunswick Supreme Court No
Three Rivers October 17, 1868 Louis-Charles Boucher de Niverville      Conservative William McDougall      Conservative Appointed sheriff for the district of Trois-Rivières Yes
York West August 14, 1868 William Pearce Howland      Liberal-Conservative Amos Wright      Liberal Appointed Lieutenant-Governor of Ontario No
Montreal West April 20, 1868 Thomas D'Arcy McGee      Liberal-Conservative Michael Patrick Ryan      Liberal-Conservative Death (assassinated) Yes
Lincoln April 13, 1868 James Rea Benson      Liberal-Conservative Thomas Rodman Merritt      Liberal Called to the Senate No
Restigouche March 13, 1868 John McMillan      Liberal William Murray Caldwell      Liberal Appointed Inspector of Post Offices in New Brunswick Yes
Montmorency December 11, 1867 Joseph Cauchon      Conservative Jean Langlois      Conservative Called to the Senate Yes
Huntingdon November 28, 1867 John Rose      Liberal-Conservative John Rose      Liberal-Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Finance Yes


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