By-elections to the 2nd Canadian Parliament

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By-elections to the 2nd Canadian Parliament were held to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons between the 1872 federal election and the 1874 federal election. The Conservative Party of Canada led a majority government for most of the 2nd Canadian Parliament.

The list includes Ministerial by-elections which occurred due to the requirement that Members of Parliament recontest their seats upon being appointed to Cabinet. These by-elections were almost always uncontested. This requirement was abolished in 1931.

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Victoria December 20, 1873 William Ross      Liberal William Ross      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Militia Yes
Antigonish December 20, 1873 Hugh McDonald      Liberal-Conservative Angus McIsaac      Liberal Appointed a Judge of the Supreme Court of Nova Scotia No
West Toronto December 18, 1873 John Willoughby Crawford      Conservative Thomas Moss      Liberal Death No
Bruce South December 14, 1873 Edward Blake      Liberal Edward Blake      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister without portfolio Yes
Shelburne December 9, 1873 Thomas Coffin      Liberal-Conservative Thomas Coffin      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Receiver-General of Canada No
Lennox December 3, 1873 Richard John Cartwright      Liberal Richard John Cartwright      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Finance Yes
Queen's County December 3, 1873 David Laird      Liberal David Laird      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of the Interior Yes
City of St. John December 1, 1873 Samuel Leonard Tilley      Liberal-Conservative Jeremiah Smith Boies De Veber      Liberal Appointed Lieutenant-Governor of New Brunswick No
City and County of St. John December 1, 1873 Isaac Burpee      Liberal Isaac Burpee      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Customs Yes
Westmorland November 28, 1873 Albert James Smith      Liberal Albert James Smith      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Marine and Fisheries Yes
Bellechasse November 27, 1873 Télesphore Fournier      Liberal Télesphore Fournier      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Inland Revenue Yes
Napierville November 27, 1873 Antoine-Aimé Dorion      Liberal Antoine-Aimé Dorion      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Justice Yes
Glengarry November 26, 1873 Donald Alexander Macdonald      Liberal Donald Alexander Macdonald      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Postmaster-General Yes
Lambton November 25, 1873 Alexander Mackenzie      Liberal Alexander Mackenzie      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Prime Minister and Minister of Public Works Yes
Laval October 28, 1873 Joseph-Hyacinthe Bellerose      Conservative Joseph-Aldric Ouimet      Liberal-Conservative Called to the Senate Yes
Provencher October 13, 1873 George-Étienne Cartier      Liberal-Conservative Louis Riel      Independent Death No
Prince County September 29, 1873 New seat James Colledge Pope and James Yeo Conservative and Liberal Held as a result of Prince Edward Island joining Confederation. Elected 2 MPs. NA
Queen's County September 29, 1873 New seat David Laird and Peter Sinclair      Liberal Held as a result of Prince Edward Island joining Confederation. Elected 2 MPs. NA
King's County September 29, 1873 New Seat Daniel Davies and Augustine Colin Macdonald      Conservative and Liberal-Conservative Held as a result of Prince Edward Island joining Confederation. Elected 2 MPs. NA
Carleton September 18, 1873 Charles Connell      Liberal Stephen B. Appleby      Liberal Death Yes
Antigonish July 7, 1873 Hugh McDonald      Liberal-Conservative Hugh McDonald      Liberal-Conservative Recontested upon appointment as President of the Privy Council Yes
Ontario South July 7, 1873 Thomas Nicholson Gibbs      Liberal-Conservative Thomas Nicholson Gibbs      Liberal-Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Secretary of State for the Provinces and Superintendent General

of Indian Affairs

Yes
Hants July 5, 1873 Joseph Howe      Liberal-Conservative Monson Henry Goudge      Liberal Appointed Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia. No
Durham West April 10, 1873 Edward Blake      Liberal Edmund Burke Wood      Liberal Chose to sit for Bruce South. Yes
Quebec County March 28, 1873 Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau      Conservative Adolphe-Philippe Caron      Conservative Called to the Senate Yes
Bonaventure February 15, 1873 Théodore Robitaille      Conservative Théodore Robitaille      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Receiver-General Yes
Welland November 23, 1872 Thomas Clark Street      Conservative William Alexander Thomson      Liberal Death No


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