By-elections to the 6th Canadian Parliament

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By-elections to the 6th Canadian Parliament were held to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons between the 1887 federal election and the 1891 federal election. The Conservative Party of Canada led a majority government for the 6th Canadian Parliament.

The list includes Ministerial by-elections which occurred due to the requirement that Members of Parliament recontest their seats upon being appointed to Cabinet. These by-elections were almost always uncontested. This requirement was abolished in 1931.

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Victoria South December 18, 1890 Adam Hudspeth      Conservative Charles Fairbairn      Liberal-Conservative Death Yes
Napierville December 9, 1890 Louis Ste-Marie      Liberal François-Xavier Paradis      Conservative Resigned to enter provincial politics in Quebec. No
Kent July 31, 1890 Pierre-Amand Landry      Conservative Édouard H. Léger      Conservative Appointed a judge in the county court of Westmorland and Kent. Yes
Montmorency July 25, 1890 Charles Langelier      Liberal Louis-Georges Desjardins      Conservative Resignation to enter provincial politics in Quebec. No
New Westminster June 19, 1890 Donald Chisholm      Conservative Gordon Edward Corbould      Conservative Death Yes
Lincoln and Niagara May 23, 1890 John Charles Rykert      Conservative John Charles Rykert      Conservative Resignation to recontest over charges of corruption. Yes
Ottawa (City of) April 26, 1890 William Goodhue Perley      Conservative Charles Herbert Mackintosh      Conservative Death Yes
Haldimand February 20, 1890 Charles Wesley Colter      Liberal Walter Humphries Montague      Conservative Election declared void. No
Stanstead December 18, 1889 Charles Carroll Colby      Liberal-Conservative Charles Carroll Colby      Liberal-Conservative Recontested upon appointment as President of the Privy Council. Yes
Victoria October 28, 1889 Edgar Crow Baker      Conservative Thomas Earle      Conservative Resignation. Yes
Compton May 16, 1889 John Henry Pope      Liberal-Conservative Rufus Henry Pope      Conservative Death Yes
Haldimand January 30, 1889 Walter Humphries Montague      Conservative Charles Wesley Colter      Liberal Election declared void. No
Provencher January 24, 1889 Joseph Royal      Conservative Alphonse Alfred Clément Larivière      Conservative Appointed Lieutenant-Governor of the North West Territories. Yes
Joliette January 16, 1889 Édouard Guilbault      Conservative Hilaire Neveu      Nationalist Election declared void. No
Cumberland December 26, 1888 Arthur Rupert Dickey      Conservative Arthur Rupert Dickey      Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Cariboo November 22, 1888 James Reid      Liberal-Conservative Francis Stillman Barnard      Conservative Called to the Senate. Yes
Northumberland East November 21, 1888 Edward Cochrane      Conservative Edward Cochrane      Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Shelburne October 22, 1888 John Wimburne Laurie      Conservative John Wimburne Laurie      Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Cardwell October 3, 1888 Thomas White      Conservative Robert Smeaton White      Conservative Death Yes
Montreal East September 26, 1888 Charles-Joseph Coursol      Conservative Alphonse-Télesphore Lépine      Independent Conservative Death No
Assiniboia East September 12, 1888 William Dell Perley      Conservative Edgar Dewdney      Conservative Called to the Senate Yes
Halton August 22, 1888 John Waldie      Conservative David Henderson      Conservative Election declared void. No
Lanark South August 15, 1888 John Graham Haggart      Liberal John Graham Haggart      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Postmaster-General. Yes
Colchester August 15, 1888 Archibald Woodbury McLelan      Conservative Adams George Archibald      Liberal-Conservative Appointed Lieutenant-Governor of Nova Scotia. Yes
Nicolet July 17, 1888 Athanase Gaudet      Nationalist Conservative Fabien Boisvert      Independent Conservative Death No
Cumberland July 13, 1888 Charles Tupper      Conservative Arthur Rupert Dickey      Conservative Appointed Canadian High Commissioner to the United Kingdom. Yes
Pictou June 18, 1888 Charles Hibbert Tupper      Conservative Charles Hibbert Tupper      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Marine and Fisheries. Yes
Russell May 7, 1888 William C. Edwards      Liberal William C. Edwards      Liberal Election declared void. Yes
Kent May 2, 1888 Archibald Campbell      Liberal Archibald Campbell      Liberal Election declared void. Yes
L'Assomption April 3, 1888 Joseph Gauthier      Liberal Joseph Gauthier      Liberal Election declared void. Yes
Missisquoi March 27, 1888 George Clayes      Liberal Daniel Bishop Meigs      Liberal Death Yes
Prince Edward March 19, 1888 John Milton Platt      Liberal John Milton Platt      Liberal Election declared void. Yes
Hastings West March 17, 1888 Alexander Robertson      Conservative Henry Corby, Jr.      Conservative Death Yes
Middlesex West March 10, 1888 William Frederick Roome      Conservative William Frederick Roome      Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Halton February 7, 1888 John Waldie      Liberal David Henderson      Conservative Election declared void. No
Carleton February 1, 1888 John A. Macdonald      Liberal-Conservative George Lemuel Dickinson      Conservative Chose to sit for Kingston. Yes
Victoria January 23, 1888 Noah Shakespeare      Conservative Edward Gawler Prior      Conservative Appointed Postmaster of Victoria. Yes
Queen's January 18, 1888 George Gerald King      Liberal George Frederick Baird      Conservative Election declared void. No
Dorchester January 7, 1888 Henri Jules Juchereau Duchesnay      Nationalist Conservative Honoré-Julien-Jean-Baptiste Chouinard      Conservative Death No
Northumberland East December 22, 1887 Albert Mallory      Liberal Edward Cochrane      Conservative Election declared void. No
Shelburne December 15, 1887 Thomas Robertson      Liberal John Wimburne Laurie      Conservative Election declared void. No
Yarmouth December 15, 1887 John Lovitt      Liberal John Lovitt      Liberal Election declared void. Yes
Victoria November 21, 1887 Charles James Campbell      Conservative John Archibald McDonald      Liberal Election declared void. No
Haldimand November 12, 1887 Walter Humphries Montague      Conservative Walter Humphries Montague      Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Cumberland November 9, 1887 Charles Tupper      Conservative Charles Tupper      Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Colchester October 27, 1887 Archibald Woodbury McLelan      Conservative Archibald Woodbury McLelan      Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Bruce West October 19, 1887 Edward Blake      Liberal James Rowand      Liberal Chose to sit for Durham West. Yes
Richelieu October 18, 1887 Jean-Baptiste Labelle      Conservative Joseph-Aimé Massue      Conservative Death Yes
Charlevoix September 28, 1887 Simon-Xavier Cimon      Conservative Simon Cimon      Conservative Death Yes
Renfrew South August 2, 1887 Robert Campbell      Liberal John Ferguson      Independent Death No
Digby July 16, 1887 John Campbell      Conservative Herbert Ladd Jones      Conservative Death Yes
Restigouche May 21, 1887 Robert Moffat      Conservative George Moffat Jr.      Conservative Death Yes
Victoria South April 20, 1887 Adam Hudspeth      Conservative Adam Hudspeth      Liberal-Conservative Seeks re-election due to holding the office of revising officer. Yes
Bruce East April 2, 1887 Henry Cargill      Conservative Henry Cargill      Conservative Seeks re-election due to holding the position of postmaster. Yes

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