By-elections to the 9th Canadian Parliament

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By-elections to the 9th Canadian Parliament were held to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons between the 1900 federal election and the 1904 federal election. The Liberal Party of Canada led a majority government for the 9th Canadian Parliament.

The list includes Ministerial by-elections which occurred due to the requirement that Members of Parliament recontest their seats upon being appointed to Cabinet. These by-elections were almost always uncontested. This requirement was abolished in 1931.

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Guysborough March 16, 1904 Duncan Cameron Fraser      Liberal John Howard Sinclair      Liberal Appointed to Supreme Court of Nova Scotia Yes
Gaspé February 20, 1904 Rodolphe Lemieux      Liberal Rodolphe Lemieux      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Solicitor-General Yes
Lambton East February 16, 1904 Oliver Simmons      Conservative Joseph Elijah Armstrong      Conservative Death Yes
St. Hyacinthe February 16, 1904 Michel Esdras Bernier      Liberal Jean Baptiste Blanchet      Liberal Appointed a Railway Commissioner Yes
City of St. John February 16, 1904 Andrew George Blair      Liberal John Waterhouse Daniel      Conservative Appointed head of the Board of Railway Commissioners No
Bruce East February 16, 1904 Henry Cargill      Conservative James J. Donnelly      Conservative Death Yes
St. James February 16, 1904 Joseph Brunet      Liberal Honoré Hippolyte Achille Gervais      Liberal Election declared void Yes
West Queen's February 16, 1904 Donald Farquharson      Liberal Horace Haszard      Liberal Death Yes
Montmagny February 16, 1904 Pierre-Raymond-Léonard Martineau      Liberal Armand Lavergne      Liberal Death Yes
Hochelaga February 16, 1904 Joseph Alexandre Camille Madore      Liberal Louis-Alfred-Adhémar Rivet      Liberal Appointed Puisne Judge of the Supreme Court of Quebec Yes
Kamouraska February 12, 1904 Henry George Carroll      Liberal Ernest Lapointe      Liberal Appointed a judge Yes
Rouville January 30, 1904 Louis-Philippe Brodeur      Liberal Louis-Philippe Brodeur      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Inland Revenue Yes
Westmorland January 30, 1904 Henry R. Emmerson      Liberal Henry R. Emmerson      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Railways and Canals Yes
Russell April 20, 1903 William C. Edwards      Liberal David Wardrope Wallace      Liberal Called to Senate Yes
Ontario North March 10, 1903 Angus McLeod      Liberal-Conservative George Davidson Grant      Liberal Death No
Maskinongé March 3, 1903 Joseph-Hormisdas Legris      Liberal Hormidas Mayrand      Liberal Called to Senate Yes
Terrebonne February 24, 1903 Raymond Préfontaine      Liberal Samuel Desjardins      Liberal Recontested upon ministerial appointment. Préfontaine was elected in two ridings simultaneously and chose to stand for re-election in Maisonneuve Yes
Two Mountains February 24, 1903 Joseph Arthur Calixte Éthier      Liberal Joseph Arthur Calixte Éthier      Liberal Election declared void Yes
Grey North February 24, 1903 Edward Henry Horsey      Liberal Thomas Inkerman Thomson      Conservative Death No
Burrard February 4, 1903 George Ritchie Maxwell      Liberal Robert George Macpherson      Liberal Death Yes
Maisonneuve December 9, 1902 Raymond Préfontaine      Liberal Raymond Préfontaine      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Marine and Fisheries Yes
Argenteuil December 3, 1902 Thomas Christie      Liberal Thomas Christie, Jr.      Liberal Death Yes
Yarmouth December 3, 1902 Thomas Barnard Flint      Liberal Bowman Brown Law      Liberal Appointed Clerk of the House of Commons Yes
Yukon December 2, 1902 New Seat James Hamilton Ross      Liberal Newly created electoral district under The Yukon Territory Representation Act 1902 N.A.
Beauharnois March 26, 1902 George di Madeiros Loy      Liberal George di Madeiros Loy      Liberal Election declared void Yes
Kamouraska February 28, 1902 Henry George Carroll      Liberal Henry George Carroll      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Solicitor General Yes
Lisgar February 18, 1902 Robert Lorne Richardson      Independent Duncan Alexander Stewart      Liberal Election declared void No
Quebec West January 29, 1902 Richard Reid Dobell      Liberal William Power      Liberal Death Yes
Oxford North January 29, 1902 James Sutherland      Liberal James Sutherland      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Marine and Fisheries Yes
Victoria January 28, 1902 Edward Gawler Prior      Conservative George Riley      Liberal Election declared void No
Laval January 15, 1902 Thomas Fortin      Liberal Joseph-Édouard-Émile Léonard      Conservative Appointed a judge of the Superior Court of Quebec No
Addington January 15, 1902 John W. Bell      Conservative Melzar Avery      Conservative Death Yes
Durham West January 15, 1902 Charles Jonas Thornton      Liberal Robert Beith      Conservative Election declared void. No
St. James January 15, 1902 Odilon Desmarais      Liberal Joseph-Édouard-Émile Léonard      Liberal Appointed a judge of the Superior Court of Quebec Yes
York West January 15, 1902 Nathaniel Clarke Wallace      Conservative Archibald Campbell      Liberal Death No
L'Islet January 15, 1902 Arthur Miville Déchêne      Liberal Onésiphore Carbonneau      Liberal Called to the Senate Yes
West Queen's January 15, 1902 Louis Henry Davies      Liberal Donald Farquharson      Liberal Appointed a justice of the Supreme Court of Canada Yes
Kingston January 15, 1902 Byron Moffatt Britton      Liberal William Harty      Liberal Appointed a judge of the Court of King's Bench for Ontario Yes
Hastings West January 15, 1902 Henry Corby      Conservative Edward Guss Porter      Conservative Resignation Yes
Beauce January 8, 1902 Joseph Godbout      Liberal Henri Sévérin Béland      Liberal Called to the Senate Yes
York December 28, 1901 Alexander Gibson      Liberal Alexander Gibson      Liberal Election declared void Yes
East Queen's March 20, 1901 Donald Alexander MacKinnon      Liberal Donald Alexander MacKinnon      Liberal Election declared void Yes
Bruce North March 20, 1901 Alexander McNeill      Liberal-Conservative James Halliday      Conservative Election declared void Yes

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