By All Means Necessary

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By All Means Necessary
Studio album by Boogie Down Productions
Released May 31, 1988
Recorded 1987–1988
Genre Political Hip Hop,[1] Golden age hip hop, Hardcore Hip Hop,[1] East Coast Hip Hop [1]
Length 47:28
Label Jive/RCA Records
1097-J
Producer KRS-One
Boogie Down Productions chronology
Criminal Minded
(1987)
By All Means Necessary
(1988)
Ghetto Music: The Blueprint of Hip Hop
(1989)

By All Means Necessary is the second album from hip hop group Boogie Down Productions, released in 1988 on Jive Records. After the murder of DJ-producer Scott La Rock in 1987, MC KRS-One moved away from the violence that dominated his debut Criminal Minded and began to write socially conscious songs, while using the moniker the Teacher.

Album information[edit]

Many themes, which surface a minimalist production accompanied by hard-hitting drum beats, cover social issues that include government and police corruption, safe sex, government involvement in the drug trade, and violence in the hip hop community.

As of September 25, 1989, the album was certified gold in sales by the Recording Industry Association of America.[2] Both the album cover, depicting KRS-One, and the album title make reference to Malcolm X.

Reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
Allmusic 5/5 stars[3]
Robert Christgau B+[4]
The Daily Vault B+[5]
Rhapsody (favorable)[6]
Rolling Stone 3/5 stars[7]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide 4.5/5 stars[8]
The Source 5/5 stars[9]
Spin (8/10)[10]
Trouser Press (favorable)[11]
Virgin Encyclopedia 4/5 stars[10]

The album is widely seen as one of, if not the first, politically conscious efforts in hip-hop. Allmusic.com described the album as a landmark of political hip hop and Rolling Stone praised its social commentary.[3] Anthony DeCurtis of Rolling Stone wrote, "Over irresistible beats provided by his BDP cohorts, KRS delivers the word on the drug trade, AIDS and violence—three forces that threaten to destroy minority communities."[7]

In 1998, the album was selected as one of The Source's 100 Best Rap Albums.[12]

In 2008, the single "My Philosophy" was ranked number 49 on VH1's 100 Greatest Songs of Hip Hop.

Track listing[edit]

All songs were written, produced and performed by KRS-One.

No. Title Length
1. "My Philosophy"   5:41
2. "Ya Slippin'"   4:56
3. "Stop the Violence"   4:42
4. "Illegal Business"   5:22
5. "Nervous"   4:13
6. "I'm Still #1"   5:13
7. "Part Time Suckers"   5:32
8. "Jimmy"   4:16
9. "T'Cha-T'Cha"   4:35
10. "Necessary"   2:57

Samples used[edit]

Chart history[edit]

Album chart positions[edit]

Year Album Chart positions
Billboard 200 Top R&B/Hip Hop Albums
1988 By All Means Necessary #75 #18

Singles chart positions[edit]

Year Song Chart positions
Billboard Hot 100 Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Singles & Tracks Hot Rap Singles
1988 Stop the Violence - #76 -

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c http://www.allmusic.com/album/by-all-means-necessary-mw0000196362
  2. ^ RIAA database search item By All Means Necessary, retrieved 22 May 2008
  3. ^ a b Huey, Steve. "By All Means Necessary - Boogie Down Productions". Allmusic. Retrieved 2012-06-18. 
  4. ^ Christgau, Robert. "CG: Boogie Down Productions". RobertChristgau.com. Retrieved 2013-08-15. 
  5. ^ Ehrenreich, Ben (2007-02-12). "The Daily Vault Music Review : By All Means Necessary". The Daily Vault. Retrieved 2012-06-18. 
  6. ^ Brolin Winning (1988-05-31). "By All Means Necessary : Boogie Down Productions". Rhapsody. Retrieved 2012-06-18. 
  7. ^ a b DeCurtis, Anthony (1988-10-06). "Boogie Down Productions: By All Means Necessary : Music Reviews". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 2009-05-28. Retrieved 2012-06-18. 
  8. ^ Brackett, Nathan; Christian Hoard (2004). The Rolling Stone Album Guide. New York City, New York: Simon and Schuster. p. 94. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8. 
  9. ^ Kazeem (August 4, 2010). "The Complete List Of 5 Mic Hip-Hop Classics". The Source. Retrieved on 2010-12-23.
  10. ^ a b "By All Means Necessary". AcclaimedMusic.net. Retrieved 2012-06-18. 
  11. ^ "Boogie Down Productions". Trouser Press. 1987-08-25. Retrieved 2012-06-18. 
  12. ^ "100 Best Rap Albums + 100 Best Rap Singles.". Rocklist.net. Retrieved 2012-06-18.