Byculla

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Byculla
भायखळा
Bhaykhala
Neighbourhood
Haji Ismail Gani building in Byculla in 2002.
Haji Ismail Gani building in Byculla in 2002.
Byculla is located in Mumbai
Byculla
Byculla
Coordinates: 18°58′48″N 72°50′06″E / 18.98°N 72.835°E / 18.98; 72.835Coordinates: 18°58′48″N 72°50′06″E / 18.98°N 72.835°E / 18.98; 72.835
Country India
State Maharashtra
Metro Mumbai
Languages
 • Official Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Byculla is a neighbourhood in South Mumbai. It is also the name of a railway station on the Mumbai suburban railway on the Central Railway line.

Location[edit]

Byculla is neighboured by

Byculla falls under "E" Ward within the municipal limits of Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation or BMC.

History[edit]

During the late 18th century, Byculla was an extension of Mazagaon, one of the seven islands that originally formed the city of Mumbai. The area was low-lying Flats inundated during the high tide through the Great Breach at Mahalaxmi. However, when the was closed by Hornby Vellard project in 1784, which joined the united all seven islands of Bombay into a single island. This was followed by the construction Bellasis Road causeway in 1793, thereafter the area saw habitation as Europeans living the Mazagaon area started shifting here.[1] The famous Byculla Club was opened in 1833.[2]

The Byculla railway station was completed by 1857. This was also the time the first mills came into this area, until then, used only for residential purposes. Byculla used to house many of the city's textile mills until the mills shut shop and moved out of the island city. As of today, few mills are operational and even they are on the brink of closure. Many of these old mills are now desolate and some are being razed down to make way for newer constructions. The Khatau Mills were situated in Byculla, in the news for the alleged murder of the owner Sunit Khatau in May, 1994.

Byculla saw some horrible Riots during 1936-37 rose during Temple-Mosque dispute.[2]. Today, Byculla is an upper-middle class enclave with a large Muslim population.

Demographics[edit]

  • Byculla, like many other locations of Mumbai have witnessed strong real estate growth, particularly in the Motisha Lane area where there are lots of tall residential buildings, occupied by affluent Jain community.
  • Of late, Byculla has also witnessed the increase of population of Dawoodi Bohra and other traditional Muslims, who are primarily a business community like most of the Gujaratis.
  • The Magen David Synagogue of Byculla the place of worship of the Jewish community is one of the most beautiful buildings in this area it is well known for the tourist attraction place as most of the Foreigners in this area are in search or related to this place
  • There is also a BIT Chawl, primarily housing Marathi working class community, home to one of the largest Ganesha idols during the Ganeshotsav celebrations.

Points of interest[edit]

Bombay Fire Services Memorial
  • Zoo: Byculla houses the city zoo called Jijamata Udyaan or Rani Baug (earlier called Victoria Gardens). There are talks of shifting the zoo to a more spacious location.
  • Museum: Byculla also houses the Bhau Daji Lad Museum (earlier Victoria and Albert Museum). It was built in 1871 and is a near replica of its namesake in London. It reopened January 5, 2008, following extensive renovations.
  • National Railway Hospital: Byculla also possesses the biggest National Railway Hospital called "Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Railway Hospital" in front of Veer Jijamata Prani Sangrahalaya.
  • Vegetable Market: The Byculla Vegetable Market is the largest vegetable market in Mumbai (even larger than Crawford Market).
  • Fly-overs and bridges: Byculla is also known for Mumbai's first ever Y shaped bridge built across Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Road which then splits further to go to Byculla East and West before the Clare Road intersection, thereby forming a Y shape when seen from the air. This was one of the oldest fly-overs built in Mumbai.
  • Fire Brigade Headquarters: Mumbai Fire Brigade's headquarters are situated just below the "Y Bridge". In the front of the Headquarters building stands a memorial built in the memory of the numerous fire fighters who died during the Bombay Explosion of April, 1944.
  • Mustafa bazaar: A wholesale timber market is frequently visited by many from the city.
  • Jerbai Baug and Rustom Baug: are the two Parsi colonies where most of the Parsis of Byculla live.
  • Seva Niketan: A solar-powered Jesuit-run men's hostel that has served as headquarters for various NGOs.
  • Mazagaon: A residential locality close to byculla which has a famous hospital named "Prince Aly Khan Hospital".

Places of worship[edit]

  • Magen David Synagogue: is believed to be one of the oldest ones in the city. David Sassoon, a Baghdadi Jew, built the Magen David Synagogue in 1861 in Byculla, where the family first lived.[3]
  • Like most other localities of Mumbai, Byculla also is home to a number of small Hindu temples and Muslim Mosques located in its small pockets.

Transportation[edit]

Byculla is very well connected by Central Railway line of the Mumbai Suburban Railway, as well as Bus routes serviced by BEST.

  • Most of the bus routes servicing South Mumbai, South-Central Mumbai, Central Mumbai and North-East Mumbai pass through Byculla. The resulting heavy traffic prompted city planners to develop major fly-overs in Byculla, as early as the 1980s.

Trivia[edit]

The Mumbai Fire Brigade Headquarters and the west arm of the 'Y' Bridge
  • Another fly-over built near the Gloria Church was in news when there was a collapse of one of its portions during its construction in the 1980s

In popular culture[edit]

Hospitals[edit]

Educational institutes[edit]

The Entrance to St. Agnes High School on Clare road

Important Personalities[edit]

Shaikh Shamim Ahmed (left), With Mrs. Indira Gandhi (former Prime Minister of India) during his Assembly election campaign at Byculla, Bombay on 14th May 1980.
One Constituency (Chinchpokli) & three M.L.A's. B.D.Zute, Shaikh Shamim Ahmed, and Madhu Chavan on 28th May 1980.
  • Late Shah Mohammed Ansari (ex-All Maharashtra Power-loom President, ex-All Maharashtra Momin Conference President )
  • Late Shri Bhikoba Dhondiba (B.D.) Zute (ex-MLA)
  • Madhu Chavan, (Ex Chairman-MHADA & acting MLA)
  • Arun Gawli (Gangster and ex-MLA)
  • Solomon Sopher (chairman of the Magen David Synagogue and Sassoon schools and Social worker)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Byculla (Bycullah): Mumbai/Bombay pages". TIFR. Retrieved 2014-04-19. 
  2. ^ Samuel T. Sheppard (1916). The Byculla Club, 1833-1916, a history. Bombay Bennet, Coleman. 
  3. ^ [1]

External links[edit]