Byerley Turk

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The Byerly Turk by John Wootton

The Byerley Turk or Byerly Turk, (c.1684–1706) was the earliest of three stallions that were the founders of the modern Thoroughbred horse racing bloodstock (the other two are the Godolphin Arabian and the Darley Arabian).[1][2] The stallion is believed to have been captured by Captain Robert Byerley at the Battle of Buda (1686), served as Byerley's war horse when he was dispatched to Ireland in 1689 during King William's War and saw further military service in the Battle of the Boyne. The General Stud Book simply states, without reference to his origins, that both man and horse were in Ireland: BYERLY TURK, was Captain Byerly's charger in Ireland, in King William's wars (1689, &c.).[3]

The Byerley Turk was reportedly a dark brown horse with but was not Oriental or Arabian (which may have been Akhal-Teke) he was larger framed although Turk horses possessed large eyes, long and high set on neck and high carriage of the tail. The Byerley Turk helped form the modern Cleveland Bay. Many of his offspring were also noted to have been either bay or black.

Stud record[edit]

In 1696, Captain Robert Byerley married his cousin, Mary Wharton (sole heir to the estate of Goldsborough, near Knaresborough, North Yorkshire, England) and moved to live with her at her family home of Goldsborough Hall. After Byerley retired (as Colonel Byerley), the Byerley Turk retired to stud, first at Middridge Grange, then, from 1697, at Goldsborough Hall, near Knaresborough.[4] The Byerley Turk died there in 1706 and it is believed he is buried close to the Hall. Goldsborough Hall is now a private family home that offers accommodation, which includes the commemorative Byerley suite.[5]

The Byerly Turk was sire of Jigg, who in turn was sire of Partner, sire of Tartar who was the sire of the very good racehorse and influential sire, Herod (1738).[1]

The most famous of his racing offspring was Basto, but he also sired the Byerley Turk mare, founder of Thorougbred family 1; Bowes' Byerley Turk mare, the "Dam of the Two True Blues", the taproot of family 3; plus the Byerley Turk mare that was the taproot of family 41.[6][7] There are 12 Epsom Derby winners, 10 St. Leger winners, and 14 The Oaks Stakes winners listed in family 1 as descendants of the Byerly Turk.

He did not cover many well bred mares.[8]

Relatively few modern Thoroughbreds trace their sire-line back to the Byerley Turk. The continuation of the male sire-line largely depends on the descendants of Ahonoora, several of whom are at stud in Europe.[9]

Byerley Turk sire line[edit]

Byerley Turk 1680
| Jigg 1705
| | Partner (Croft's) 1718
| | | Sedbury 1734
| | | Tartar 1743
| | | | Herod 1758
| | | | | Phoenomenon 1780
| | | | | | Stripling 1795
| | | | | | | Octavian 1807
| | | | | Highflyer 1774 --- ↓
| | | | | | Delpini 1781
| | | | | | Noble 1783
| | | | | | Skyscraper 1786
| | | | | | Sir Peter Teazle 1784
| | | | | | | Sir Harry 1795
| | | | | | | Haphazard 1797
| | | | | | | | Filho da Puta 1812
| | | | | | | | | Colwick 1828
| | | | | Florizel 1768 --- ↓
| | | | | | Diomed 1777
| | | | | | | Duroc 1806
| | | | | | | | American Eclipse 1814
| | | | | | | Sir Archy 1802
| | | | | | | | Timoleon 1814
| | | | | | | | | Boston 1833
| | | | | | | | | | | Lexington 1850
| | | | | | | | | | | | | Optimist 1857
| | | | | | | | | | | | | Pat Malloy 1865
| | | | | | | | | | | | | Gilroy 1862
| | | | | | | | | | | | | Colton 1857
| | | | | | | | | | | | | Norfolk 1861
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | Emperor of Norfolk 1885
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Americus 1892
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Cruzados 1899
| | | | | Woodpecker 1773 --- ↓
| | | | | | Buzzard 1787
| | | | | | | Selim 1802
| | | | | | | | Langar 1817
| | | | | | | | | Epirus 1834
| | | | | | | | | | Pyrrhus the First 1843
| | | | | | | Castrel 1801
| | | | | | | | Bustard 1813
| | | | | | | | | Heron 1833
| | | | | | | | | | Fisherman 1853
| | | | | | | | | | | Maribyrnong 1863
| | | | | | | | Merlin 1815
| | | | | | | | | Lamplighter 1823
| | | | | | | | | | Phosphorus 1834
| | | | | | | | Pantaloon 1824
| | | | | | | | | The Libel 1842
| | | | | | | | | | Traducer 1857
| | | | | | | | | | | Sir Modred 1877
| | | | | | | | | Windhound 1847
| | | | | | | | | | Thormanby 1857
| | | | | | | | | | | Atlantic 1871
| | | | | | | | | | | | Le Sancy 1884
| | | | | | | | | | | | | Le Sagittaire 1892
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | Le Samaritain 1895
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Isard II 1910
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Belfonds 1922
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Roi Herode 1904
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | The Tetrarch 1911 ↓
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Polemarch 1918
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Salmon Trout 1921
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | King Salmon 1930
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Tetratema 1917
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Bacteriophage 1929
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Teleferique 1934
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Alizier FR 1947
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Jet Stream FR 1957
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Everyday USA 1967
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Enrico IND 1984
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Sigebert FR 1961
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Boris GER 1969
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Doncel GER 1976
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Vogeldunst GER 1976
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Bertone GER 1977
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Tapalque FR 1965
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | As you Like JPN 1979
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Cobalt FR 1950
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | BOSALINO FR 1957
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Combat BRZ 1965
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Crivelli GB 1961
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Cripper CHI 1965
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Abel DR 1981
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Theft 1932 → Suuwiisu 1949
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Tokino Minoru 1948
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Bostonian 1950
| | | | | | | | Sultan 1816
| | | | | | | | | Glencoe I 1831 ↓
| | | | | | | | | | Vandal 1850
| | | | | | | | | | | Virgil 1864
| | | | | | | | | | | | Hindoo 1878
| | | | | | | | | | | | | Hanover 1884
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Halma 1892
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Hamburg 1895 → Artful 1902
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Burgomaster 1903
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Blackstock 1899
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Mentor 1906
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Wise Counsellor 1921
| | | | | | | | | | | Tremont 1884
| | | | | | | | | Bay Middleton 1833
| | | | | | | | | | | The Flying Dutchman 1846
| | | | | | | | | | | | | Dollar 1860
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | Upas 1883
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | Androcles 1870
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Cambyse 1884
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Callistrate 1890
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Gardefeu 1895
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Chouberski 1902
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Bruleur 1910
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Ksar 1918
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Tourbillon 1928
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Goya II FR 1934
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Tenareze FR 1953
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Nelcius FR 1963
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Mister Henry IRE 1971
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Mistan 1977
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Meridien FR 1936
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Medium FR 1946
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Misti IV FR 1958
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Mistigri FR 1971
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Discover d'Auteuil FR 1991
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Soleil De Sivola FR 2006
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Djebel 1937
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | My Babu 1945
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Better Boy 1951
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Century 1969
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Double Century 1975
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Stylish Century 1986
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Stylish Sigma 2000
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Rubiton 1983
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Adam 1994
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Let me adam 2003
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Delete this one also 2012
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Patezza 1998
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Milesian 1953
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Partholon 1960
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Symboli Rudolf 1981
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Tokai Teio 1988
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Tokai Point 1996
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Tokai Pulsar 1996
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Death Ballade 2003
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Galcador 1947
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Hugh Lupus 1952
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Hethersett 1959
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Blakeney 1966
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Julio Mariner 1975
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Tyrnavos GB 1977
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Dihistan IRE 1982
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Fatah IRE 2000
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Electric 1979
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Petrullo 1985
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Kippin Rock 1998
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Pylon Sparks 1985
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Rarity 1967
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Decent Fellow 1973
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Pollerton 1974
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Icelandic 1975
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Cool Reception 1987
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | King's Ride 1976
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Camelot Knight 1986
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Clarion 1944
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Klairon 1952
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Luthier 1965
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Tip Moss 1972
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Mansonnien 1984
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Bonbon Rose 2001
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Nisaro De Cimbre 2007
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | No Lut 1978
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Video Rock FR 1984
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| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Saint Cyrien 1980
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Epervier Bleu 1987
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Lutin des Bordes 1999
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Sagace 1980
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Arcangues 1988
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Lorenzaccio 1965
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Ahonoora 1975
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Don't Forget Me 1984
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Dr Devious 1989
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Topanoora 1987
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Even Top 1993
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Cirrus Des Aigles 2006
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Inchinor 1990
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Notnowcato 2002
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Indian Ridge 1985
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Definite Article 1992
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| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Defining 1999
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Lochbuie 2001
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Compton Place 1994
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Borderlescott 2002
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Deacon Blues 2007
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Domedriver 1998
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Namid 1996
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Total Gallery 2006
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | High Pitched 1998
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Hit by Pitch 2005
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Cutting Crystal 2007
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Indian Haven 2000
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Ashram 2006
| | | | | | | Walton 1799 --- ↓
| | | | | | | | Phantom 1808
| | | | | | | | | Middleton 1822
| | | | | | | | Partisan 1811
| | | | | | | | | Venison 1833
| | | | | | | | | | Alarm 1842
| | | | | | | | | | Kingston 1849
| | | | | | | | | Glaucus 1830
| | | | | | | | | | The Nob 1838
| | | | | | | | | | | The Nabob 1849
| | | | | | | | | | | | Vermouth 1861
| | | | | | | | | | | | | Perplexe 1872
| | | | | | | | | Gladiator 1833
| | | | | | | | | | Sweetmeat 1842
| | | | | | | | | | | Macaroni 1860
| | | | | | | | | | | | Macgregor 1867
| | | | | | | | | | | Parmesan 1857
| | | | | | | | | | | | Cremorne 1869
| | | | | | | | | | | | Favonius 1868
| | | | | | | | | | | | | Sir Bevys 1876
| | | | | | | | | | Fitz Gladiator 1850
| | | | | | | | | | | Orphelin 1859
| | | | | | | | | | | Vertugadin 1862
| | | | | | | | | | | | Saxifrage 1872
| | | | | | | | | | | Compiegne 1858
| | | | | | | Sir Paul 1802 --- ↓
| | | | | | | | Paulowitz 1813
| | | | | | | | | Cain 1822
| | | | | | | | | | Ion 1835
| | | | | | | | | | | Wild Dayrell 1852
| | | | | | | | | | | | Buccaneer 1857
| | | | | | | | | | | | | See Saw 1865
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | Bruce 1879
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | Loved One 1883
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | Little Duck 1881
| | | | | | | | | | | | | Kisber 1873
| | | | | | | | | | | | | Waisenknabe 1872
| | | | | | | | | | | | | Flibustier 1867
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | Trachenberg 1879
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Hannibal 1891
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Fels 1903
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Laland 1913 → Nereide 1933
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Mio d'Arezzo 1929
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Mioland 1937
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Weserland 1938[10][11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ahnert, Rainer L. (editor in chief), “Thoroughbred Breeding of the World”, Pozdun Publishing, Germany, 1970
  2. ^ Cunningham, E. P.; Dooley, J. J.; Splan, R. K.; Bradley, D. G. (2001). "Microsatellite diversity, pedigree relatedness and the contributions of founder lineages to thoroughbred horses". Animal Genetics 32 (6): 360–364. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2052.2001.00785.x. PMID 11736806.  edit
  3. ^ General Stud Book, Vol., I, p. 389
  4. ^ Thoroughbred Bloodlines – Byerley Turk Retrieved on 2009-8-19
  5. ^ Goldsborough Hall history Retrieved on 2009-8-20
  6. ^ Wentworth, Lady, “Thoroughbred Racing Stock”, George Allen & Unwin Ltd, London, 1960, Warne & Co, London & New York, 1960
  7. ^ Thoroughbred Bloodlines – Family 41 Retrieved on 2009-8-20
  8. ^ Whyte 1840, p. 90.
  9. ^ "Byerly, Back in Business". BloodHorse.com. Retrieved 2012-07-01. 
  10. ^ Morris, Simon; Tesio Power 2000 – Stallions of the World, Syntax Software
  11. ^ Churchill, Jennifer, Australia and New Zealand – Sires for '87, Racetrack Magazine

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]