Byomkesh Bakshi

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Byomkesh Bakshi
Byomkesh Bakshy.jpg
Sushant Singh Rajput as Byomkesh Bakshi in the film Detective Byomkesh Bakshy!
First appearance Satyanweshi
Last appearance Bishupal Bodh
Created by Sharadindu Bandyopadhyay
Portrayed by Uttam Kumar
Satindra Bhattacharya
Rajit Kapur
Subhrajit Dutta
Abir Chatterjee
Sujoy Ghosh
Sushant Singh Rajput
Soumitra Chatterjee
Dhritiman Chatterjee
Gaurav Chakrabarty
Totan Biswas
Nickname(s) Satyanweshi
Gender Male
Occupation Private investigator
Title Satyanweshi
Family Bakshi
Spouse(s) Satyabati
Children Khoka
Nationality Indian

Byomkesh Bakshi (or Byomkesh Baksi or Byomkesh Bakshy) (Bengali: ব্যোমকেশ বক্সী) is a fictional detective in Bengali literature created by Sharadindu Bandyopadhyay.


Byomkesh disliked being called a detective. He preferred the term satyanweshi, meaning seeker of truth. Unlike many other fictional detectives, Byomkesh ages, marries, has a son, starts a publishing firm with his assistant-cum-chronicler Ajit (he makes a more stable income from this than from his seeking of the truth), buys a house in South Calcutta, and ponders buying a car for his wife Satyabati (note that ‘satya’ occurs here again)[1]

Byomkesh’s only addiction is smoking, he has no musical ear to speak of, but like many modern young Bengalis of the time, he has a solid grasp over Bengali literature and a working knowledge of the Sanskrit classics, from which both he and Ajit quote freely.[2]


The first story appeared in print in 1932. The stories are chronicled by Ajit, a writer who meets Byomkesh in Satyanweshi (novel).

Few early plot points may be inspired by some stories of Sherlock Holmes by Arthur Conan Doyle.[3][4]

The books are written in classical Bengali, with a mood of noir – fast, gripping, uncompromising in their portrayal of violence or lust, with touches of wry humour. There are thirty two stories in all. Byomkesh gradually ages over time in them. [5]

In 1936, in only his tenth outing, Sharadindu Bandyopadhyay, wanted to retire Byomkesh, and so married him off (an almost unheard-of thing for detectives across the world), and thought that was the end of it. He did not write another Byomkesh story for 16 years, and settled in Bombay as a writer for Himanshu Roy’s Bombay Talkies. But on a visit to Calcutta, he discovered that Bengalis still hankered for his hero; graciously, he returned to Byomkesh and stayed with him till the end of his life. [1]

In a 1969 interview, Sharadindu Bandyopadhyay worried about Byomkesh—he was now 60 years old (10 years younger than his creator); and though still mentally and physically fit, he would like to retire, but was helpless as long as a vast number of Bengali readers kept wanting to read more of him. And the author could not let them down.[1]

List of Stories[edit]

Sharadindu Bandyopadhyay wrote 32 Byomkesh stories between 1932 and 1970, with one additional story remaining incomplete at the time of his death. The stories are as follows:[6][7]

  • Satyanweshi (1932) সত্যান্বেষী
  • Pother Kanta (1932) পথের কাঁটা
  • Seemanto-heera (1932) সীমন্ত-হীরা
  • Makorshar Rosh (1933) মাকড়সার রস
  • Arthamanartham (1933) অর্থমনর্থম্‌
  • Chorabali (1933) চোরাবালি
  • Agnibaan (1935) অগ্নিবাণ
  • Uposonghaar (1935) উপসংহার
  • Roktomukhi Neela (1936) রক্তমুখী নীলা
  • Byomkesh O Boroda (1936) ব্যোমকেশ ও বরদা
  • Chitrochor (1951) চিত্রচোর
  • Durgo-rahasyo (1952) দুর্গরহস্য
  • Chiriyakhana (1953) চিড়িয়াখানা
  • Adim Ripu (1955) আদিম রিপু
  • Banhi-patanga (1956) বহ্নি-পতঙ্গ
  • Rokter Daag (1956) রক্তের দাগ
  • Monimondon (1958) মণিমন্দন
  • Amriter Mrityu (1959) অমৃতের মৃত্যু
  • Shailo Rahasya (1959) শৈলরহস্য
  • Achin Pakhi (1960) অচিন পাখি
  • Kohen Kobi Kalidas (1961) কহেন কবি কালিদাস
  • Adrishyo Trikon (1961) অদৃশ্য ত্রিকোণ
  • Khunji Khunji Nari (1961) খুঁজি খুঁজি নারি
  • Adwitiyo (1961) অদ্বিতীয়
  • Mognomoinak (1963) মগ্নমৈনাক
  • Dushtochokro (1963) দুষ্টচক্র
  • Henyalir Chhondo (1964) হেঁয়ালির ছন্দ
  • Room Nombor Dui (1964) রুম নম্বর দুই
  • Chholonar Chhondo (1965) ছলনার ছন্দ
  • Shojarur Kanta (1967) শজারুর কাঁটা
  • Benishonghar (1968) বেণীসংহার
  • Lohar Biskut (1969) লোহার বিস্কুট
  • Bishupal Bodh (incomplete) (1970) বিশুপাল বধ (অসমাপ্ত)

In other media[edit]

Film adaptations[edit]

Radio adaptations[edit]

The Sunday Suspense series of 98.3 Radio Mirchi (Kolkata) adapted total seven novels of Byomkesh Bakshi for audio stories which include Satyanweshi, Makorshar Rosh, Agnibaan, Roktomukhi Neela, Khunji Khunji Nari, Adwitiyo and Lohar Biscuit.

Television adaptations[edit]

  • In the early 1980s Kolkata Doordarshan produced several episodes of Byomkesh Bakshi where Ajoy Ganguly acted as Byomkesh.
  • Byomkesh Bakshi (1993) directed by Basu Chatterjee was the critically acclaimed television adaptation of the series. Actor Rajit Kapur played the role of Byomkesh Bakshi, for which he was highly praised. Ajit was played by K.K. Raina and Satyaboti was played by Sukanya Kulkarni who was the first actress to play the character. The series had 33 episode, aired on DD 1 Season 1 in 1993 and Season 2 in 1997s.[21]
  • Byomkesh Bakshi (2004) directed by Swapan Ghoshal was the second television adaptation of the series also aired on Doordarshan. Actor Sudip Mukherjee debuted with the role of Byomkesh Bakshi. Debdut Ghosh played the role of Ajit while Satyaboti was played by Maitreyi Mitra.
  • Byomkesh (2007) was also directed by Swapan Ghosal, who collaborated with Tara Muzik (a private Bengali T. V. channel). Actor Saptarshi Roy has played Bakshi while Ajit and Satyaboti were played by two lesser-known actors.
  • A 2014 TV series named Byomkesh airing on ETV Bangla, actor Gaurav Chakrabarty played the role of Byomkesh.


  • Byomkesh Bakshi was introduced to the Indian national audience in 1993 through the Doordarshan serial of the same name, directed by Basu Chatterjee. The serial—despite poor production values—was immensely popular and has since been rerun by Doordarshan many times. All the episodes are available on YouTube, and a random check indicates that they get a respectable number of views. Certainly for many people who watched the serial when it was first broadcast, the actor Rajit Kapur has become identified with the fictional Bengali detective for all time to come.[1]
  • In 2014 film Doorbeen, an aged Byomkesh Bakshi is portrayed by Soumitra Chatterjee. The film is not based on any of Byomkesh Bakshi stories, it is a spoof film and a crossover between another Bengali sleuth Feluda.[23]
  • The 2015 film Detective Byomkesh Bakshy! has introduced the character to a much broader international audience, and a whole new generation, who had never heard of him before.

Further reading[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d The Curious Case of Byomkesh Bakshi
  2. ^
  3. ^ "Comparing Byomkesh Bakshi to Sherlock Holmes | – ব্যোমকেশ.কম". Retrieved 2012-08-01. 
  4. ^ Sherlock Holmes of India: Byomkesh Bakshi, Jayeet Sen, Northwestern State University of Louisiana, 2004
  5. ^
  6. ^ Bandyopādhyāẏa, Śaradindu (1995). Byomakeśa samagra. Ananda Publishers Pvt. Limited. p. Contents. ISBN 978-81-7215-355-7. 
  7. ^ "Stories". - ব্যোমকেশ.কম. 
  8. ^ Bhattacharya Supriya (1 September 2009). Impressions 8, 2/E. Pearson Education India. pp. 1–. ISBN 978-81-317-2777-5. Retrieved 16 July 2012. 
  9. ^ Andrew Robinson (1989). Satyajit Ray: The Inner Eye. University of California Press. pp. 231–. ISBN 978-0-520-06946-6. Retrieved 16 July 2012. 
  10. ^ "Sajaraur Kanta". Complete index to world film. Retrieved 27 July 2014. 
  11. ^ a b c Chatterjee, Shoma (24 May 2014). "Mystery Trail". The Times of India. Retrieved 27 July 2014. 
  12. ^ "Abar Byomkesh". Telegraph, Calcutta. 31 March 2012. Retrieved 7 October 2012. 
  13. ^ "Sujoy Ghosh to not act in any film after Rituparno's 'Satyanweshi'". IBNLIve. 15 August 2013. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  14. ^ "Rituparno Ghosh's cinematographer, not Sujoy Ghosh to complete Satyanweshi". Hindustan Times. 10 June 2013. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  15. ^ "Satyanweshi poster: Sujoy Ghosh looks like a real detective!". Bollywood Life. 31 July 2013. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  16. ^ "Another Byomkesh Bakshi mystery - The Indian Express". The Indian Express. 
  17. ^ "Konkona Sen Sharma-Indraneil Sengupta to star in new Byomkesh Bakshi film - The Indian Express". The Indian Express. 
  18. ^ "Sushant Singh Rajput to play Detective Byomkesh Bakshi". June 28, 2013. NDTV. Retrieved January 16, 2014. 
  19. ^ "Sushant Singh Rajput in Yash Raj Film's Detective Byomkesh Bakshi". June 27, 2013. Indian Express. Retrieved January 16, 2014. 
  20. ^ Ankita R Kanabar (April 24, 2014). "The date shuffle". The Indian Express. Retrieved 2014-04-25. 
  21. ^ shahabkalim-1. "Byomkesh Bakshi (TV Series 1993– )". IMDb. 
  22. ^ Big Bang Theory Transcripts Series 7 Episode 18 – The Mommy Observation
  23. ^ "Doorbeen movie review". The Times of India. Retrieved 21 January 2014. 
  24. ^ 21st Century Byomkesh? Sushant Singh Rajput, Dibakar Banerjee on the Possibilities of Time Travel