Post Office in Byron.
|Motto: Gateway to the Rock River Valley.|
|Elevation||728 ft (222 m)|
|Area||3.57 sq mi (9 km2)|
|- land||3.57 sq mi (9 km2)|
|- water||0.00 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Density||1,179.2 / sq mi (455 / km2)|
|- Incorporated Town||1878|
|- City Charter||?|
|- summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|Wikimedia Commons: Byron, Illinois|
Byron is a city in Ogle County, Illinois, United States, probably best known as the location of the Byron Nuclear Generating Station, one of the last nuclear power plants commissioned in the United States. Byron is located in Byron Township, along the Rock River. The population was 3,753 at the 2010 census, up from 2,917 at the 2000 census. The town bills itself as the "Gateway to the Rock River Valley".
Byron is located in Byron Township at the junction of Illinois Route 72 and Illinois Route 2. Byron's topography includes a natural prairie and the Rock River that passes through the town. It is generally flat and is ideal for farming in most regions. According to the 2010 census, the city has a total area of 3.57 square miles (9.2 km2), all land.
Byron's average temperature in the spring tends to be 50-65 degrees with considerable rain. Summer tends to be 75-100 degrees with moderate humidity. Fall tends to be 35-65 degrees with leaves falling in mid-October. Winter tend to be cold, with temperatures averaging from freezing to ten or fifteen degrees below freezing in January.
The Iowa, Chicago and Eastern Railroad passes by the town as well
The Byron Nuclear Generating Station, currently owned by Exelon Corporation, is just south of Byron. It began operations in 1985, after ten years of construction. The station provides a great deal of the electricity used in northern Illinois.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,917 people, 1,119 households, and 747 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,179.2 people per square mile (456.0/km²). There were 1,166 housing units at an average density of 471.4 per square mile (182.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.70% White, 0.41% African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.31% from other races, and 1.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.54% of the population. According to a special census taken in 2006, the population of the city has increased to 3,779 since the 2000 census.
There were 1,119 households out of which 38.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.4% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.2% were non-families. 28.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.15.
In the city the population was spread out with 30.2% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 17.4% from 45 to 64, and 14.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 88.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $37,027, and the median income for a family was $46,250. Males had a median income of $40,568 versus $23,221 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,164. About 6.9% of families and 7.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.3% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over.
Law and government
The city operates under a mayor-council system of government (with a caveat, below). Byron is divided into four wards, each of which elects two alderman, giving the city an eight-member council. The eight members of the council are organized into five committees with specific responsibilities, necessarily, given the number of council members, committee memberships overlap.
Elected separately, by the whole city, is the mayor. The mayor's powers include the right to appoint members of the five standing committees, and to preside over council meetings. He may also call special meetings of the council. The mayor receives an annual salary of $9000.
The city also has other elected officials, including a city clerk and a treasurer. There are also unelected paid positions; these are filled by appointment of the mayor. These include the comptroller and the city attorney.
Despite the fact that Byron has a mayor-council system of government, the municipal code for Byron contains a provision whereby a city administrator may be appointed, if the mayor and council so desire. To date, this provision has not been placed into effect.
- Turkey Testicle Festival is an annual tradition since 1979.
- Troy Drake, former offensive tackle with the Philadelphia Eagles and Washington Redskins
- Sean Considine, football safety with the Baltimore Ravens, Philadelphia Eagles and Jacksonville Jaguars
- Joseph Medill McCormick, congressman and senator
- Albert Goodwill Spalding, professional baseball player, manager and co-founder of A.G. Spalding sporting goods company
There are three schools: Mary Morgan Elementary School, Byron Middle School, and Byron High School (pre-K-12) serving approximately 2,500 students. Byron High School placed fourth in the Illinois State Finals Academic Challenge in 2001.
- Sherman, Ardis L. "Reflections - Byron, Illinois 1835-1976," Byron, Illinois, 1976, pg. 3, Library of Congress Catalog No. 76-20318, Retrieved August 22, 2007.
- "Places: Illinois". 2010 Census Gazetteer Files. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-03.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Reflections - Byron, Illinois 1835-1976 Retrieved on August 7, 2007
- Reichler, Joseph L., ed. (1979) . The Baseball Encyclopedia (4th edition ed.). New York: Macmillan Publishing. ISBN 0-02-578970-8.