|Full name||John Byron Nelson, Jr.|
4 February 1912|
|Died||26 September 2006
|Height||6 ft 1 in (1.85 m)|
|Former tour(s)||PGA Tour|
|Number of wins by tour|
|PGA Tour||52 (6th all time)|
|Best results in Major Championships
|Masters Tournament||Won: 1937, 1942|
|U.S. Open||Won: 1939|
|The Open Championship||5th: 1937|
|PGA Championship||Won: 1940, 1945|
|Achievements and awards|
|World Golf Hall of Fame||1974 (member page)|
leading money winner
Male Athlete of the Year
|Bob Jones Award||1974|
|PGA Tour Lifetime
|Payne Stewart Award||2000|
|Congressional Gold Medal||2006|
(For a full list of awards, see here)
Nelson and two other well-known golfers of the time, Ben Hogan and Sam Snead, were born within seven months of each other in 1912. Although he won many tournaments in the course of his relatively brief career, he is mostly remembered today for having won 11 consecutive tournaments and 18 total tournaments in 1945. He retired officially at the age of 34 to be a rancher, later becoming a commentator and lending his name to the HP Byron Nelson Championship, the first PGA Tour event to be named for a professional golfer. In 1974, Byron Nelson received the Bob Jones Award, the highest honor given by the United States Golf Association in recognition of distinguished sportsmanship in golf.
Nelson became the second recipient of the PGA Tour Lifetime Achievement Award in 1997, and was inducted into the World Golf Hall of Fame in 1974. He received the 1994 Old Tom Morris Award from the Golf Course Superintendents Association of America, GCSAA's highest honor. Nelson was posthumously awarded the Congressional Gold Medal in 2006.
Early life and career 
Born near Waxahachie, Texas, Byron Nelson was the son of Madge Allen Nelson and John Byron Nelson, Sr. His parents set a precedent for him not only in their long lives — Madge Nelson lived to age 98, and her husband to age 77 — but also in their religious commitment. Madge, who had grown up Baptist, was baptized in the Church of Christ at age 18, and John Byron Sr., raised Presbyterian, was baptized in the Church of Christ soon after meeting Madge. The senior Byron Nelson went on to serve as an elder in the Roanoke Church of Christ, and the younger Byron Nelson was a committed member of that congregation — even performing janitorial services there from time to time long after he became famous — he later placed his membership at the Hilltop Church of Christ in Roanoke from 1989 until 2000, when he moved his membership to the Richland Hills Church of Christ in North Richland Hills, Texas in later life.
When Nelson was 11 years old, the family moved to Fort Worth, where he barely survived typhoid fever after losing nearly half his body weight to the disease, which also left him unable to sire children. Soon after his baptism at age 12, he started caddying at Glen Garden Country Club. On his caddying days, Nelson said, "I knew nothing about caddying at first, but it wasn't difficult to learn. The other caddies, though, didn't like to see any new ones, because that might mean they wouldn't get a job sometime." An article on Nelson in Sports Illustrated noted that initially caddies were not permitted to play at the club: "[H]e would often practice in the dark, putting his white handkerchief over the hole so he could find it in the darkness." The club later changed its policy and sponsored the Glen Garden Caddy Tournament, where a 14-year-old Nelson beat fellow caddy and future golf great Ben Hogan by a single stroke after a nine-hole playoff. Nelson and Hogan were rivals but close friends in their teen years, and for the first part of their professional careers as well, but Nelson's early success was difficult for the struggling Hogan to deal with, and they gradually grew apart, while retaining mutual respect.
Championship heyday 
Father of the modern golf swing 
After turning professional in 1932, Nelson served as a club professional in Texas, and played as many significant tournaments as he could afford, to develop his game. Money was tight, as Texas was hit very hard by the Great Depression. A pair of top-three finishes in important Texas events encouraged him. He then took a club professional's job at the Ridgewood Country Club in New Jersey in 1935. He worked hard on his game, having earlier realized that with the technological change from hickory to steel shafts, which was gathering momentum in the early 1930s, that the golf swing would have to adapt as well. Nelson was among the first of a new generation of players who developed a full swing with increased leg drive leading the downswing; this is the forerunner of modern golf technique as practised by top players, right to the present day. Nelson is sometimes credited as being the father of the modern golf swing. He refined the changes for a couple of years, and then took his game to the highest level of competition, the PGA Tour. Nelson waited until 1935 to post his first significant victory, at the New Jersey State Open. He followed this up with a win at the Metropolitan Open the following year. He reportedly won this tournament with "$5 in my pocket".
In 1937, Nelson was hired as the head professional at the Reading Country Club in Reading, Pennsylvania, and worked there until 1940, when he took a new job as head pro at the Inverness Club in Toledo, Ohio.
Wins major championships 
Nelson won his first major event at The Masters in 1937, winning by two shots over Ralph Guldahl. During this tournament he shot a first-round 66, which stood as a record as the lowest first round in Masters' history until Raymond Floyd had 65 en route to winning the 1976 event. Nelson would subsequently win four more major tournaments, the U.S. Open in 1939, the PGA Championship in 1940 and 1945, and a second Masters in 1942. Nelson had a blood disorder that caused his blood to clot four times slower than normal, which kept him out of military service during World War II. It has sometimes mistakenly been reported that he had hemophilia; this is not true.
During World War II, Nelson gave hundreds of golf exhibitions across the country to raise money for charitable causes.
Nelson won the Vardon Trophy in 1939. He played on the U.S. Ryder Cup teams in 1937 and 1947 and was non-playing captain of the team in 1965. After 1946, Nelson curtailed his schedule, although he continued to make regular appearances at The Masters as a competitor, played occasional Tour events, appeared in a few overseas tournaments, and later served as a ceremonial starter for many years.
Record-breaking year 
In 1945 Nelson enjoyed a record-breaking year, winning 18 of 35 PGA tournaments including 11 in a row. Both records are still yet to be beaten. Nelson however lost many chances at major championships during this year, and previous years, because of the war, and only won the 1945 PGA Championship. There has been debate to how impressive these results are, as it was believed to be a weakened tour due to the war. But in reality many of the leading golfers of that time, including Sam Snead and Ben Hogan still played a full or at least part schedule that year. Both Snead and Hogan won multiple times on the tour in 1945. During this year Nelson finished second another 7 times, set a record for the scoring average (68.33 for 18 holes) that was only recently broken (by Tiger Woods in 2000), a record 18 hole score (62), and a record 72-hole score (259, which beat the previous record set by Ben Hogan earlier that year). This year is now known as the greatest single year by a player on the PGA Tour, as Arnold Palmer said: "I don't think that anyone will ever exceed the things that Byron did by winning 11 tournaments in a row in one year." Even more recently, Tiger Woods referred to the year as "one of the greatest years in the history of the sport."
Cut streak 
Nelson's record of 113 consecutive cuts made is second only to Tiger Woods' 142. The PGA Tour defines a "cut" as receiving a paycheck, even if an event has no cut per se. In Nelson's era, only the top 20 in a tournament received a check. In reality, Nelson's "113 consecutive cuts made" are representative of his unequaled 113 consecutive top 20 tournament finishes.
Coach and mentor 
Death and legacy 
Nelson died Tuesday, September 26, 2006. According to a family friend, Nelson died at his Roanoke, Texas home around noon. He was survived by Peggy, his wife of nearly 20 years, sister Margaret Ellen Sherman, and brother Charles, a professor emeritus at Abilene Christian University, where Byron Nelson had been a trustee and benefactor. Nelson met his second wife, the former Peggy Simmons, when she volunteered at the Bogie Busters celebrity golf tournament in Dayton, Ohio in 1985.
Nelson was often referred to as "Lord Byron", after the English poet by that name, in recognition of his reputation for gentlemanly conduct, a nickname given him by Atlanta sports journalist O. B. Keeler. Many of his obituaries referenced this reputation.
Nelson has several successful years as a television golf commentator. Nelson had a significant role in the development of Tom Watson as a world-class player in the mid-1970s, and had earlier mentored Ken Venturi in the 1950s, while he was a rising star.
Nelson was ranked as the fifth greatest golfer of all time by Golf Digest magazine in 2000. On this list, Jack Nicklaus was first, Nelson's longtime rivals Ben Hogan and Sam Snead were second and third respectively, and Bobby Jones was fourth. A 2009 Sports Illustrated panel ranked him seventh on its list of all-time greatest golfers, behind Nicklaus, Tiger Woods, Jones, Hogan, Snead, and Arnold Palmer.
The "Iron Byron" electro-mechanical machine or robot, developed by Battelle Memorial Institute and True Temper Sports and used by the United States Golf Association and golf manufacturers to compare and test clubs and balls for conformity to standards, was named for Nelson, honoring the consistency of his swing.
In Jack Nicklaus's 1978 book On and Off the Fairway, Nicklaus wrote that Nelson was the straightest golfer he ever saw. The two never played competitively, but a 14-year-old Nicklaus was in the crowd of youngsters at the 1954 U.S. Junior Amateur, when Nelson gave an exhibition hitting golf shots.
Posthumous honors 
State Highway 114 Business through Roanoke, Texas is named Byron Nelson Boulevard, in honor of Nelson's residence; the street he lived on was recently changed to Eleven Straight Lane in honor of his 1945 record. In Irving, Texas a street immediately adjacent to the Four Seasons Resort and Club, where the HP Byron Nelson Championship is played each year, is named Byron Nelson Lane. A street in Southlake, Texas, Byron Nelson Parkway, was named in his honor, as was a street in a residential neighborhood in McAllen, Texas.
On October 16, 2006, President George W. Bush approved H.R. 4902 awarding Byron Nelson the Congressional Gold Medal, the highest award that can be bestowed by the Legislative Branch of the United States government. The resolution cites Mr. Nelson's "significant contributions to the game of golf as a player, a teacher, and a commentator." Representative Michael C. Burgess (R-TX) sponsored the resolution, originally proposed March 8, 2006, well before Nelson's death. Senate Resolution 602 memorialized Nelson on September 29, 2006.
On April 23, 2007 the Northwest Independent School District named their second high school Byron Nelson High School. This is the first high school named in honor of Byron Nelson, and opened in the fall of 2009. The school is located in Trophy Club, Texas, near Nelson's hometown of Roanoke.
Professional wins 
PGA Tour wins (52) 
- 1935 (1) New Jersey State Open
- 1936 (1) Metropolitan Open
- 1937 (2) Masters Tournament, Belmont Country Club Match Play
- 1938 (2) Thomasville Open, Hollywood Open
- 1939 (4) Phoenix Open, North and South Open, U.S. Open, Western Open
- 1940 (3) Texas Open, Miami Open, PGA Championship
- 1941 (3) Greater Greensboro Open, Tam O'Shanter Open, Miami Open
- 1942 (3) Oakland Open, Masters Tournament, Tam O'Shanter Open
- 1944 (8) San Francisco Victory Open, Knoxville War Bond Tournament, New York Red Cross Tourney, Minneapolis Four-Ball (with Harold "Jug" McSpaden), Tam O'Shanter Open, Nashville Open, Texas Victory Open, San Francisco Open
- 1945 (18) Phoenix Open, Corpus Christi Open, New Orleans Open, Miami International Four-Ball (with Harold "Jug" McSpaden), Charlotte Open, Greater Greensboro Open, Durham Open, Atlanta Open, Montreal Open, Philadelphia Inquirer Open, Chicago Victory National Open, PGA Championship, Tam O'Shanter Open, Canadian Open, Knoxville Invitational, Esmeralda Open, Seattle Open, Glen Garden Open
- 1946 (6) Los Angeles Open, San Francisco Open, New Orleans Open, Houston Open, Columbus Invitational, Chicago Victory National Open
- 1951 (1) Bing Crosby Pro-Am
Major championships are shown in bold.
Other wins (12) 
- 1937 Central Pennsylvania Open
- 1939 Massachusetts Open
- 1940 Ohio Open
- 1941 Ohio Open, Seminole Pro-Am
- 1942 Toledo Open, Ohio Open
- 1943 Kentucky Open
- 1944 New York Open, Beverly Hills Open
- 1948 Texas PGA Championship
- 1955 French Open
Major championships 
Wins (5) 
|Year||Championship||54 Holes||Winning score||Margin||Runner(s)-up|
|1937||Masters Tournament||4 shot deficit||–5 (66-72-75-70=283)||2 strokes||Ralph Guldahl|
|1939||U.S. Open||5 shot deficit||+8 (72-73-71-68=284)||Playoff 1||Denny Shute, Craig Wood|
|1940||PGA Championship||n/a||1 up||n/a||Sam Snead|
|1942||Masters Tournament (2)||2 shot lead||–6 (68-67-72-73=280)||Playoff 2||Ben Hogan|
|1945||PGA Championship (2)||n/a||4 & 3||n/a||Sammy Byrd|
Note: The PGA Championship was match play until 1958
1 Defeated Craig Wood and Denny Shute in a 36-hole playoff - Nelson (68-70=138), Wood (68-73=141), Shute (76) (eliminated after first 18)
2 Defeated Ben Hogan in an 18-hole playoff - Nelson 69 (–3), Hogan 70 (–2)
Results timeline 
|The Open Championship||DNP||DNP||DNP||5||DNP||DNP|
|The Open Championship||NT||NT||NT||NT||NT||NT||DNP||DNP||DNP||DNP|
|The Open Championship||DNP||DNP||DNP||DNP||DNP||T32||DNP||DNP||DNP||DNP|
|The Open Championship||DNP||DNP||DNP||DNP||DNP||DNP||DNP|
NT = No tournament
DNP = Did not play
WD = Withdrew
CUT = missed the half-way cut
R64, R32, R16, QF, SF = Round in which player lost in PGA Championship match play
"T" indicates a tie for a place
Green background for wins. Yellow background for Top 10.
- Vardon Trophy: 1939
- PGA Tour Money Winner: 1944, 1945
- Associated Press Male Athlete of the Year: 1944, 1945
- Bob Jones Award: 1974
- World Golf Hall of Fame: 1974
- Old Tom Morris Award: 1994
- PGA Tour Lifetime Achievement Award: 1997
- Payne Stewart Award: 2000
- Congressional Gold Medal: 2006
See also 
- Byron Nelson Award
- List of golfers with most PGA Tour wins
- List of longest PGA Tour win streaks
- List of men's major championships winning golfers
- Most PGA Tour wins in a year
- Kelley, Brent. "Biography of golfer Ben Hogan". Retrieved 2007-05-25.
- Kelley, Brent. "Biography of golfer Sam Snead". Retrieved 2007-05-25.
- "World Golf Hall of Fame Profile: Byron Nelson". Retrieved 2007-05-22.
- Legendary golfer Byron Nelson, a faithful church member, dies at 94, by Bobby Ross, Jr., The Christian Chronicle
- The Gigantic Book of Golf Quotations, ed. Jim Apfelbaum. 2007.
- Grace, style and morality: Nelson will be known as 'legend who will never fade', obituary by Art Stricklin, Sports Illustrated, September 26, 2006 (retrieved November 2, 2006)
- Ben Hogan: An American Life, by James Dodson, 2003.
- Gettin' to the Dance Floor: An Oral History of American Golf, by Al Barkow, 1985
- Kessler, Peter. "Golf's great gentleman looks back -- and ahead" (interview). Golf Magazine. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-05-22.
- Ben Hogan: An American Life, by James Dodson, 2003
- Townsend, Brad. "A course for success" (Timeline). The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved 2007-05-22.
- Nelson, Byron; Palmer, Arnold (1993). How I Played the Game. Taylor Trade Publishing. ISBN 0-87833-819-5.
- "Tales from the Bunker" Because of their consistent one-two finishes [during the war years], Nelson and McSpaden were together referred to as the “Gold Dust Twins”.
- "About Golf: Biography of Golfer Byron Nelson". Retrieved 2007-05-18.
- Kelley, Brent. "Top 10 Individual Seasons in Men's Golf History". Retrieved 2007-05-21.
- "Byron Nelson: The Sand Trap". Retrieved 2007-05-22.
- Byron Nelson, Golf Champion, Is Dead at 94, by Richard Goldstein, The New York Times, September 26, 2006 (retrieved November 1, 2006)
- Nelson obituary in the Dayton Daily News
- Legendary memories: Byron Nelson was larger than life, and I was lucky to call him a friend, Jeff Rude, "Our Take" (column), Golf Week
- Death of Nelson shuts door on greatest era: 'Lord Byron' embodied the essence of the game like no one else, by Mike Celizic (column), MSNBC.com, October 3, 2006 (retrieved November 2, 2006)
- Frost, Mark (2007). The Match: The Day the Game of Golf Changed Forever. Hyperion Books. ISBN 978-1-4013-0278-8.
- Yocom, Guy (July 2000). "50 Greatest Golfers of All Time: And What They Taught Us". Golf Digest. Retrieved 2007-12-05.
- The Golf Book, p. 147. Sports Illustrated Books/Time Inc., New York, 2009.
- On and Off the Fairway, by Jack Nicklaus with Ken Bowden, 1978.
- H.R. 4902: Byron Nelson Congressional Gold Medal Act
- "A Look at Northwest ISD's Second High School". Retrieved 2007-05-19.
- Barkow, Al (1989). The History of the PGA TOUR. Doubleday. p. 263. ISBN 0-385-26145-4.
- Memorial Page for Byron Nelson, Hilltop Church of Christ, Roanoke, Texas (includes biographical sketch, quotations, photographs, and links to obituaries)
- Byron Nelson profile
- Byron Nelson profile at Golf Legends
- Byron Nelson's Congressional Medal
- Tribute to Byron Nelson
- HP Byron Nelson Championship Web site - golf tournament named after Byron Nelson
- HP Byron Nelson Championship Media Guide - contains biographical information
- Golf legend Nelson dies, Dallas Morning News, September 26, 2006
- American Golf Legend Nelson Dies BBC Sport, September 26, 2006