Bystřice (Frýdek-Místek District)
Exaltation of the Cross church
|• Mayor||Ladislav Olšar|
|• Total||16.09 km2 (6.21 sq mi)|
|Elevation||340 m (1,120 ft)|
|• Density||320/km2 (830/sq mi)|
|Postal code||739 95|
Bystřice (help·info) (Polish: , German: Bistrzitz) is a large village in Frýdek-Místek District, Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. It has a population of 5,173 (2006), Poles are 29.7% of the population. It lies between the Silesian and Moravian-Silesian Beskids mountain ranges, in the historical region of Cieszyn Silesia. The Hluchová River flows to the Olza River in the village.
Village was first mentioned in a written document in 1423 although it is probable that it has beginnings in the 14th century. Settlers have lived mainly off farming and pastures. Politically the village belonged to the Duchy of Teschen, since 1327 a fee of Kingdom of Bohemia, which after 1526 became part of the Habsburg Monarchy.
After 1540s Reformation prevailed in the Duchy of Teschen and a local Catholic church was taken over by Lutherans. Local Protestants built there a wooden church in 1587. It was taken from them (as one from around fifty buildings) in the region by a special commission and given back to the Roman Catholic Church on 21 March 1654. In spite of being bereft of place of worship many of the local inhabitants remained to be Lutherans. After issuing the Patent of Toleration in 1781 they subsequently organized a local Lutheran parish as one of over ten in the region. The Catholic church was dismantled in 1897. In the place of this wooden church was later built a current Exaltation of the Cross Catholic wooden church. Lutherans built a wooden church in 1782 and current bricked one in 1811-1817.
After the construction of Třinec Iron and Steel Works in 1839, some of villagers went there working as workers. Many traditional old wooden houses still remain in some parts of the village.
Polish communist politician Karol Śliwka was born in the village.
- "2001 census data". Czech Statistical Office.
- Broda, Jan (1992). "Materiały do dziejów Kościoła ewangelickiego w Księstwie Cieszyńskim i Państwie Pszczyńskim w XVI i XVII wieku". Z historii Kościoła ewangelickiego na Śląsku Cieszyńskim (in Polish). Katowice: Dom Wydawniczy i Księgarski „Didache“. pp. 259–260. ISBN 83-85572-00-7.
- Michejda, Karol (1992). "Dzieje Kościoła ewangelickiego w Księstwie Cieszyńskim (od Reformacji do roku 1909)". Z historii Kościoła ewangelickiego na Śląsku Cieszyńskim (in Polish). Katowice: Dom Wydawniczy i Księgarski „Didache“. pp. 144–145. ISBN 83-85572-00-7.
- Cicha, Irena; Kazimierz Jaworski, Bronisław Ondraszek, Barbara Stalmach and Jan Stalmach (2000). Olza od pramene po ujście. Český Těšín: Region Silesia. ISBN 80-238-6081-X.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bystřice (Frýdek-Místek District).|