Bywater, New Orleans

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Coordinates: 29°57′46″N 90°02′24″W / 29.96278°N 90.04000°W / 29.96278; -90.04000
Bywater
New Orleans Neighborhood
Mazant1.jpg
Camellia Manor in Bywater, New Orleans
Country United States
State Louisiana
City New Orleans
Planning District District 7, Bywater District
Elevation 3 ft (0.9 m)
Coordinates 29°57′46″N 90°02′24″W / 29.96278°N 90.04000°W / 29.96278; -90.04000
Area 1.33 sq mi (3.4 km2)
 - land 0.94 sq mi (2 km2)
 - water 0.39 sq mi (1 km2), 29.32%
Population 2,181 (2010)
Density 1,640 / sq mi (633 / km2)
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Area code 504

Bywater is a neighborhood of the city of New Orleans. A subdistrict of the Bywater District Area, its boundaries as defined by the City Planning Commission are: Florida Avenue to the north, the Industrial Canal to the east, the Mississippi River to the south and Franklin Avenue Street to the west. Bywater is part of the Ninth Ward of New Orleans, but is located along the natural levee of the Mississippi River, sparing the area from significant flooding. It includes part or all of Bywater Historic District, which is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[1]

During Mardi Gras the Society of Saint Anne marching krewe starts their procession on Mardi Gras morning in Bywater and gathers marchers as it travels through the French Quarter and ends at Canal Street. This walking parade of local residents, artists, and performers is preceded by the Bywater Bone Boys Social Aid and Pleasure Club (founded 2005), an early-rising skeleton krewe made up of writers, tattoo artists, painters, set designers, musicians, and numerous other pre-7 a.m. revelers.

After Hurricane Katrina, many survivors flocked to the area as it was less affected by the storm, due to the slightly higher elevation closer to the Mississippi river. Bywater became part of what was known as the "Sliver By The River", meaning neighborhoods that saw no flooding, including Faubourg Marigny, the French Quarter and Irish Channel neighborhoods, and parts of the lower Garden District including St. Charles Avenue.[2]

Geography[edit]

Bywater is located at 29°57′46″N 90°02′24″W / 29.96278°N 90.04000°W / 29.96278; -90.04000 [3] and has an elevation of 3 feet (0.9 m)[4]. According to the United States Census Bureau, the district has a total area of 1.33 square miles (3.4 km2). 0.94 square miles (2.4 km2) of which is land and 0.39 square miles (1.0 km2) (29.32%) of which is water.

Adjacent Neighborhoods[edit]

Boundaries[edit]

The City Planning Commission defines the boundaries of Bywater as these streets: Florida Avenue, the Industrial Canal, the Mississippi River, Franklin Avenue, St. Claude Avenue Avenue, Clouet Street, Burgundy Street, Lesseps Street, North Galvez Street and Mazant Street.[5]

Locals usually designate less complex boundaries: the Mississippi River to St. Claude Avenue, and the railroad tracks along Press Street to the Industrial Canal.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 5,096 people, 2,263 households, and 1,030 families residing in the neighborhood.[6] The population density was 5,421 /mi² (2,123 /km²).

As of the census of 2010, there were 3,337 people, 1,763 households, and 573 families residing in the neighborhood.[6] The population density was 5,421 /mi² (2,123 /km²).

History[edit]

The area now known as Bywater was mostly plantation land in the Colonial era, with significant residential development beginning the first decade of the 19th century as part of what was known as "Faubourg Washington", part of the predominantly Francophone "Downtown" section of New Orleans. Many people from France, Spain and the French Caribbean settled here. During the century, it grew with both White Creoles of French and Spanish descent, as well as mixed race Creoles of French, Spanish, African and Native American descent. They were also joined by immigrants from Germany, Italy and Ireland.

There was little distinction between this area and what became known as the Lower 9th Ward until the Industrial Canal was dredged in the early 20th century, dividing the two.

Historical marker placed at Press and Royal Streets commemorating the planned arrest of Homer Plessy on June 7, 1892.

A generation knew the area as the "Upper 9th Ward", but as other parts of the 9th Ward above the Canal farther from the River became developed, a more specific name was needed. Inspired by the local telephone exchange designation of Bywater, which fit the neighborhood's proximity to the River and the Canal, the neighborhood was known as "Bywater" by the 1940s.

Development and speculation surrounding the 1984 World's Fair prompted many long-term French Quarter residents to move down river, at first into Marigny, but by the late 1990s the bohemian artistic type of communities such as were found in the French Quarter mid-century had spread down to Bywater, and many long-neglected 19th century houses began to be refurbished.

The Bywater is also home to the site at which Homer Plessy was removed from an East Louisiana Railroad car for violating the separate car act, an event that resulted in the Plessy v. Ferguson case and the legal doctrine of "separate but equal." Today, a historical marker stands at the intersection of Press Street and Royal Street to commemorate the event.[7]

The Bywater, along with neighboring Faubourg Marigny, are two of the most colorful neighborhoods in New Orleans. The Architectural styles borrow heavily from the colonial French and Spanish and has elements of the Caribbean, this unique blending of architectural elements over the last three centuries has resulted in an architectural style unique to the city of New Orleans.

As the section of Bywater on the river side of St. Claude Avenue was one of the few portions of the 9th Ward to escape major flooding in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, it has made steady progress toward recovery, more so than many other parts of the city.

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bywater". Historic District Landmarks Commission. The City of New Orleans. Retrieved 9 February 2011. 
  2. ^ Ellwood, Mark (19 June 2010). "Sliver by the river". Financial Times. Retrieved 9 February 2011. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ Greater New Orleans Community Data Center. "Bywater Neighborhood". Retrieved 2008-06-21. 
  6. ^ a b "Bywater Neighborhood". Greater New Orleans Community Data Center. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  7. ^ Reckdahl, Katy (6 October 2009). "Plessy and Ferguson unveil plaque today marking their ancestors' actions". Times Picayune. Retrieved 9 February 2011. 
  8. ^ "Sense Of Place: Ani DiFranco's Fresh Perspective On New Orleans". Retrieved 2012-06-15. 

External links[edit]