Byzacena

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Provincia Byzacena
Province of the Byzantine Empire

c. 293–698
Capital Hadrumetum
Historical era Antiquity
 -  Division by Diocletian c. 293
 -  Arab-Byzantine Wars 698
Today part of  Tunisia

Byzacena was a Roman province in what is now Tunisia.

At the end of the third century AD, the Emperor Diocletian divided the great Roman province of Africa Proconsularis into three smaller provinces: Zeugitana in the north, still governed by a proconsul and referred to as Proconsularis, Byzacena, and Tripolitania in the south. It corresponded roughly to the modern Tunisian region of Sahel.

Hadrumetum (modern Sousse) became the capital of the newly made province, whose governor had the rank of consularis. At this period the metropolis of Byzacena was, after Carthage, the most important town in Roman Africa.

Episcopal sees[edit]

Ancient episcopal sees of Byzacena listed in the Annuario Pontificio as titular sees:[1]

  • Abaradira
  • Abari
  • Abidda (ruins of Ksour-Abbeda)
  • Acholla (Henchir-El-Alia)
  • Aeliae (Henchir-Mraba? Henchir-Merelma)
  • Africa
  • Afufenia
  • Aggar (Sidi-Amara)
  • Aggersel (Abd-Er-Rahman-El-Garis? Tacrouna?)
  • Ammaedara
  • Amudarsa (in the plain of Saïda)
  • Ancusa
  • Aquae Albae in Byzacena
  • Aquae in Byzacena
  • Aquae Regiae (Henchir-Baboucha?)
  • Aurusuliana (in the territory of Henchir-Guennara)
  • Ausafa
  • Autenti
  • Auzegera
  • Bahanna (Henchir-Nebahna? ruins of Biniana?)
  • Bararus (Henchir-Ronga, Rougga)
  • Bassiana
  • Bavagaliana
  • Bennefa (Oglet-Khefifa)
  • Bladia (Henchir-Baldia?)
  • Buleliana
  • Cabarasussi (Drâa-Bellouan)
  • Carcabia
  • Cariana
  • Cebarades
  • Cenculiana
  • Cercina
  • Cibaliana
  • Cillium
  • Crepedula
  • Cufruta
  • Chusira (Kessera)
  • Decoriana
  • Dices (Henchir-Sidi-Salah, Sadic?)
  • Dionysiana
  • Drua (Henchir-Bou-Driès)
  • Dura
  • Edistiana
  • Egnatia
  • Febiana
  • Feradi Maius (Henchir-El-Ferada?)
  • Feradi Minus
  • Filaca
  • Fissiana (in the plain of Foussana?)
  • Foratiana
  • Forontoniana (Henchir-Bir-El-Menadka?)
  • Gaguari
  • Garriana (Henchir-El-Garra)
  • Gemellae in Byzacena (Sidi-Aïch)
  • Germaniciana (ruins of Ksour-El-Maïeta? Melloul? ruins of Hadjeh-El-Aïoun?)
  • Gratiana
  • Gubaliana (ruins of Djebeliana? ruins of Henchir-Goubel?)
  • Gummi in Byzacena (Henchir-Gelama?, Henchir-El-Senem)
  • Gurza (Kalaat-Kebira)
  • Hadrumetum
  • Hermiana
  • Hierpiniana
  • Hirina
  • Horrea Coelia
  • Iubaltiana (at Kairouan)
  • Iunca in Byzacena (Ounga)
  • Leptiminus
  • Limisa (Henchir-Boudja)
  • Macon
  • Macriana Maior
  • Macriana Minor
  • Mactaris
  • Madarsuma (Henchir-Bou-Doukhane?)
  • Maraguia (ruins of Ksar-Margui?)
  • Marazanae (Henchir-Guennara)
  • Marazanae Regiae
  • Masclianae (ruins of Hadjeb-El-Aioun?)
  • Materiana
  • Maximiana in Byzacena (near Sousse)
  • Mediana
  • Menefessi (Henchir-Djemmiah)
  • Mibiarca
  • Midica (near Sfax)
  • Mididi (Henchir-Medded, Midid)
  • Mimiana
  • Mozotcori
  • Munatiana
  • Mutia (Henchir-El-Gheria, Henchir-Furna)
  • Muzuca in Byzacena (Henchir-Besra)
  • Nara
  • Nationa
  • Nepte
  • Octaba
  • Pederodiana (Oum-Federa, Fodra?)
  • Precausa
  • Praesidium
  • Putia in Byzacena (Bir-Abdallah?)
  • Quaestoriana
  • Rufiniana
  • Ruspae
  • Rusticiana
  • Sassura (Henchir Es-Zaouadi)
  • Scebatiana
  • Segermes
  • Selendeta
  • Septimunicia (ruins of Oglet-El-Metnem? Henchir-El-Bliaa?)
  • Severiana
  • Sufes
  • Sufetula
  • Suliana
  • Sullectum (Salacia)
  • Tabalta (Henchir-Gourghebi?)
  • Tagarbala (Bordj-Tamra, Tamera)
  • Tagaria
  • Tagase
  • Talaptula
  • Tamalluma (Oasis of Telmin)
  • Tamata
  • Tamazeni
  • Tambeae (in the region of Aïn-Beida and Henchir-Baboucha)
  • Tanudaia
  • Taparura
  • Taraqua (Ksour-El-Khaoua?)
  • Tarasa in Byzacena (near Djebel-Trozza?)
  • Temuniana (Henchir-Temounia?)
  • Tetci
  • Thagamuta (in the plain of Guemouda?)
  • Thala
  • Thapsus
  • Thasbalta (in the valley of Segui?)
  • Thelepte
  • Thenae (Henchir-Tina)
  • Theuzi
  • Thiges (Bordj-Gourbata)
  • Thucca Terenbenthina (Henchir Dougga)
  • Thysdrus
  • Tigias (Henchir-Taus in the oasis of Kriz)
  • Tiguala
  • Trofimiana
  • Tubulbaca (Teboulba?)
  • Turrisblanda
  • Turres in Byzacena (ruins of Tamarza? ruins of Msilica?)
  • Turris Tamalleni (ruins of Oum-Es-Samâa)
  • Tusuros
  • Unizibira (Henchir-Zembra?)
  • Usula
  • Uzita
  • Valentiniana
  • Vartana (Srâa-Ouartane)
  • Vassinassa
  • Vegesela in Byzacena (Henchir-Recba)
  • Vibiana
  • Vicus Aterii
  • Victoriana
  • Vicus Augusti (ruins of Sidi El Hani, Henchir-Sabra?)
  • Vita (ruins of Beni-Derraj?)
  • Zella (Zaouila, suburb of Mahdia? ruins of Zellez?)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2013, ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), "Sedi titolari", pp. 819-1013