Byzantine Catholic Archeparchy of Pittsburgh
Archeparchy of Pittsburgh
St. John the Baptist Byzantine Catholic Cathedral
|Ecclesiastical province||Byzantine Catholic Metropolitan Church of Pittsburgh|
|(as of 2009)
|Denomination||Catholic Church (Eastern Catholic)|
|Established||May 8, 1924 (90 years ago)|
|Cathedral||St. John the Baptist Byzantine Catholic Cathedral|
|Metropolitan Archbishop||William C. Skurla
Metropolitan of Pittsburgh
The Byzantine Catholic Archeparchy of Pittsburgh (Latin: Archieparchia Pittsburgensis Ritus Byzantini) is the Catholic archeparchy (archdiocese) governing all of the Byzantine Catholic (Ruthenian) Church in the Western portion of Pennsylvania, eastern Ohio, and in the states of Louisiana, Oklahoma, Texas, and West Virginia. Its chancery office and the residence of the Archbishop are located at 66 Riverview Avenue in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. It is distinguished from the Latin Rite Diocese of Pittsburgh.
The current archbishop is the Most Reverend William C. Skurla.
Byzantine Catholics in the United States were given sui iuris (self-governing) status as a Metropolia by Pope Paul VI in 1969. Archbishop Stephen Kocisko was installed as the first Metropolitan-Archbishop on June 11, 1969, at Holy Spirit Church in Oakland (Pittsburgh). He was the first prelate in the history of people from the Subcarpathian Rus region (of present day Ukraine and Slovakia), to hold this rank.
In 1924, the church had been established by the Holy See as an exarchate, known as the '"Apostolic Exarchate of Pittsburgh for Faithful of the Oriental Rite (Ruthenian)'". Exarchate is an ecclesiastical term which indicates a "missionary diocese" or territory.
This move separated the Ruthenian Greek Catholic Church in the United States into two distinct groups: one for those originating from Galicia (in modern day Ukraine) with its see in Philadelphia, PA and the other for those who were from the Carpathian Mountain region (in modern day Ukraine and Slovakia), as well as those from Hungary and Croatia. In time, the two groups would come to be known as Ukrainian Greek Catholics and Ruthenian Byzantine Catholics, respectively. The Exarchate of Pittsburgh was elevated to the status of an eparchy in 1963.
The Archeparchy of Pittsburgh also operates SS. Cyril and Methodius Byzantine Catholic Seminary in the North Side section of the city, for the training of candidates for the priesthood and diaconate, cantors and those in other ministries. Established in 1950 by Bishop Daniel Ivancho, the seminary serves all four eparchies of the Byzantine Catholic Metropolitan Church of Pittsburgh.
As of 2010, the Archeparchy has 85 parishes under its canonical jurisdiction.
- Basil Takach (1924–1948)
- Daniel Ivancho (1948–1954)
- Nicholas Thomas Elko (1955–1967)
- Stephen John Kocisko (1967–1991)
- Thomas Victor Dolinay (1991–1993)
- Judson Michael Procyk (1994–2001)
- Basil Myron Schott, O.F.M. (2002–2010)
- William C. Skurla (since 2012)
The majority of the archepachy's parishes are located in Western Pennsylvania, particularly in the Pittsburgh and Johnstown metropolitan areas. Although most Ohio churches fall under the jurisdiction of the Byzantine Catholic Eparchy of Parma, 5 churches in metropolitan Youngstown and 5 churches in Ohio River communities are governed by the archepathy. Additionally, there are churches in the following states: 1 in Louisiana, 1 in Tennessee, 3 in Texas, and 2 in West Virginia.
- Byzantine Catholic Metropolitan Church of Pittsburgh
- Byzantine Catholic Eparchy of Passaic
- Byzantine Catholic Eparchy of Parma
- Byzantine Catholic Eparchy of Van Nuys
- List of the Catholic bishops of the United States#Metropolia of Pittsburgh for the Ruthenians
- Byzantine Catholic Metropolia of Pittsburgh (1999). Byzantine-Ruthenian Metropolitan Church of Pittsburgh Directory. Pittsburgh: Byzantine Catholic Metropolitan Church of Pittsburgh. ISBN none.
- Magocsi, Paul Robert and Ivan Pop (2005). Encyclopedia of Rusyn History and Culture. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. ISBN 0-8020-3566-3.
- Warzeski, Walter C. (1971). Byzantine Rite Rusins in Carpatho-Ruthenia and America. Pittsburgh: Byzantine Seminary Press. ISBN none.
- The Archeparchy of Pittsburgh
- Metropolia of Pittsburgh
- Archeparchy of Pittsburgh (Ruthenian) at Catholic-Hierarchy.org
- Byzantine Catholic Church in America