Thành phố Cà Mau
|• Land||250.3 km2 (96.6 sq mi)|
|Website||Tỉnh Cà Mau|
Cà Mau ( listen) is a city in southern Vietnam. It is the capital of Cà Mau Province, a province in the Mekong Delta region, in the southernmost part of Vietnam's inland territory. Vietnam's incumbent Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung was born and raised here. The city is characterized by its system of transport canals and most goods are transported here by boats and barges.
The city's population is approximately 204,895 (as of 2010). The majority of its residents is ethnic Vietnamese, with 300 Khmer Krom households and 400 Hoa households. Cà Mau city is accessible by road (360 km south-west of Ho Chi Minh City) via National Route 1A or by air (Cà Mau Airport). Cà Mau is administratively subdivided into 8 urban phuong and 7 rural xa.
Cà Mau is Vietnam's biggest exporter of shrimp and prawns. In 2005, Cà Mau province alone exported about $500 million of shrimp and prawns. A large petroleum project under construction, the Cà Mau Gas Power Fertilizer Project, is valued at $ 1.4 billion with the following constructions:
- 2 thermal power plants with total capacity of 1500 MW (equipment to be provided by the German company Siemens)
- A fertilizer plant with production capacity at 800,000 metric tonnes of urea/year, and
- A gas pipeline 18 inches in diameter to extend 298 km offshore and with 27 km onshore piping in gas from the PM3 gas field shared with Malaysia. Two billion cubic meters of gas will be piped to feed these plants per year.
The project is to be completed in 2009.
Cà Mau has several attractions that draw domestic and international tourists. These include several wild bird parks, the southernmost point in Vietnam (called Mũi Cà Mau), and a number of Khmer pagodas. Near Cà Mau is the U Minh area with its famous mangrove forest and swamp cuisine: fish hot pots, Vietnamese, Chinese, and Khmer cuisine. Cà Mau also has several 1- to 3-star hotel restaurants.
The region of the present Cà Mau province was once a territory of the Kingdom of Funan (in Vietnamese: Vương quốc Phù Nam), which included Laos, Cambodia, and extended east to Thailand, and southern Vietnam (Vietnamese: Nam Bộ). This region later became a part of the Chan La Kingdom (in Vietnamese: Chân Lạp) and the Khmer Empire, which included Cambodia, eastern Thailand, and southern Vietnam. In 1757, the land belonging to Cà Mau province (in Khmer language "the black land") was ceded by the Chan Lap king to the Nguyễn lord of Vietnam with an early settlement of Khmer, Chinese and Vietnamese. During the French colonial period, Cà Mau was only a small town. During the Vietnam War, the area nearby Cà Mau was a stronghold (in Vietnamese: Chiến khu cách mạng) for the National Front for the Liberation of Vietnam also known as the Viet Cong, a Hanoi-backed guerrilla group fighting the United States Army and the South Vietnamese government during the Vietnam War. After 1975, Cà Mau was made the administrative seat and the governmental center of Minh Hải Province, which included Cà Mau and Bạc Liêu Province). In 1995, Cà Mau province broke off from Minh Hải Province with Cà Mau its capital. In 1999, the prime minister by a decree recognized Cà Mau (in Vietnamese: Thị xã) as a city – Cà Mau city (3rd class urban area as per Vietnamese laws). In 2010, the Prime Minister further upgraded Cà Mau to a 2nd class urban area.
Cà Mau is served by Cà Mau Airport.
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