Cápac Yupanqui

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Cápac Yupanqui
Brooklyn Museum - Capac Yupanqui, Fifth Inca, 1 of 14 Portraits of Inca Kings - overall.jpg
Painting of Cápac Yupanqui, oil on canvas, Brooklyn Museum
Title Sapa Inca
Predecessor Mayta Cápac
Successor Inca Roca
Spouse(s) Qorihillpay
Cusi Chimbo
Children Inca Roca
Quispe Yupanqui
Parent(s) Mayta Cápac
Mama Cuca

Cápac Yupanqui (Quechua Qhapaq Yupanki Inka, "splendid accountant Inca") was the fifth Sapa Inca of the Kingdom of Cusco (beginning around CE 1320) and the last of the Hurin dynasty.[1]

Family[edit]

Yupanqui was a son and successor of Mayta Cápac while his elder brother Cunti Mayta became high priest.[2]:44

His chief wife was Mama Cusi Hilpay (or Qorihillpay or Ccuri-hilpay), the daughter of the lord of Anta, previously a great enemy of the Incas.[3]

His son with a woman called Cusi Chimbo, founder of the Hanan dynasty, was Inca Roca.[4]

Reign[edit]

In legend Yupanqui is a great conqueror; the chronicler Juan de Betanzos says that he was the first Inca to conquer territory outside the valley of Cuzco—which may be taken to delimit the importance of his predecessors.

He subjugated the Cuyumarca and Ancasmarca. His sons from other women included Apu Calla, Humpi, Apu Saca, Apu Chima-chaui, Apu Urco Huaranca, and Uchun-cuna-ascalla-rando. He died in 980, at the age of 104 years, after reigning for 89 years.[2]:44

Garcilaso de la Vega reports that he improved the city of Cuzco with many buildings, bridges, roads, and aqueducts.[5]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ The First New Chronicle and Good Government by Felipe Guamán Poma de Ayala and Roland Hamilton
  2. ^ a b de Gamboa, P.S., 2015, History of the Incas, Lexington, ISBN 9781463688653
  3. ^ The Incas: the royal commentaries of the Inca, Garcilaso de la Vega
  4. ^ Reading Inca History by Catherine Julien
  5. ^ The Incas: the royal commentaries of the Inca, Garcilaso de la Vega
Preceded by
Mayta Cápac
Sapa Inca
C. 1320 CE
Succeeded by
Inca Roca