Câmpeni

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Câmpeni
Town
Câmpeni is located in Romania
Câmpeni
Câmpeni
Location of Câmpeni
Coordinates: 46°21′45″N 23°2′44″E / 46.36250°N 23.04556°E / 46.36250; 23.04556Coordinates: 46°21′45″N 23°2′44″E / 46.36250°N 23.04556°E / 46.36250; 23.04556
Country  Romania
County Alba County
Status Town
Government
 • Mayor Ioan Călin Andreș (National Liberal Party)
Area
 • Total 86.6 km2 (33.4 sq mi)
Population (2002)
 • Total 8,080
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Câmpeni (German: Topesdorf; Hungarian: Topánfalva) is a town in Alba County, Transylvania, Romania. As of July 2002 the town had a population of 8,080 inhabitants. The town administers 21 villages: Boncești, Borlești, Botești, Certege, Coasta Vâscului, Dănduț, Dealu Bistrii, Dealu Capsei, Dric, Fața Abrudului, Florești, Furduiești, Mihoești, Motorăști, Peste Valea Bistrii, Poduri, Sorlița, Tomușești, Valea Bistrii, Valea Caselor and Vârși.

History[edit]

The town has historical significance as the capital of the "Ţara Moţilor" region. It is believed to be the site where the Revolt of Horea, Cloşca and Crişan (1784–1785) started. Horea was born near Câmpeni in the village that used to be called Arada (since renamed to Horea). His cellar is a tourist attraction in the town.

During the Transylvanian revolution of 1848, Câmpeni was the political and military stronghold of Avram Iancu, a revolutionary leader of the Transylvanian Romanians' national movement. The Avram Iancu Museum is located in the town.

Economy[edit]

The town is a regional center for lumber exploitation and the furniture industry. Even though the town is located in a mining region the mining industry is not part of its industrial heritage. Câmpeni is growing in popularity as a tourist center.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1966 7,170 —    
1977 7,682 +7.1%
1992 8,878 +15.6%
2002 8,587 −3.3%
2011 6,942 −19.2%
Source: Census data

According to the census from 2011 there was a total population of 6,942 people living in this commune. Of this population, 96.52% are ethnic Romanians, 3.35% ethnic Romani and 0.08% are ethnic Hungarians.[1]

References[edit]