Câmpulung

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For other uses, see Câmpulung (disambiguation).
Câmpulung
Municipality
A clock tower
A clock tower
Coat of arms of Câmpulung
Coat of arms
Câmpulung is located in Romania
Câmpulung
Câmpulung
Location of Câmpulung
Coordinates: 45°16′04″N 25°2′47″E / 45.26778°N 25.04639°E / 45.26778; 25.04639Coordinates: 45°16′04″N 25°2′47″E / 45.26778°N 25.04639°E / 45.26778; 25.04639
Country  Romania
County Argeş County
Status Municipality
Government
 • Mayor Andrei Călin
Population (2011)
 • Total 30,025
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website http://www.primariacampulung.ro/

Câmpulung (also spelled Cîmpulung, Romanian pronunciation: [kɨmpuˈluŋɡ]), or Câmpulung Muscel, is a city in the Argeş County, Muntenia, Romania. It is situated among the outlying hills of the Carpathian mountains, at the head of a long well-wooded glen traversed by the Râul Târgului, a tributary of the Argeş.

Its pure air and fine scenery render Câmpulung a popular summer resort. In the city there are more than twenty churches, besides a monastery and a cathedral, which both claim to have been founded in the 13th century by Radu Negru, legendary first Prince of Wallachia.

History[edit]

Paol House (Casa Paol) and Grădina Pieței (Garden Square) in 1906

Near Câmpulung are the remains of a Roman camp now know as the Castra of Jidava (or Jidova); and just beyond the gates, vestiges of a Roman colony, variously identified with Romula, Stepenium and Ulpia Traiana, but now called Grădiştea (meaning place of a fortress in Romanian) or Jidovi.

"Câmpulung" literally means "Long Field" in Romanian.

Câmpulung was one of the earliest urban settlements in Wallachia, the Transylvanian Saxons contributing to its development by bringing the German urban culture. The earliest written evidence of the town's existence is dated 1300, and is to be found in the Câmpulung church. The inscription is an epitaph of Laurencius de Longo Campo, the mayor of the German community, the full text being Hic sepultus est comes Laurencius de Longo-Campo, pie memorie, Anno Domini MCCC ("Here is buried Laurentius of Longus-Campus, in pious memory, Anno Domini 1300").

Câmpulung was the first capital of the feudal state of Wallachia, until succeeded by Curtea de Argeş in the 14th century. There was a considerable traffic with Transylvania, over the Bran Pass, 15 miles to the north, and with the south by a branch railway to Ploieşti.

Census[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1900 13,033 —    
1912 16,090 +23.5%
1930 13,868 −13.8%
1948 18,174 +31.0%
1956 18,880 +3.9%
1966 24,877 +31.8%
1977 31,533 +26.8%
1992 44,125 +39.9%
2002 38,285 −13.2%
2011 30,025 −21.6%
Source: Census data

See also[edit]

External links[edit]