Cäcilie, Op. 27 No. 2, is the second in a set of four songs composed by Richard Strauss in 1894.
The words are from a love poem "Cäcilie" written by Heinrich Hart (1855-1906), a German dramatic critic and journalist who also wrote poetry. It was written for the poet's wife Cäcilie.
Instrumentation and accompaniment
The song was originally written with piano accompaniment in the key of E major, but later orchestrated in his 'heroic' key of E♭. The instrumentation is: 2 flutes, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets in B♭, 2 bassoons, 4 horns in E♭, 2 trumpets in E♭, 3 trombones, tuba, 3 timpani, harp and the orchestral string section.
The tempo direction is "Sehr lebhaft und drängend".
Strauss, in his rich and lively orchestration, included parts for a solo string player from each section.
The change of key a semitone down from E to E♭ explains why, from bar 34 on the violas are asked to play the note B, a semitone below the lowest note normally possible on the instrument. At this point Strauss asks half the violas to tune this string down a semitone.
The other songs of Strauss' Opus 27:
- Op. 27 No. 1 "Ruhe, meine Seele!" (Nicht ein Lüftchen regt sich leise)
- Op. 27 No. 3 "Heimliche Aufforderung" (Auf, hebe die funkelnde Schale)
- Op. 27 No. 4 "Morgen!" (Und morgen wird die Sonne wieder scheinen)
There are many recordings of this, one of Strauss's most popular songs.
- Renée Fleming, Rome
- Renée Fleming, Copenhagen
- Renée Fleming, Beijing
- Renée Fleming, Moscow
- Jessye Norman
- Anna Netrebko
- Ben Heppner
Orchestral accompaniment, sound only:
- Kiri te Kanawa and Georg Solti
- Christa Ludwig and Gerald Moore
- Kishani Jayasinghe
- Krista McClellan and Matthew Larson
Piano acccompaniment, sound only:
- Joana Banyeres and Maria Canela
- Gwyneth Jones and John Wustman, Carnegie Hall, 1978
- Bárbara Hendricks
References and notes
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (June 2009)|
- Richard Strauss Lieder, Complete Edition Vol. IV, London, 1965, Boosey & Hawkes
- Full score: "Very lively and urgent".
- Note in the full score: "Die Hälfte nach H unstimmen"
- Hart: "kämst"
- Hart: "Höhen"