Cédula de identidad
A Cédula de Identidad also known as cédula de ciudadanía or Documento de identidad (DNI) is a national identity document used in many countries in Central and South America. The word cedula means, in general, an order or authorization; in earlier times such a document on the authority of a king, or a royal decree.
In certain countries, such as Costa Rica, a cédula de identidad is the only valid ID document for many purposes; for example, a driving license or passport is not valid to open a bank account. The term "cédula" may also colloquially refer to the number on the identity document.
In Costa Rica, in recent years, a cédula de identidad, has been a credit card-sized plastic card. On one side, it includes a photo of the person, a personal identification number, and the card's owner personal information (complete name, gender, birth date, and others), and the user's signature. On the reverse, it may include additional information such as the date when the ID card was granted, expiration date of the ID card, and other such as their fingerprints, and all the owner's information in PDF417 code.
The cards may include several security measures, including the use of ultraviolet coating.
In the near future in Costa Rica, the cédulas de identidad will also be used in the digital signature process.
In Guatemala, cédulas are made of paper, folded and stapled booklet style, with a blue cover. They are about the size of credit cards. Municipal governments typically issue them for their residents. Cédulas are authenticated by the signature of the local Civil Registry.
- "Gutenberg", 2008, webpage: Guten-11.
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