César Manrique

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César Manrique (pronounced: [ˈθesar manˈrike]) (24 April 1919 - 25 September 1992) was an artist and an architect.

Mosaic of César Manrique

Biography[edit]

Windmill of César Manrique

Manrique was born in Arrecife, Lanzarote, and grew up in the area of San Ginés lagoon. He fought in the Spanish Civil War as a volunteer in the artillery unit on Franco's side. At age 23, he participated in his first exhibition in Arrecife. He attended the University of La Laguna, but transferred to Escuela Superior de Bellas Artes de San Fernando in Madrid for five years in 1945. With Nelson Rockefeller in 1964, he visited Houston and New York in the "Catherine Viviano" gallery.

Manrique visited and learned from famous people including Rita Hayworth, King Hussein of Jordan, Helmut Kohl, Spanish Prime Minister Felipe González, Luis Ibáñez, Andy Warhol, Barbara Rosse and Alfredo Kraus.

Manrique had a major influence on the planning regulations in Lanzarote, when he recognised its tourist potential and lobbied successfully to encourage sympathetic development of tourism. One aspect of this is the lack of high rise hotels on the island. Those that are there are in keeping with the use of traditional colours in their exterior decoration.

Manrique died in a car accident at Tahíche, Teguise, very near the Fundación, his Lanzarote home, in 1992. He was aged 73.

César Manrique Foundation[edit]

One of the living spaces created within the volcanic bubble
The large mural outside the house, in the fountain area

The César Manrique foundation was set up in 1982 by César Manrique and a group of friends but wasn't officially opened until 1992 after Manrique died. The foundation, based at Manrique's home before he moved out for a quieter life, is a private, non-profit organisation set-up to allow tourists access to Manrique's home. The foundation is also an art-gallery featuring art created by Manrique himself as well as that acquired during his life. The gallery includes original sketches by Pablo Picasso and Joan Miró. The money the foundation takes from ticket sales goes toward raising awareness about the art of Lanzarote, as well as being used to fund the foundation's "artistic, cultural and environmental activities".

Manrique's home itself is built within a 3,000 m2 lot, on the site of the Lanzarote eruptions in the 18th century and was created upon Manrique's return from New York in 1966. The rooms on the first floor, including the artist studios, were created with the intention of keeping with Lanzarote traditions, yet making them more modern with open spaces and large windows. The "ground floor", more appropriately titled the "basement", contains five areas situated within volcanic bubbles, the rooms bored into volcanic basalt. There is a central cave which houses a recreational area, including a swimming pool, a barbecue and a small dance floor.

Once outside the main house, the visitor comes to the outside area, where there is a small square with a fountain in the middle before approaching a small café area and the visitor shop. This area was once César Manrique's garage.

One of the foundation's fundamental missions is to oppose the spread of high-rise concrete across the Spanish coastline and her island. The foundation recently brought attention to 24 illegally erected hotels in Lanzarote. [1] This is a famous art gallery in the Island of Lanzarote

Honors[edit]

Works[edit]

Mirador del Rio

In Lanzarote

Jameos del Agua

.

  • Garden and swimming pools of the five-star hotel Las Salinas in Costa Teguise.
  • El triunfador (built in 1990 in the area of Fundacion César Manrique, a sculpture).
  • Juguetes del viento (built in 1992 in Arrieta, windmill).
  • El Diablo symbol of the Timanfaya National Park.
  • El Diablo Restaurant (Uses volcanic heat to cook; also has an outdoor volcanic barbecue pit Timanfaya National Park.

Outside Lanzarote

Additional images[edit]

References[edit]

  • César, Manrique Arquitectura inédita
  • Lancelot Internacional, Especial: César Manrique, Lanzarote, 3. Revisada 1996, Lanzarote. Idiomas: Español, Inglés y Alemán (3rd revision 1996, Lanzarote. Languages: English, German and Spanish).

External links[edit]