Cévennes

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Cévennes
Occitan: Cevenas
Gorges Du Tarn, Cevennes National Park, France.jpg
Highest point
Peak Mont Lozère
Elevation 1,702 m (5,584 ft)
Coordinates 44°25′34″N 03°44′21″E / 44.42611°N 3.73917°E / 44.42611; 3.73917Coordinates: 44°25′34″N 03°44′21″E / 44.42611°N 3.73917°E / 44.42611; 3.73917
Geography
MC cevenes.jpg
Location in the Massif Central
Country France
Départements Gard, Lozère, Ardèche and Haute-Loire
Parent range Massif Central

The Cévennes (Occitan: Cevenas) are a range of mountains in south-central France, covering parts of the départements of Ardèche, Gard, Hérault and Lozère.

Cévennes view

The word Cévennes comes from the Gaulish Cebenna, which was Latinized by Julius Caesar to Cevenna. The Cévennes are named Cemmenon (Κέμμενων) in Strabo's Geographica.

In French, the adjective derived from "Cévennes" is Cévenol (fem. Cévenole), as in d'Indy's Symphonie Cévenole, a composer of Ardèche origin (known in English as his "Symphony on a French Mountain Air"). The mountain range also gives its name to a meteorological effect when cold air from the Atlantic coast meets warm air of southern winds from the Mediterranean and causes heavy autumnal downpours, often leading to floods. These are called épisodes cévenols.

Geography[edit]

The Cévennes are a part of the Massif Central. They run from southwest (Montagne Noire) to northeast (Monts du Vivarais), with the highest point being the Mont Lozère (1702m). Another notable peak is the Mont Aigoual (1567m). The Loire and Allier flowing towards the Atlantic ocean, the Ardèche and tributary Chassezac, Cèze, the different Gardons to the Rhône, Vidourle, Hérault and Dourbie rivers to the sea source in the Cévennes. The region hosts Cévennes National Park, created in 1970 and the Parc Naturel Régional des Monts d'Ardèche. Two canyons are near the region: the Gorges de la Jonte (the Jonte River gorge) and the Gorges du Tarn (the Tarn River gorge). Arès is located at the foot of the Cévennes.

Population and history[edit]

The region today has a large community of French Protestants who still mostly consider and see themselves as Huguenots to this day who have inhabited the mountains since before the 16th century. During the reign of Louis XIV, much of the Huguenot population fled France, particularly following the revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685, but the community in the Cévennes largely remained in place, protected from attack by the hilly terrain which was also place of safety for other Huguenots during the time. In 1702, this Huguenot population, dubbed the Camisards, rose up against the monarchy.[1] The two sides agreed to peace in 1715 which enable the local Protestant Huguenots population to continue living in the Cévennes to the present day.

In World War 2, many Huguenots (French Protestants) in the village of Le Chambon-sur-Lignon helped save many of Jews by hiding or helping them fled from Vichy France.

In 2005 the French boutique car maker PGO introduced a model named for the region.[2][3]

Transport[edit]

3-hour TGV from Paris, 1h30 flight from London and 2h30 drive from Barcelona.

By car[edit]

By train[edit]

  • TGV daily between Paris, Lille and Lyon and major cities in the Cevennes.
  • Many stations served by trains and buses of the TER network Languedoc-Roussillon : www.ter-sncf.com (UK)

By Air[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]