Cường Để

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Cường Để
Phan Boi Chau va Cuong De.jpg
Phan Boi Chau (right) with Prince Cường Để, circa 1907.
Born Nguyễn Phúc Đan (阮福單)
(1882-01-11)11 January 1882
Died 1951
Tokyo, Japan
Known for Vietnamese revolutionary

Prince Cường Để (born Nguyễn Phúc Đan (阮福單); 11 January 1882, died 1951 in Tokyo) was an early 20th-century Vietnamese revolutionary who, along with Phan Bội Châu, unsuccessfully tried to liberate Vietnam from French colonial occupation.[1]

Để was a royal relative of the Nguyễn Dynasty, and, according to the old rule of primogeniture, was the heir of the dynasty, directly issued from the line of first-born descendants of Emperor Gia Long and his son Prince Cảnh.[2] He was officially an "external marquis" (Ky Ngoai Hau), who used his royal lineage to gain the support of wealthy patriots, particularly in the south of Vietnam, to finance his independence movement.[citation needed]

He was involved in the 1905 Đông Du (Go East) movement, which sent Vietnamese students to study in Japan, and for being the nominal leader of the 1904 Reformation Society (Duy Tân hội) and the 1911 Vietnam Restoration Organisation (Việt Nam Quang Phục Hội). However he became controversial due to his later support of the Japanese occupation of Vietnam during World War II, which he hoped would liberate Vietnam from the French.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ A Vietnamese Royal Exile in Japan: Prince Cuong De (1882-1951) (Routledge Studies in the Modern History of Asia) 2005 p23 "At fourteen, Cường Để inherited the title and with it the duty to perpetuate his line."
  2. ^ A Vietnamese Royal Exile in Japan by My-Van Tran, Tran My-Van My Duong, p. 22 [1]

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