||This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. (May 2010)|
|• Mayor||Radu Hanga (National Liberal Party)|
|• Total||23.78 km2 (9.18 sq mi)|
|Population (July 1, 2007)|
|• Density||1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
Câmpia Turzii (Romanian pronunciation: [kɨmˌpi.a ˈturzij]; German: Jerischmarkt; Hungarian: Aranyosgyéres) is a city in Cluj County, Romania, which was formed in 1925 by the union of two villages, Ghiriş (Aranyosgyéres) and Sâncrai (Szentkirály). It was declared a town in 1950 and a city in 1998.
The village of Sâncrai was mentioned in a 1219 document as "villa Sancti Regis" ("village of Holy King"), while Ghiriş was first documented in 1292 as "Terra Gerusteleke" ("Gerusteleke", literally meaning "plot of Gerus" in Hungarian).
Currently the city's ethnic composition is as follows:
- Romanians : 86.69% (49% in 1850)
- Hungarians : 7.23% (40% in 1850)
- Romani : 5.45% (10% in 1850)
- Others : 0.32%
The population has evolved as follows since 1784:
- 1784: Ghiriş: 565; Sâncrai: 472
- 1850: Ghiriş: 1,168; Sâncrai: 487
- 1910: Ghiriş: 1,815; Sâncrai: 704
- 1930: 4,124
- 1948: 6,310
- 1956: 11,518
- 1977: 22,418
- 2002: 29,852
- 2011: 20,677
The city is home to the Romanian Air Force's RoAF 71st Air Base, and during the NATO Summit of 2008, the 323rd Air Expeditionary Wing of the United States Air Force. F-15s from RAF Lakenheath in the United Kingdom flew out during the summit to augment air defence forces for the event.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Câmpia Turzii.|
- "Population as of July 1, 2007" (in Romanian). INSSE. April 4, 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-04.
- There were two Hungarian kings canonised by this time, Stephen I of Hungary and Ladislaus I of Hungary. Ladislaus was personally involved in several battles against Cuman invaders in this region.
- Centrul de Resurso. "Structura Etno-demografică a României". Retrieved 10 July 2012.
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