Câmpina

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Câmpina
Municipality
Coat of arms of Câmpina
Coat of arms
Location of Câmpina
Location of Câmpina
Coordinates: 45°07′48″N 25°44′24″E / 45.13000°N 25.74000°E / 45.13000; 25.74000Coordinates: 45°07′48″N 25°44′24″E / 45.13000°N 25.74000°E / 45.13000; 25.74000
Country  Romania
County Prahova County
Status Municipality
Government
 • Mayor Tiseanu Horia (Democrat Party)
Area
 • Total 24.23 km2 (9.36 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 32,935
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website http://www.primariacampina.ro/

Câmpina (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈkɨmpina]) is a city in Prahova county, Romania, north of the county seat Ploieşti, located on the main route between Wallachia and Transylvania. Its existence is first attested in a document of 1503.

History[edit]

Formerly a customs point on the trade route between Transylvania and Wallachia, the town developed at the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century as an oil extraction and processing center. Between 1897 and 1898, Câmpina was the site of the largest oil refinery in Europe.

Notable residents[edit]

Câmpina City Hall

Tourist attractions[edit]

  • "Nicolae Grigorescu" Memorial Museum
  • Iulia Hasdeu Castle
  • Biserica de la Han (de la brazi) (The Inn Church)
  • Geo Bogza Cultural Center
  • Casa Tineretului (The House of the Youth)
  • The House with Griffons (the actual city-hall), the first building with electric gates in Romania.
  • The Hernea Chapel
  • The Saint Nicholas Parish
  • Fântâna cu Cireşi (on the Muscel hill)
  • Muscel, Ciobu and Piţigaia hills
  • Prahova and Doftana riverbanks
  • Near "Paltinu" Dam

Education[edit]

There are 5 high schools in Campina:

  • Nicolae Grigorescu National College
  • Forestier Industrial High School
  • Energetic Industrial High School
  • Constantin Istrati Technical College
  • Machines Construction Industrial High School

There is also a Police Agents School in Câmpina, Şcoala de Agenţi de Poliţie "Vasile Lascăr", one of the two police agents schools in the country and Louis Pasteur Nursing and Pharma School.

Sport[edit]

The city is home to the 3rd division football club FC Unirea Câmpina and to 4th division football club FCM Câmpina, founded in 1936.

Population[edit]

  • 1900: 2,500
  • 1912: 8,500
  • 1950: 22,800
  • 2000: 38,758
  • 2012: 32,935

External links[edit]