Côông language

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Cốông
Native to Vietnam
Ethnicity Phunoi
Native speakers
2,000  (2009 census)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 cnc
Glottolog coon1239[2]

Cốông is a Loloish language of Vietnam. It is spoken by approximate 1,500 speakers in Mường Tè District, Lai Châu Province, Vietnam. It is related to but quite distinct from Phunoi.

Distribution[edit]

According to Edmondson, Cốông is spoken in 5 villages of Mường Tè District, Lai Châu Province, Vietnam.

  • Bo Lếch, Can Hồ commune
  • Nậm Khao, Nậm Khao commune
  • Nậm Pục, Nậm Khao commune
  • Tác Ngá, Mường Mồ commune
  • Nậm Kè, Mường Tong commune

According to Phạm Huy (1998:10), Côống is spoken in the following villages, all of which are in Mường Tè District except for Huổi Sâư.

  • Bo Lếch, Can Hồ commune
  • Nậm Luồng, Can Hồ commune (part of Bo Lếch before)
  • Nậm Khao, Nậm Khao commune
  • Nậm Pục, Nậm Khao commune
  • Tác Ngá, Mường Mô commune
  • Nậm Kè, Mường Toong commune
  • Huổi Sâư, Chà Cang commune, Mường Lay district

Subdivisions[edit]

Phạm Huy (1998:12) lists the following two Côống ethnic subdivisions.

  • Xí Tù Mạ (Silver Côống)
  • Xám Khổng Xú Lứ (Golden Côống)

Phrases[edit]

Golden Côống and Silver Côống differ linguistically, as illustrated by the following phrases from Phạm (1998:13) in Vietnamese orthography (quốc ngữ).

  • Golden Coong
    • Háng lế ('Who is there?')
    • Hàng chà ('eat rice')
    • Ý sộ tắng ('drink water')
  • Silver Coong
    • À sáng lê ('Who is there?')
    • Hắng tà ('eat rice')
    • Lắng tắng ('drink water')

Golden Côống numbers are:

  • 1. tìm
  • 2. nhịp
  • 3. xem
  • 4. ừn
  • 5. ngà
  • 6. khô
  • 7. xị
  • 8. dẹ
  • 9. quề
  • 10. trse
  • 11. trse tìm
  • 12. trse nhịp
  • 20. nhịp trse
  • 21. nhịp trse tìm
  • 30. xem trse
  • 31. xem trse tìm
  • 40. ừn trse
  • 50. ngà trse
  • 100. trse trse

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cốông at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Coong". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  • Edmondson, Jerold A. 2002. "The Central and Southern Loloish Languages of Vietnam". Proceedings of the Twenty-Eighth Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society: Special Session on Tibeto-Burman and Southeast Asian Linguistics (2002), pp. 1–13.
  • Phạm Huy. 1998. Bước đầu tìm hiểu văn hóa dân tộc Côống. Lai Châu: Sở Văn Hóa Thông Tin Lai Châu.