Côte-Saint-Luc

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Côte-Saint-Luc
City
City of Côte-Saint-Luc
Skyline of Côte-Saint-Luc
Location of Côte-Saint-Luc on the Island of Montreal.  (Grey areas indicate demerged municipalities).
Location of Côte-Saint-Luc on the Island of Montreal.
(Grey areas indicate demerged municipalities).
Coordinates: 45°28′N 73°40′W / 45.467°N 73.667°W / 45.467; -73.667
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Montréal
Incorporated 1903
City 1958
Electoral Districts
Federal

Mount Royal
Provincial D'Arcy-McGee
Government[1][2][3]
 • Mayor Anthony Housefather
 • Federal MP(s) Irwin Cotler (LIB)
 • Quebec MNA(s) David Birnbaum (PLQ)
Area[4]
 • Total 6.95 km2 (2.68 sq mi)
Population (2006)[4]
 • Total 31,395
 • Density 4,516.0/km2 (11,696/sq mi)
 • Change (2001-06) Increase3.8%
 • Dwellings 14,371
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Postal code(s) H4V, H4W
Area code(s) (514) and (438)
Website www.cotesaintluc.org

Côte-Saint-Luc is an on-island suburb of Montreal in Quebec, Canada.

History[edit]

Farm in Côte-Saint-Luc in 1941

Incorporated in 1903, Côte-Saint-Luc grew from a town to a city in 1958.

Throughout the 1920s, the town grew quickly and accepted many immigrant populations leaving Montreal, notably German-Jewish, Scottish, and British families and their descendants. By 1935, the population reached 5,000. Côte-Saint-Luc was slowly siding railroad development and industrial activities were relocating up north. A perfect example of this is an old warehouse near the intersection of Westminster and Côte-Saint-Luc which today became a strip mall.

After many years of debate and disagreement, Côte-Saint-Luc agreed to the extension of Cavendish Blvd. in Côte-Saint-Luc, most likely through an indirect route, to Cavendish Blvd. in the borough of Saint-Laurent, over the Canadian Pacific railyards. However, the City of Montreal has delayed their timeline for constructing the new road until at least 2015, seeing as there is a current debate on CPR sorting yard space recycling and rezoning deposited at the city planning department.

Côte-Saint-Luc (along with all Montreal Island's other suburbs) was forced to merge with the city of Montreal on January 1, 2002, but was given the opportunity to demerge from the city in 2004. During the four years that it was merged with the city of Montreal, some services decreased, such as fire inspections. It was merged with its neighbouring suburbs of Hampstead and Montreal West to form the borough of Côte-Saint-Luc—Hampstead—Montréal-Ouest. In a referendum held on June 20, 2004 more than 87 percent of Côte-Saint-Luc residents voted to demerge and Côte-Saint-Luc was re-established as a separate city on January 1, 2006.

Government[edit]

The leaders of the demerger movement were all elected (or acclaimed) to the new city council with Anthony Housefather being elected mayor. The City Manager is Tanya Abramovitch.[5]

The City of Côte-Saint-Luc is led by the mayor and eight councillors. The current councillors (as of October 2013) are:[6]

  1. Sam Goldbloom (District 1)
  2. Mike Cohen (District 2)
  3. Dida Berku (District 3)
  4. Steven Erdelyi (District 4)
  5. Allan J. Levine (District 5)
  6. Glenn J. Nashen (District 6)
  7. Mitchell Brownstein (District 7)
  8. Ruth Kovac (District 8)

Public services[edit]

Côte-Saint-Luc is served by a unique Emergency Medical Services (EMS) first responder system. The only volunteer first responders on the island of Montreal, the Emergency Medical Services department answers more than 3,000 calls for help every year. The EMS volunteers provide a vital link in the chain of survival, arriving on scene within three minutes to stabilize the patient, before the Urgences-Santé ambulance arrives to transport the patient to the hospital. In 2008-9, the Montreal Fire Department implemented an island wide first responder system. It was set to replace the Côte-Saint-Luc EMS; however, the town fought to keep their system. A private member's bill was passed in the National Assembly of Quebec to exclude Côte-Saint-Luc from the Montreal Fire Department.

Côte-Saint-Luc also has a full-time Public Security Department which enforces municipal by-laws and in 2006 launched the Volunteer Citizens on Patrol (vCOP) program that allows residents to help deter crime. The city is well known[citation needed] for its parks and recreational facilities, as well as the Eleanor London Côte-Saint-Luc Public Library. The library was named in honor of Eleanor London, the first librarian hired to set up whatever vision of a library she wanted. She continued in the capacity of chief librarian for 36 years. The Eleanor London Côte-Saint-Luc Library is one of few libraries in North America that is open every day of the year.

Geography[edit]

Along with Hampstead and Montreal West, Côte-Saint-Luc forms an enclave within Montreal. Côte-Saint-Luc also has two exclaves sandwiched between Hampstead and the city of Montreal. The larger one contains the residential development North of Hampstead and Decarie Square shopping centre, while the smaller one consists of just fifteen residential buildings on MacDonald Ave.

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
Year Pop. ±%
1966 20,546 —    
1971 24,380 +18.7%
1976 25,721 +5.5%
1981 27,531 +7.0%
1986 28,582 +3.8%
1991 29,955 +4.8%
1996 29,365 −2.0%
2001 29,434 +0.2%
2006 31,395 +6.7%
2011 32,321 +2.9%
[7]

The City of Côte-Saint-Luc is a bilingual, multicultural community. Approximately 70 percent of the population speaks English as their home language and approximately 15 percent speak French as their home language with the other 15 percent of the population speaking another language at home. When divided amongst preferred official language of use, English is the preferred language of approximately 80 percent of the population and French 20 percent. The Jewish community makes up the largest religious community in Côte-Saint-Luc with Catholics being second. The city has a substantial Italian community.

Mother tongues[edit]

Statistics for the population according to mother tongue (the first language learned and still remembered) vary significantly from the statistics for home language (the language spoken most often at home), as well as also varying significantly from the statistics for official language usage. The 2006 census found that about 47% of residents had English as a mother tongue (including persons who had more than one mother tongue), while about 17% had French as a mother tongue (also including persons who had more than one mother tongue). The next most common mother tongues were Russian, Yiddish, Hebrew, Romanian, Spanish, Hungarian, Italian, Polish, and Persian.

Mother Tongue Population Percentage
English 13,515 44.66%
French 4,740 15.66%
English and French 325 1.07%
English and a non-official language 295 0.97%
French and a non-official language 135 0.45%
English, French and a non-official language 65 0.21%
Russian 1,645 5.44%
Yiddish 1,290 4.26%
Hebrew 955 3.16%
Romanian 900 2.97%
Spanish 805 2.66%
Hungarian 600 1.98%
Italian 600 1.98%
Polish 550 1.82%
Persian 505 1.67%
Bulgarian 405 1.34%
Mother Tongue Population Percentage
Korean 385 1.27%
Arabic 370 1.22%
Tagalog 345 1.14%
Chinese, n.o.s. 260 0.86%
German 230 0.76%
Portuguese 130 0.43%
Cantonese 125 0.41%
Croatian 80 0.26%
Tamil 75 0.25%
Creole 70 0.23%
Czech 70 0.23%
Dutch 65 0.21%
Greek 55 0.18%
Bengali 50 0.17%
Slovak 50 0.17%
Ukrainian 50 0.17%


Mother Tongue (2011) [8] Population Percentage
English 13,340 42.00%
French 5,565 17.52%
English and French 410 1.29%
Non-official languages 11,590 36.49%


[9]

Famous residents[edit]

Former residents of Côte-Saint-Luc include politician and lawyer Irwin Cotler, actor William Shatner, Irving Layton and trauma surgeon Ernest F. J. Block. Author Gordon Korman grew up in Côte-Saint-Luc. Other residents included CTV News Montreal anchorperson Mutsumi Takahashi, and Montreal Expos all-star catcher Gary Carter. Comedy screenwriter Ricky Blitt and older brother Barry Blitt, a magazine illustrator, were both raised there.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ministère des Affaires Municipales et Régions: Côte Saint-Luc
  2. ^ Parliament of Canada Federal Riding History: MOUNT ROYAL (Quebec)
  3. ^ Chief Electoral Officer of Québec – 40th General Election Riding Results: D'ARCY-McGEE
  4. ^ a b 2006 Statistics Canada Community Profile: Côte Saint-Luc, Quebec
  5. ^ http://www.cotesaintluc.org/DepartmentsAndStaff
  6. ^ http://www.cotesaintluc.org/CouncilAndDistricts
  7. ^ "Profil sociodéographique: Ville de Côte-Saint-Luc" (in French). Ville de Montréal. 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013. 
  8. ^ Census Canada 2011 Cote Saint-Luc Profile
  9. ^ "Côte-Saint-Luc, V". Detailed Mother Tongue (103), Knowledge of Official Languages (5), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data. Statistics Canada. 2007-11-20. Retrieved 2008-02-06. 

External links[edit]