Călărași

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Călărași
County capital
Bucharest Road
Bucharest Road
Coat of arms of Călărași
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Capșa Provinciei
Location of Călărași
Location of Călărași
Coordinates: 44°12′N 27°20′E / 44.200°N 27.333°E / 44.200; 27.333Coordinates: 44°12′N 27°20′E / 44.200°N 27.333°E / 44.200; 27.333
Country  Romania
County Călărași County
Status County capital
Government
 • Mayor Daniel Ștefan Drăgulin (PNL)
Population (2011)
 • Total 65,181
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Twin cities
 • Naples  Italy
 • Rivery  France
 • Royal Palm Beach  United States
 • Hengyang  China
Website http://www.municipiu.ro

Călărași (Romanian pronunciation: [kələˈraʃʲ]), the capital of Călărași County in the Wallachia region, is situated in south-east Romania, on the bank of Danube's Borcea branch, at about 12 kilometres (7 miles) from the Bulgarian border and 125 kilometres (78 miles)from Bucharest.

The city is an industrial centre for lumber and paper, food processing, glass manufacturing, textiles, medical equipment production and heavy industry, the last represented by the Călărași steel works. The city is known colloquially as "Capșa provinciei" (the Capşa from the provinces).[1]

History[edit]

The site of a prehistoric village, called Lichiresti from the time of Michael the Brave. Călărași appeared for the first time in 1700 on a map drawn by Constantin Cantacuzino. It got its name after it was made by the Wallachian princes, in the 17-th century, a station of "mounted couriers' service" on the route from Bucharest to Istanbul. The service was operated by horseback riders (the călărași). It expanded into a small town, and in 1834 became the surrounding county's capital.

Transportation[edit]

Călărași is connected by DN3, DN21, DN31 and DN3B. Also A2 ("The Sun's Motorway") has 3 exits for Călărași, at Lehliu Gară (about 50 km (31 mi) NW), Dragalina (about 30 km (19 mi) N) and Feteşti (about 40 km (25 mi) NE). The city lies on the seventh pan-European corridor of transport(the Danube river) and is next to the fourth pan-European transport corridor(DresdenConstanța) at 26 km (16.16 mi).

Sports[edit]

The city is currently represented by FC Dunărea Călărași in the Romanian Liga III soccer league. Sala Sporturilor (Călăraşi)

Notable natives[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Călărași is twinned with:

Climate[edit]

The climate is continental with a year average temperature of 11.3 °C (52 °F). The lowest temperature ever recorded in Călărași was −30.0 °C (−22 °F) on January 9, 1938 and the highest was41.4 °C (107 °F) on August 10, 1957.

Climate data for Călărași
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 2
(36)
3
(37)
10
(50)
16
(61)
22
(72)
26
(79)
27
(81)
27
(81)
24
(75)
17
(63)
8
(46)
4
(39)
16
(61)
Average low °C (°F) −3
(27)
−2
(28)
1
(34)
6
(43)
11
(52)
15
(59)
16
(61)
15
(59)
12
(54)
6
(43)
1
(34)
−1
(30)
6.5
(43.7)
Source: weatherbase.com[3]

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1900 11,024 —    
1912 12,995 +17.9%
1930 18,053 +38.9%
1948 24,448 +35.4%
1956 25,555 +4.5%
1966 35,684 +39.6%
1977 49,727 +39.4%
1992 76,952 +54.7%
2002 70,039 −9.0%
2011 65,181 −6.9%
Source: Census data

In 2011, Călărași had a population of 65,181, with 95.05% of them declaring themselves as being Romanians and 3.59% Roma. Călărași, together with Silistra, forms a conurbation that numbers almost 175,000 inhabitants. The surrounding communes (Modelu, Ostrov, Roseți, Grădiştea, Cuza-Vodă, and Ştefan Vodă) with Călărași number almost 100,000 inhabitants.

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Romanian) Laura Toma, "Amatorii de Călăraşi", Jurnalul Naţional, July 27, 2005
  2. ^ Vacca, Maria Luisa. "Comune di Napoli -Gemellaggi" [Naples - Twin Towns]. Comune di Napoli (in Italian). Archived from the original on 2013-06-22. Retrieved 2013-08-08. 
  3. ^ "Weatherbase data Călăraşi".