C-602

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C-602
Type anti-ship / air-to-surface / land attack cruise missiles
Place of origin  China (PRC)
Service history
In service prior to 2005 – present
Used by China (PRC)
Pakistan Navy
Myanmar Navy
Production history
Manufacturer China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation
Produced prior to 2005
Specifications
Weight 1.24 ton
Length 6.1 meter
Diameter 0.54 meter
Warhead 300 kg warhead
Detonation
mechanism
Semi-armor piercing

Engine turbojet motor
Wingspan 2.9 meter
Propellant liquid fuel
Operational
range
> 400+ km / 280+ km for export [1]
Flight altitude 7 – 10 meter cruising above sea surface, 30 meter above ground
Speed Mach 0.9+
Guidance
system
ARH / ImIR IR / TV
Launch
platform
Air & surface

The C-602, also known as YJ-62, is a Chinese subsonic anti-ship missile that can also be used as a land attack cruise missile.

C-602 made its public debut in China at the end of 2006 during the 6th Zhuhai Airshow, though the name begun first appear in 2005. The development program itself appears to date back as far back as 1989, under the designation XY-41. In various US sources of the 1990s and early 2000s the missile was also referred to as The Land Attack Silkworm.[2] The missile is reportedly deployed on board the Type 052C destroyer. The subsonic missile has a designation of YJ-62, with YJ short for Ying Ji (Yingji, 鹰击), meaning Eagle Strike. In addition to anti-shipping capability, the missile is also capable of land attack. The missile has a maximum range in excess of 400 kilometres (250 mi),[1] though the exact number is uncertain, but for the export version, the maximum range is reduced to 280 kilometres (170 mi) to meet the international arms trade regulation which limits the maximum range below 300 kilometres (190 mi). The maximum speed of the missile is greater than Mach 0.9 but this speed is greatly reduced over the rugged terrain when used for land-attack missions. The missile can be launched in Sea State 6 environment. The cruising altitude over the ground can be as low as 30 metres (98 ft) while the cruising altitude over the sea can be as low as 10 metres (33 ft). During the terminal attack phase against ships, the altitude is further decreased to 7 metres (23 ft) above sea level. The missile is propelled by a turbojet engine with a solid fuel rocket booster weighing around 200 kilograms (440 lb).

The missile is equipped with a “mono-pulse frequency agile (active) radar seeker” with a maximum detection range in excess of 40 kilometres (25 mi) and a maximum lock-on range of 30 kilometres (19 mi). The sector of the scan of the seeker is ± 40 degrees. For the midcourse flight, inertial guidance is used with the help of strap-down inertial measurement unit (IMU) and GPS for the export version, while domestic version also incorporated GLONASS and domestic navigational systems. A variety of warhead could be adopted, and the fuse for the anti-ship version is “delayed electro-mechanical contact fuse”. The mid-body wings which deploy following launch. The engine inlet is mounted slightly forward of the cruciform tail fins. The missile has incorporated the capability similar to the Boeing Harpoon, so that it could abandon the original target and switch to more threatening ones should such threat arise, but it is not clear whether this capability in built-in like the Boeing Harpoon or achieved via data link, or a combination of both. A new version of the missile with turbofan engine has already being completed and the submarine and air-launched version (tested on a version of Xian H-6) are also reported to be under development. However, such reports have yet to be confirmed because many domestic Chinese sources have disputed the missile in the photo by claiming it might have been a cruise missile instead. The missile was authorized for export by the Chinese government in 2005.

Specification:

  • Length: 6.1 metres (20 ft)
  • Diameter: 0.54 metres (1 ft 9 in)
  • Weight: 1.24 tonnes (1.22 long tons; 1.37 short tons) (including the 110 kilograms (240 lb) booster)
  • Warhead: 300 kilograms (660 lb)
  • Minimum speed: Mach 0.6
  • Maximum speed: Mach 0.9+
  • Cruising altitude over sea: 7–10 metres (23–33 ft)
  • Cruising altitude over ground: 30 metres (98 ft)
  • Maximum range: > 400 kilometres (250 mi), 280 kilometres (170 mi) for export version[1]
  • Minimum range: 40 to 60 kilometres (25 to 37 mi), depending on the type and size of the target
  • Engine: turbojet with solid rocket booster
  • Guidance: inertial + active radar
  • Maximum target speed: 30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph)
  • Developer: China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation

CM-602G[edit]

At the 9th Zhuhai Airshow held in November 2012, a new member of C-602 series designated as CM-602G made its public debut.[3][4] CM-602G is a dedicated land attack cruise missile with range of 290 km to comply with the export restriction imposed by Missile Technology Control Regime, and armed with a 480 kg warhead.[5] One of the major improvement of CM-602G over earlier models of the series is that a data link is added so that the operator can change to target after the launch,[6] though the fire-and-forget option is still available. CM-602G can also be programmed to have a pops up mode to flyover ground obstacles up to 800 meters and thus shorting the reaction time for enemy to defend the intended target.[7] CM-602G is designed to attack land targets within 25 km of the shoreline.

Operators[edit]

[8]

References[edit]

See also[edit]