Carl Brockelmann (1868–1956), German Semiticist, was the foremost orientalist of his generation. He was a professor at the universities in Breslau, Berlin and, from 1903, Königsberg. He is best known for his multi-volume Geschichte der arabischen Litteratur (1898–1902) (History of Arabic literature) which included all writers in Arabic to 1937, and remains the fundamental reference volume for all Arabic literature, apart from the Christian Arabic texts (covered by Georg Graf).
He also published Syrische Grammatik mit Litteratur, Chrestomathie und Glossar (1899), Semitische Sprachwissenschaft (1906), Lexicon syriacum (1928), and Arabische Grammatik (under his own name 1941, but this was the 11th edition of the grammar of Albert Socin, previously revised by Brockelmann several times).
- 1895: Lexicon Syriacum. Berlin: Reuther & Reichard; Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark. [1995 edition: ISBN 3-487-01181-6]
- 1908-1913: Grundriss der vergleichenden Grammatik der semitischen Sprachen. 2 vols. Berlin: Reuther and Reichard.
- 1950: Abessinsche Studien. Berlin: Akademie Verlag.