C. D. Howe Institute

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The C.D. Howe Institute
CDHI Logo
Motto Essential Policy Intelligence
Formation 1958
Type Public policy think tank
Headquarters 67 Yonge Street, Toronto, Ontario
Key people William B.P. Robson[1]
President & Chief Executive Officer
Website www.cdhowe.org

The C.D. Howe Institute (French: Institut C.D. Howe) is a nonprofit policy research organization[2] located at 67 Yonge Street in downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

The Institute publishes research that is national in scope and it hosts events across Canada on a wide variety of issues in economic and social policy. As a non-profit, politically independent organization, its official mandate is to improve the standard of living for Canadians through sound public policy solutions.[3]

Rated the number one domestic economic think tank in Canada,[4] the Institute has won five Doug Purvis Prizes, which are awarded annually to the authors of highly significant Canadian economic policy,[5] and one Donner Prize (runner-up three times), which are awarded annually for the Best Public Policy Book by a Canadian.[6]

History[edit]

The C.D. Howe Institute’s origins go back to Montreal in 1958 when a group of prominent business and labour leaders organized the Private Planning Association of Canada (PPAC) to research and promote educational activities on issues related to public economic policy. In 1973, the PPAC’s assets and activities became part of the C.D. Howe Memorial Foundation, created in 1961 to memorialize the late Right Honourable Clarence Decatur Howe. The new organization operated as the C.D. Howe Research Institute until 1982, when the Memorial Foundation chose to focus directly on memorializing C.D. Howe; the Institute then adopted its current name: the C.D. Howe Institute.[7]

Funding[edit]

The institute derives the majority of its funding from membership fees paid by corporations as well as individuals in the business, professional and academic fields.[8]

Research[edit]

The C.D. Howe Institute's national offices at 67 Yonge Street, Toronto.
The C.D. Howe Institute’s groundbreaking study of immigration policy reform entitled “Toward Improving Canada’s Skilled Immigration Policy: An Evaluation Approach,” by Charles M. Beach, Alan G. Green and Christopher Worswick won the 2012 Doug Purvis Memorial Prize.

The Institute publishes over 50 research reports per year.[9]

Major areas of policy research are:

  • Fiscal and Tax Policy[10]
  • Monetary Policy[11]
  • Social policy[12]
  • Governance and Public Institutions[13]
  • Trade and International Policy[14]
  • Economic Growth and Innovation[15]

Current policy topics are:

  • Energy, Infrastructure and Environment[16]
  • Healthcare Reform[17]
  • Human Capital and Competitiveness[18]
  • Strengthening Canada’s Charities[19]
  • Financial Services[20]
  • Pensions[21]

Peer Review Process[edit]

Every major policy study receives thorough peer review, which includes the participation of academics and outside, independent experts. The Institute’s peer review process helps ensure the quality, integrity and objectivity of the Institute’s research. The Institute will not publish any major study that, in its view, fails to meet the standards of the external review process. The Institute requires that its authors publicly disclose any actual or potential conflicts of interest of which they are aware.[22]

Researchers[edit]

Over 100 economists and academics contribute to the research program.

Notable Researchers

Events[edit]

Former Bank of Canada Governors John Crow, Gordon Thiessen and David Dodge standing alongside William Robson, President and CEO of the C.D. Howe Institute, and Ross Hornby, former Canadian Ambassador to the European Union.
Prime Minister Stephen Harper participates in a public policy roundtable at the C.D. Howe Institute.
Former Prime Minister of Canada, Paul Martin, standing with former Chairman of the C.D. Howe Institute, William Morneau.

The Institute hosts public policy roundtables and conferences featuring prominent Canadian and International policymakers, business leaders and public servants. The Institute holds over 50 events per year.[23]

Past speakers include:[24]

  • Craig Alexander, Senior Vice President & Chief Economist, TD Bank Group
  • The Hon. David Alward, Premier of New Brunswick
  • The Hon. Rona Ambrose, Minister of Health, Health Canada
  • John Crow, Former Governor of the Bank of Canada
  • David A. Dodge, Former Governor of the Bank of Canada
  • Don Drummond (economist), former Chief Economist, TD Bank
  • Charles L. Evans, President & CEO, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago
  • Vicente Fox, Former President of Mexico
  • Richard W. Fisher, President and CEO, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas
  • The Right Hon. Stephen Harper, Prime Minister of Canada
  • Michael Horgan, Former Deputy Minister, Finance Canada
  • Andrea Horwath, Leader, Ontario NDP
  • David Jacobson (diplomat), Former U.S. Ambassador to Canada
  • Simon Kennedy, Deputy Minister of Int’l Trade, Dept. of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development
  • Andrew Kriegler, Deputy Superintendent, Supervision Sector, OSFI
  • The Right Hon. Paul Martin, Former Prime Minister of Canada
  • Al Monaco, President and CEO, Enbridge
  • Naheed Nenshi, Mayor of Calgary
  • Alice Rivlin, Senior Fellow, Brookings Institute
  • Jeffrey Simpson, National Affairs Columnist, The Globe and Mail
  • Wayne Smith, Chief Statistician of Canada, Statistics Canada
  • The Hon. Kevin Sorenson, Minister of State (Finance)
  • Janice Stein, Director, The Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto
  • Kathleen Taylor, Chair of the Board, Royal Bank of Canada
  • Peter Tertzakian, Chief Energy Economist & Managing Director at ARC Financial Corporation
  • Gordon Thiessen, Former Governor of the Bank of Canada
  • Sudhir Vyas, Secretary (West), Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India
  • Wayne Wouters, Former Clerk of the Privy Council and Secretary to the Cabinet
  • Philippe Zeller, Ambassador of France to Canada
Members of the Institute attend the 2012 Benefactors Lecture, featuring Charles Evans, President and CEO of the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.

Policy Impact[edit]

For more than five decades, the Institute has had considerable impact on Canadian public policy.

Institute policy work has laid the intellectual groundwork in such areas as:

  • The development of free trade;
  • The development of rigorous inflation targets and related monetary policy;
  • The reform of the Canada and Quebec Pension Plans;
  • Lower corporate tax rates;[25]
  • The development of the Tax-Free Savings Account (TFSA).

Commentary on the Institute[edit]

“The C.D. Howe Institute’s work is invaluable to the nation.” — The Right Honourable Stephen Harper, Prime Minister of Canada

“Regardless of whether one agrees with the thrust of a C.D. Howe Institute study, its impact on policy debates is undeniable.” — The Right Honorable Paul Martin, Former Prime Minister of Canada.

“Since its founding in 1958, the C.D. Howe Institute has been active in economic and social policy issues across Canada. By providing publications and forums for debate, your organization has promoted economic policies of concern to a number of citizens across the country.” — Gary Doer, Canadian Ambassador to the US and Former Premier of Manitoba

“The Department of Finance and the C.D. Howe Institute have a long history of interaction...we appreciate the topical relevance and analytical quality of the Institute’s policy research, which promotes active dialogue among Canadians on key policy issues.” — Michael Horgan, Former Deputy Minister, Finance Canada

“As Canadians, we value the freedom to engage in lively and spirited debate on issues of importance to our country. We understand that a diversity of well-formed opinions makes us stronger. Since its inception in 1958, the C.D. Howe Institute has brought a unique perspective to public policy issues.” — Shawn Graham, Former Premier of New Brunswick

“The C.D Howe Institute has a longstanding tradition of improving the standard of living for Canadians from coast to coast by fostering sound economic and social policy. Numerous businesses, labour groups, policymakers and the general public have benefited from your research data that is conducted by leading experts in their respective fields.” — Robert Ghiz, Premier of PEI

“More than any other think thank, the C.D. Howe Institute commands attention.” — National Post[26]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "William B.P. Robson. President and Chief Executive Officer". Cdhowe.org. Retrieved 2011-06-30. 
  2. ^ "C.D. Howe Institute". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 14 September 2014. 
  3. ^ "About the C.D. Howe Institute". cdhowe.org. Retrieved 2012-07-29. 
  4. ^ McGann, James. "2013 GLOBAL GO TO THINK TANK INDEX REPORT". http://gotothinktank.com/. University of Pennsylvania. Retrieved 28 August 2014. 
  5. ^ "Past Winners". The Donner Prize. 
  6. ^ "The Donner Prize". Retrieved 28 August 2014. 
  7. ^ "History". C.D. Howe Institute. 
  8. ^ "C.D. Howe Institute". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 14 September 2014. 
  9. ^ "C.D. Howe Institute 2013 Annual Report". www.cdhowe.org. Retrieved 28 August 2014. 
  10. ^ http://www.cdhowe.org/fiscal-policy.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  11. ^ http://www.cdhowe.org/policy-research/monetary-policy.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  12. ^ http://www.cdhowe.org/social-policy.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  13. ^ http://www.cdhowe.org/governance.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  14. ^ http://www.cdhowe.org/policy-research/trade-and-international-policy.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  15. ^ http://www.cdhowe.org/economic-growth-innovation.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  16. ^ http://www.cdhowe.org/policy-research/energy-infrastructure.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  17. ^ http://www.cdhowe.org/policy-research/healthcare-reform.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  18. ^ http://www.cdhowe.org/policy-research/human-capital-competitiveness.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  19. ^ http://www.cdhowe.org/policy-research/strengthening-canadas-charities.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  20. ^ http://www.cdhowe.org/policy-research/financial-services.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  21. ^ http://www.cdhowe.org/policy-research/pensions-2.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  22. ^ http://www.cdhowe.org/expert-review
  23. ^ "C.D. Howe Institute 2013 Annual Report". www.cdhowe.org. Retrieved 28 August 2014. 
  24. ^ "Past Speakers and Events". www.cdhowe.org. C.D. Howe Institute. Retrieved 28 August 2014. 
  25. ^ "C.D. Howe Institute Commentary - 2007 Tax Competitiveness Report". The C.D. Howe Institute. Retrieved 20 September 2014. 
  26. ^ "Policy Impact". C.D. Howe Institute. Retrieved 28 August 2014. 

External links[edit]