C. F. D. Moule
|C. F. D. Moule|
3 December 1908|
|Died||30 September 2007
|Doctoral students||James D.G. Dunn|
Charles Francis Digby Moule CBE FBA (3 December 1908 – 30 September 2007), known to his friends as Charlie but professionally by his initials C. F. D. Moule, was an Anglican priest and theologian. He was a leading scholar of the New Testament, and was Lady Margaret's Professor of Divinity at the University of Cambridge for 25 years, from 1951 to 1976.
Moule was born in China, in Hangchow (now Hangzhou) near Shanghai, where his father, Rev. H.W. Moule, and mother were missionaries. He was their third son. His family were Anglican clerics from Dorset. His paternal grandfather George Evans Moule was bishop of mid-China, and his great-uncle, Handley Moule, was the first Principal at Ridley Hall and later Bishop of Durham. His family returned to England after the First World War.
He was educated at Weymouth College in Dorset, and won a scholarship to read classics at Emmanuel College, Cambridge, taking Firsts in both parts and winning the Jeremie Septuagint prize, the Evans prize, and the Crosse scholarship. He studied theology at Ridley Hall, and was ordained as a deacon in 1933 and as a priest in 1934.
He served as curate at St Mark's Church, Cambridge from 1933 to 1934, during which time he was also a tutor at Ridley Hall in Cambridge. He moved to Rugby in 1934, became curate of St Andrew's Church, Rugby, before moving back to Cambridge in 1936 to become curate at Great St Mary's, Cambridge, the University Church of the University of Cambridge, where he remained until 1940. He was also Vice-Principal of Ridley Hall from 1936 to 1944.
He became a Fellow at Clare College, Cambridge in 1944, serving as Dean from 1944 to 1951. He remained a Fellow at Clare until his death, and was secretary of the Clare Association for many years. He was also a Faculty Assistant Lecturer in divinity at Cambridge University from 1944 to 1947, and a University Lecturer from 1947 to 1951, when he was appointed Lady Margaret's Professor of Divinity in 1951. Founded as a readership by Lady Margaret Beaufort in 1502, it is the oldest chair in the University of Cambridge, and is traditionally held by a New Testament scholar. He was also a non-residentiary Canon Theologian at Leicester Cathedral from 1955 to 1976, and became a Fellow of the British Academy in 1966. He was a President of the Studiorum Novi Testamenti Societas in 1967, and became an honorary Fellow at Emmanuel in 1972. He delivered the Ethel M Wood lecture in 1964, on "Man and Nature in the New Testament".
He produced two main written works: The Birth of the New Testament, first published in 1962, which explores the context in which the New Testament was written, and The Origin of Christology, published in 1977, which proposed that the church's understanding of Jesus had not evolved but rather developed and matured over the centuries. He also contributed to the translations of the Apocrypha and New Testament in the New English Bible, although he preferred the Revised Version. His other published works include An Idiom Book of New Testament Greek (1953, 2nd ed. 1959), The Epistles to the Colossians and to Philemon (1957), The Phenomenon of the New Testament (1967), The Holy Spirit (1978), and Essays in New Testament Interpretation (1982) and Forgiveness and Reconciliation, and other New Testament Themes (1998).
He influenced many students who now hold chairs of divinity – including his successor as Lady Margaret's Professor, Graham Stanton – or who rose high within the Anglican hierarchy, including future Archbishop of Canterbury Rowan Williams (Moule officiated at his wedding) and Archbishop of York John Sentamu. A humble, prayerful man, of slim build and small stature, he held a profound faith. A friend, Joachim Jeremias, said, "In him could be seen no trace of original sin." Like his great-uncle, he became known affectionately as "Holy Mouley".
He was a leading advocate for the Ridley Hall in the early 1970s, when it was threatened with closure. He retired in 1976, and lived at Ridley Hall until 1980, acting as New Testament tutor. He moved to Pevensey in Sussex in 1981, close to his friend, Bishop Stanley Betts. He continued to preach into his 90s.
He became an honorary Doctorate of Divinity at St Andrew's University in 1958, and won the British Academy's Burkitt Medal for Biblical Studies in 1970. He was appointed CBE in 1985 for his services to New Testament studies, and became an honorary Doctor of Divinity at Cambridge in 1988, in celebration of his 80th birthday.
He moved to a nursing home in Dorset in 2003, to be near his family. He died in Leigh, in Dorset, aged 98. He never married.
- Obituary, The Independent, 2 October 2007
- Obituary, The Daily Telegraph, 2 October 2007
- Obituary, The Times, 5 October 2007
- Obituary, The Guardian, 24 October 2007
- Robert Morgan and Patrick Moule (еds), Christ Alive and at Large: Unpublished writings of C. F. D. Moule (Norwich, Canterbury Press, 2010).