Caspar René Gregory

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from C. R. Gregory)
Jump to: navigation, search
Caspar René Gregory
CRG.JPG
Born November 6, 1846
Philadelphia
Died April 9, 1917
near Neufchâtel-sur-Aisne
Nationality American-German
Fields Theology
Institutions University of Leipzig
Known for Textkritik des neuen Testamentes

Caspar René Gregory (November 6, 1846–April 9, 1917) was an American-born German theologian.

Life[edit]

Gregory was born in Philadelphia.[citation needed] He studied theology at two Presbyterian seminaries: in 1865-67 at the University of Pennsylvania and at Princeton Theological Seminary (1867–73). In 1873, he decided to continue his studies at the University of Leipzig under Constantin von Tischendorf, to whose work on textual criticism of the New Testament he had been referred by his teacher, Ezra Abbot. He administered the scientific legacy of Tischendorf, who died in 1874, and continued his work.

In 1876, he obtained his PhD. with a dissertation on Grégoire the priest and the revolutionist. The first examiner for it was the historian, Georg Voigt.[1]

He completed his post-doctoral work in Leipzig in 1884, and became an associate professor in 1889 and a full honorary professor in 1891. He apparently had several doctorates: Karl Josef Friedrich (p. 130) even mentions five doctorates in his biography of Gregory. At least one doctorate in theology obtained in Leipzig in 1889 is attested.[citation needed] In June 1901, he received an honorary doctorate of Divinity from the University of Glasgow.[2]

In August 1914, Gregory, who had been a citizen of Saxony since 1881, enlisted in the German Army as its the oldest wartime volunteer.[citation needed] He became a second lieutenant in 1916 and fell in 1917 on the western front. He died on April 9, 1917 in a field hospital in Neufchâtel-sur-Aisne, France.[citation needed]

Gregory specialized in New Testament textual criticism. He organized biblical manuscripts into a classification system (Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testaments, 1908) which is the system in use throughout the scholarly world today.[citation needed] He is also credited with being the first to notice the consistent medieval practice (called Gregory's Law or Gregory's Rule) of collating parchment leaves so that grain side faced grain side and flesh side flesh side.[3] He was also interested in biblical canon.

Gregory performed important service in the research of New Testament manuscripts and in textual criticism of the New Testament. It can even be said that the study of New Testament manuscripts was co-founded by Tischendorf and Gregory.[citation needed]

Besides his work, he is remembered by a memorial stone with a portrait in relief in Leipzig on Naunhofer Straße in front of the new Nickolai School in the Stötteritz part of the city, as well as a small square nearby.[citation needed]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Todte, Mario: Georg Voigt (1827-1891). Pionier der historischen Humanismusforschung, Leipzig 2004, p. 111 ISBN 3937209220
  2. ^ "Glasgow University jubilee" The Times (London). Friday, 14 June 1901. (36481), p. 10.
  3. ^ Avrin, Leila (1991). Scribes, script, and books: the book arts from antiquity to the Renaissance. Chicago; London: American Library Association; The British Library. p. 213. ISBN 978-0-8389-0522-7. 

Works[edit]

  • Prolegomena zu Tischendorfs Novum Testamentum Graece (editio VIII. critica major), 2 Vols., 1884-94 (German revised edition: text criticism of the NT, 3 Vols., 1900–09).
  • Gregory, C. R. (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments (in German) 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs’sche Buchhandlung. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  • Gregory, C. R. (1907). Canon and Text of the New Testament. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. Retrieved 2011-08-03. 
  • Das Freer-Logion (Hinrichs: Leipzig 1908)
  • Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testaments, Leipzig 1908.
  • Einleitung in das Neue Testament, 1909
  • Vorschläge für eine kritische Ausgabe des griechischen Neuen Testaments, 1911.
  • Die Koridethi-Evangelien, 1913.
  • Zu Fuß in Bibellanden, publ. by Hermann Guthe, 1919.
journal articles

Literature[edit]

  • Ernst Barnikol (1966), "Gregory, Caspar René", Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB) (in German) (Berlin: Duncker & Humblot) 7: 27–29 
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Bautz (1990). "Caspar René Gregory". In Bautz, Friedrich Wilhelm. Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL) (in German) 2. Hamm: Bautz. col. 344. ISBN 3-88309-032-8. 
  • Karl Josef Friedrich: Caspar Rene Gregory, in: Sächsische Lebensbilder, Vol. I, Dresden 1930, p. 125-131. (German)
  • Ernst Jünger (Publ.): Caspar René Gregory, in: Die Unvergessenen. München 1928, p. 111ff. (German)
  • Bruno Hartung: Caspar René Gregory, in: Das Jahr des Herrn: Kalender für die evangelischen Gemeinden Leipzigs 5. Jg. (1929), S. 36-38.

External links[edit]


This article incorporates information from this version of the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.