C. Ramchandra

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C. Ramchandra
Birth name Ramchandra Narhar Chitalkar
Born 12 January 1918
Puntamba, Ahmednagar district, Maharashtra, India
Died Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Genres Film score
Occupations Composer, Producer

Ramchandra Narhar Chitalkar (Marathi: रामचंद्र नरहर चितळकर /सी.रामचंद्र ) (12 January 1918 – 5 January 1982) was a renowned music composer in the movie industry of India. In the composer's role, he mostly used the name C. Ramachandra, though he also used the names Annasaheb (in the movies Bahadur Pratap, Matwale, and Madadgaar), Ram Chitalkar (in the movies Sukhi Jeevan, Badla, Mr. Jhatpat, Bahadur, and Dosti), and Shyamoo (in the movie Yeh hai duniya). Further, he often sang and acted in Marathi movies under the name R. N. Chitalkar. For his career as an occasional playback singer he used only his surname Chitalkar. Chitalkar sang some renowned and unforgettable duets with Lata such as Kitna haseen hai mausam in film Azad or Shola Jo bhadke in Albela.

Biography[edit]

Ramachandra was born on 12 January 1918 in Puntamba, a small town in Ahmednagar district in Maharashtra, India. He studied music under Vinayakbua Patwardhan at "Gandharva Mahavidyalaya" and also under Shankarrao Sapre of Nagpur where he studied music alongside Vasantrao Deshpande. He joined the movie industry playing the lead role in Y. V. Rao's movie, Naganand. He also had some small roles at Minerva Movietone in the movies Saeed-e-Havas and Atma Tarang.

Ramachandra provided harmonium accompaniment for Minerva composers Bindu Khan and Habib Khan. He debuted as music director in Tamil movies with Jayakkodi and Vana Mohini. He received public notice as a good composer in Bhagwan Dada's "Sukhi Jeevan", and established a long association that culminated with the musical box office hit "Albela".

Influenced by Benny Goodman, Ramachandra introduced in his compositions the alto sax in combination with guitar and harmonica. He also included whistling in one of his famous songs, Aana meri jaan Sunday ke Sunday in film Shehnai. He used a combination of a bongo, an oboe, a trumpet, a clarinet and a sax for the song Shola Jo Bhadke in film Albela. He sang the title song "Shin Shinaki Boobla Boo" with Lata Mangeshkar, which included rock rhythms. He provided the musical score for the scat song "Ina mina dika" in "Aasha".

Perhaps C. Ramachandra's biggest success as a music composer was the 1953 movie Anarkali starring Beena Roy in the title role and Pradeep Kumar. The songs that he composed for this movie are today legendary. Songs of this movie like "Yeh Zindagi usiki hai", "Mujhse mat pooch mere ishq main kya rakha hai", "Mohabbat aise dhadkan hain", "Jaag dard-e-ishq jaag" etc.. went on to become huge hits and were also highly acclaimed as masterpieces. Anarkali also perhaps saw the famed composer-singer combine of Ramachandra and Lata Mangeshkar at their best ever together. A film critic in London who watched the movie is said to have remarked that the heroine sang like an angel without knowing that the angel was actually Lata giving playback for the actress. Similarly, C. Ramchandra's compositions in V. Shantaram's 'Navrang' (Adha hai chandramana, raat aadhi, Tu chhupi hai kahan, Shyamal shyam varan, Are ja re hat natkhat) and V. Shantaram's 'Stree' (O' nirdayi priyatam, aaj mad-hava sath dole) were also quite popular and are still remembered.

The highly popular patriotic song "Aye Mere Watan Ke Logo", which was sung by Lata Mangeshkar and penned by poet Pradeep, was a composition of Ramachandra, it was later performed live, by Lata Mangeshkar, in the presence of Jawaharlal Nehru at the Ramlila grounds, in New Delhi on Republic Day, 26 January 1963. It is said Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru became so sentimental about his mistakes he did during the war period, that tears rolled down his cheeks.[1] On 27 Jan 2014 Lata Mangeshkar was felicitated by Shri Narendera Modi CM of Gujarat State at Mumbai to commemorate 51st Anniversary of thgis song. Lata once again sang this patriatic song on staze in front of thousands of her fans. Live TV Coverage on NDTV 24X7 & CNN IBN Ch.

Ramachandra similarly provided a memorable musical score accompanying a competition between two dancers whose roles were played by Padmini and Vyjayanthimala for the song Kannum Kannum Kalanthu lyrics penned by Kothamangalam Subbu, sung by P. Leela and Jikki in the Tamil movie Vanjikottai Valiban. He remade the song in Hindi as "Aaja To Aaja" from Raj Tilak written by P. L. Santoshi where Asha Bhosle and Sudha Malhotra rendered their voice.

Ramachandra provided music compositions for a few Marathi, Telugu, Tamil, and Bhojpuri movies besides Hindi movies. In 1953, he also produced with "New Sai Productions" three Hindi movies: "Jhanjhar", "Lehren", "Duniya Gol Hai".

In the late 1960s, Ramachandra produced two Marathi movies, "Dhananjay" and "Gharkul". He also acted in them and composed music for them. C. Ramchandra died of acute peptic ulcer on 5 January 1982 at Breach Candy Hospital, Mumbai.

Ramchandra wrote his autobiography in Marathi in 1977.

Mumbai based troupe Musicolor, which is promoting vintage music, presented an exclusive tribute programmes featuring the gems of C Ramchandra at Dinanath Mangeshkar auditorium on 22 January 2010.

Compositions[edit]

The following is a short list of some of Ramachandra's best compositions:

  • Yeh zindagi usi ki hai jo kisi ka ko gaya (Anarkali)
  • Dheere se aa ja re akhiyan mein (Albela)
  • Katatay hain dukh mein ye din (Parchhaain)
  • Tum kya jaano, tumhari yaad mein (Shin Shinaki Bubala Boo)
  • Aankhon mein sama jao is dil mein raha karana (Yasmin)
  • Kitna haseen hai mausam (Azaad)
  • Koi kisi ka deewaana na bane (Sargam)
  • Jaag dard-e-ishq jaag (Anarkali)
  • Mehfil mein jal uthi shama (Nirala)
  • Aye pyar teri duniya se hum (Jhanjar)
  • Wafaaon ka majboor daman bichha kar dua kar gume dil khuda se dua kar (Anarkali)
  • Muhobbat aisi dhadkan hai jo samjhayi nahi jati (Anarkali)
  • Main jagu sari rain (Bahu Rani)
  • Ab woh raate kahan ab woh baate kahan (Yasmin)
  • Kannum Kannum Kalanthu (Vanjikottai Valiban) (Tamil film)
  • Jo mujhe bhula ke chale gaye (Sangeeta)
  • Mujh se mat poochh mere ishq mein kya rakha hai (Anarkali)
  • Dekho ji bahar aayi (Azad)
  • Jo dil ko jalaye sataye dukhaye aisi muhobbat se hum baaz aaye (Nirala)
  • Mujh pe ilzaam-e-bewafaai hai (Yasmin)
  • Aye chand pyar mera tujh se ye kah raha hai (Khazana)
  • Muhobbat mein aise zamane bhi aaye (Sagaai)
  • Aa ja ab to aa ja (Anarkali)
  • Tere dar se khushi mangi magar gum de diya tu ne (Hungama)
  • Tere phoolon se bhi pyar (Nastik)
  • Kali kali ratiyan yaad sataye (Ghungaroo)
  • O nirdayi pritam (Stree)
  • Balma bada nadan (Albela)
  • Dil se bhula do tum humen (Patanga)
  • Kaghaz ki thi woh nao jis main ham jarahe the (Zaban)
  • Dil ki duniya basa ke sawariyan (Amardeep)

Filmography[edit]

Movies for which Ramachandra provided musical scores are listed below in alphabetical order:

  1. Aanchal
  2. Aazad
  3. Ahinsa
  4. Albela
  5. Amar Rahe Ye Pyar
  6. Amardeep
  7. Anarkali
  8. Asha
  9. Baarish
  10. Bachchon Ka Khel
  11. Badla
  12. Bahadur
  13. Bahadur Pratap
  14. Bahu Rani
  15. Balram Shri Krishna
  16. Bhakt Raaj
  17. Chhatrapati Shivaji
  18. Daal Me Kaala
  19. Devta
  20. Dil Ki Baat
  21. Dosti
  22. Duniya
  23. Duniya Gol Hai
  24. Ghungroo
  25. Girls School
  26. Hanso Hanso Ae Duniya Walo
  27. Hum Diwane [as Annasahib]
  28. Hungama
  29. Insaniyat
  30. Jhaanjhar
  31. Jhamela
  32. Jitne Door Utne Paas
  33. Kaarigar
  34. Kavi
  35. Khazana
  36. Khidki
  37. Labelaa
  38. Lahren
  39. Lalkaar
  40. Leela
  41. Lutera
  42. Madadgaar
  43. Madam Zapazta
  44. Manorama
  45. Matwaale
  46. Meenar
  47. Mera Munna
  48. Mr. Jhatpat
  49. Muskurahat
  50. Naastik
  51. Nadiya Ke Paar (1948)
  52. Naghma-e-Sehra
  53. Namoona
  54. Naushervan-e-Dil
  55. Navrang
  56. Nazrana
  57. Nirala
  58. Paayal Ki Jhankar
  59. Paigham
  60. Parchhain
  61. Patangaa
  62. Pehli Jhalak
  63. Raj Tilak
  64. Raunaq
  65. Rootha Na Karo
  66. Roshni
  67. Saajan
  68. Saanwaria
  69. Saaqi
  70. Saavdhan
  71. Saawan
  72. Safar
  73. Sagaai
  74. Samadhi
  75. Samrat Chandragupt
  76. Sangeeta
  77. Sangraam
  78. Sargam
  79. Sarhad
  80. Saudagar
  81. Shabistaan
  82. Shadi Se Pehle
  83. Shagoofa
  84. Sharda
  85. Shatranj
  86. Shehnai
  87. Sher Dil
  88. Shin Shinaki Bublaa Boo
  89. Siphaiya
  90. Stree
  91. Subah Ka Tara
  92. Sukhi Jivan
  93. Talaaq
  94. Talaash
  95. Tasveer
  96. Teerandaaz
  97. Toofani Takkar
  98. Tulsi Vivaah
  99. Ustaad Pedro
  100. Veer Bhimsen
  101. Wahaan Ke Log
  102. Yasmeen
  103. Zabaan
  104. Zindagi Aur Maut

References[edit]

External links[edit]