Center for Research and Restoration of Museums of France
The Centre for Research and Restoration of the Museums of France (C2RMFCentre de recherche et de restauration des musées de France ) is the national research centre in France responsible for the documentation, conservation and restoration of the items held in the collections of more than 1,200 museums across France. C2RMF also carries out extensive scientific studies and data recording for these collections, and is active both nationally and internationally in the field of cultural heritage conservation and analysis. The C2RMF is involved in the development of technologies and scientific procedures employed in the preservation of art works and artefacts, both on its own and in partnership with other museums and research institutions across the globe.
The centre was established in 1998 by an arrêté (administrative decision) issued by Catherine Trautmann, the then Minister of Culture and Communications, which was gazetted in the Journal Officiel on December 30. It was created by merging the functions and facilities of two other research bodies, the Laboratoire de recherche des musées de France (LRMF, Research Laboratory of the Museums of France) and the Service de restauration des musées de France (SRMF, Restoration Service of the Museums of France) and it is organized in 4 departments. Today the center is affiliated to the CNRS with the label UMR-171.
In 2005 Mme. Christiane Naffah was appointed director of the centre by the French Minister of Culture and Communications Renaud Donnedieu de Vabres, replacing Jean-Pierre Mohen. Naffah had been a curator in France's national museums since 1977, and prior to her appointment had held positions at the Louvre, Musée du Quai Branly and had been director of the Musée de l’institut du monde arabe. The actual director is Mme. Marie Lavandier.
Since the early 1930s, over 174,000 paintings and 34,000 objects have been individually studied or restored by the C2RMF, and its predecessor organisations LRMF and SRMF.
The C2RMF’s key activities focus on the study of works of art at both a national and regional level. It undertakes investigations prior to any acquisition. Equipped with world-class experimental facilities that are constantly being improved, the C2RMF focuses its research on several key areas: the physical and chemical characteristics of materials, the ageing of materials, database management, image analysis, digitisation and 3D modelling. The C2RMF is one of the most experienced centres in the world in the use of scientific techniques on art works. They have an unparalleled knowledge and experience of the current state-of-the-art in the practical capture of 3D data from many different types of artefact. The latest research has concerned the multispectral imaging of paintings, ontologies and the semantic web and the 3D modelling of objects and paintings. Furthermore, it has achieved significant results with an Open Source database management system that provides multilingual access (17 languages) to specialised vocabularies for the cultural museum sector and a semantic interface to browse the results.
- Pillay et al. (2007)
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- Colantoni et al. (2007)
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- Naffah, Christiane (2007). "Science applied to museum collections" (PDF of conference presentation). The Protection of Cultural Heritage from Air Pollution: The need for effective local policy, maintenance and conservation strategies. 2nd joint workshop (Paris-Louvre: 15–16 March 2007). Stockholm: EU Project CULT-STRAT and ICP Materials Task Force of the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution. EU contract no. SSPI-CT-2004-501609. Retrieved 2008-04-23.
- Pillay, Ruven; Geneviève Aitken, Denis Pitzalis, and Christian Lahanier (2007). J. Trant and D. Bearman (eds.), ed. "Archive Visualization and Exploitation at the C2RMF". International Cultural Heritage Informatics Meeting (ICHIM07): Proceedings. Toronto: Archives & Museum Informatics. OCLC 153578634. Retrieved 2008-04-22.
- Pitzalis, Denis; Christian Lahanier, Geneviève Aitken, Ruven Pillay, Karina Rodriguez-Echavarria, and David B. Arnold (2007). José Braz, Pere-Pau Vàzquez and Joao Madeiras Pereira (eds.), ed. "3D techniques to create interactive virtual museums: The state of the art in the epoch noe". GRAPP 2007, Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Computer Graphics Theory and Applications. Barcelona: INSTICC - Institute for Systems and Technologies of Information, Control and Communication.
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- Centre de recherche et de restauration des musées de France, C2RMF official website (French)
- C2RMF, NTI Department , C2RMF digital imaging technologies (French)