The C9 League is an alliance of top nine renowned universities in Mainland China.
The nine universities account for 3% of the country's researchers but receive 10% of national research expenditures. They produce the 20% of the academic publications and 30% of total citations.
On May 4, 1998, Project 985 was initiated by the Chinese government in order to advance the higher education system. In the first phase, the nine universities were selected and allocated funding for an initial period of three years. On October 10, 2009, these nine universities made up the C9 League. The league was attempting to create a group that is pitched as China's equivalence of Ivy League.
- Peking University and Tsinghua University are in Beijing, the capital and a municipality of China.
- Fudan University and Shanghai Jiao Tong University are in Shanghai, a economic center and a municipality of China.
- Nanjing University is in Nanjing of Jiangsu province. University of Science and Technology of China is in Hefei of Anhui province. Zhejiang University is in Hangzhou of Zhejiang province. These five universities are in the greater Yangtze River Delta region.
- Xi'an Jiao Tong University is in Xi'an of Shanxi province, a key city in West China.
- Harbin Institute of Technology consists of three campuses: Harbin campus in Heilongjiang province in Northeast China, Weihai campus in Shandong province in eastern coastal region of East China, and Shenzhen campus in Guangdong province in South Central China.
The aim of the C9 is to communicate with each other in order to foster better students, sharing their resources, including campuses, teachers, and so on. More importantly, they have committed themselves to world-class excellence. The establishment of the C9 League has been welcomed by Chinese public opinion. Its central idea of building world-class universities has been well supported by both government and society. However, there are still some concerns, such as how to share the benefits of the C9 with other universities in China.
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